Source-based Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis for Discrimination of ADHD Children in a Time Reproduction Paradigm

Shiva Khoshnoud, Mohammad Nazari, Mousa Shamsi

Abstract

Electroencephalography recordings have a scale-invariant structure and multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MF-DFA) could quantify the fluctuation dynamics of these recordings in different brain states. However, the channel-based electrical activity of the brain has low spatial resolution and considering the source-level activity patterns is a good answer for this restriction. In this work, the multifractal spectrum parameters of the channel-based EEG, as well as the corresponding source-based independent components in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the age-matched control group, has been investigated. Considering the perceptual timing deficit in children with ADHD, for the analysis of the multifractality, two brain states including the eyes-open rest and the time reproduction condition have been considered. The results obtained showed that switching from rest to the time reproduction condition increases the degree of multifractality and so the complexity and non-uniformity of the signal. While the channel-based multifractal properties could not significantly distinguish two groups, the results for the source-based multifractal analysis showed a significantly decreased degree of multifractality for children with ADHD in prefrontal, mid-frontal and right frontal source clusters suggesting reduced activation of these clusters in this group. Utilizing support vector machine (SVM) classifier it is found that, the source-based multifractal features provide a significantly higher accuracy rate of 86.67% in comparison to the channel-based measures.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Khoshnoud S., Nazari M. and Shamsi M. (2020). Source-based Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis for Discrimination of ADHD Children in a Time Reproduction Paradigm.In Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: BIOSIGNALS, ISBN 978-989-758-398-8, pages 38-48. DOI: 10.5220/0008876700380048


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biosignals20,
author={Shiva Khoshnoud and Mohammad Nazari and Mousa Shamsi},
title={Source-based Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis for Discrimination of ADHD Children in a Time Reproduction Paradigm},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: BIOSIGNALS,},
year={2020},
pages={38-48},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0008876700380048},
isbn={978-989-758-398-8},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: BIOSIGNALS,
TI - Source-based Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis for Discrimination of ADHD Children in a Time Reproduction Paradigm
SN - 978-989-758-398-8
AU - Khoshnoud S.
AU - Nazari M.
AU - Shamsi M.
PY - 2020
SP - 38
EP - 48
DO - 10.5220/0008876700380048