Conservation Studies of Korean Stone Heritages

Chan Hee Lee

Abstract

In Republic of Korea, a peninsula country located at the eastern region of the Asian continent, is mostly composed of granite and gneiss. The southern Korean peninsula stated approximately 7,000 tangible cultural heritages. Of these, the number of stone heritages are 1,882 (26.8%), showing a diverse types such as stone pagoda (25.8%), stone Buddha statues (23.5%), stone monuments (18.1%), petroglyph, dolmen, fossils and etc. Igneous rock accounts for the highest portion of the stone used for establishing Korean stone heritages, forming approximately 84% of state-designated cultural properties. Among these, granite was used most often, 68.2%, followed by diorite for 8.2%, and sandstone, granite gneiss, tuff, slate, marble, and limestone at less than 4% each. Furthermore, values of the Korean stone heritages are discussed as well as various attempts for conservation of the original forms of these heritages. It is generally known that the weathering and damage degrees of stone heritage are strongly affected by temperature and precipitation. The most Korean stone heritages are corresponded to areas of middle to high weathering according to topography and annual average temperature and precipitation of Korea. Therefore, examination of environmental control methods are required for conservation considering the importance of stone heritages exposed to the outside conditions, and monitoring and management systems should be established for stable conservation in the long term.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Lee C. (2020). Conservation Studies of Korean Stone Heritages.In Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture Heritage, Education, Sustainable Tourism, and Innovation Technologies - Volume 1: CESIT, ISBN 978-989-758-501-2, pages 42-56. DOI: 10.5220/0010294500420056


in Bibtex Style

@conference{cesit20,
author={Chan Hee Lee},
title={Conservation Studies of Korean Stone Heritages},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture Heritage, Education, Sustainable Tourism, and Innovation Technologies - Volume 1: CESIT,},
year={2020},
pages={42-56},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010294500420056},
isbn={978-989-758-501-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture Heritage, Education, Sustainable Tourism, and Innovation Technologies - Volume 1: CESIT,
TI - Conservation Studies of Korean Stone Heritages
SN - 978-989-758-501-2
AU - Lee C.
PY - 2020
SP - 42
EP - 56
DO - 10.5220/0010294500420056