Role of Information Technology for the Improvement of Climate
Adam Mentsiev
1 a
, Usam Takhaev
and Elmira Amirova
2 b
Kadyrov Chechen State University, 32 Sharipov Street, Grozny, Russia
Institute of Economics, Kazan State Agrarian University, 65 K.Marx Street, Kazan, Russia
Keywords: Information technology, cloud technology, automation, sustainable energy development, climate change.
Abstract: The role of information technology in climate change is critical, and the usage of information technology and
information technology-based applications is gaining more and more attention throughout the globe.
Developing and developed nations are looking for greater chances to implement information technology and
information technology-based applications in the areas of climate change monitoring, mitigation, and
adaptation. This paper includes many case studies that demonstrate the significance of the role of information
technology and the potential available in the climate change sector.
We cannot disregard the effects of climate change in
Europe. As the frequency of natural disasters rises
due to climate change, we must be prepared to deal
with the consequences of such a dramatic shift. There
is a wide range of climate change factors, such as
rising water levels in rivers owing to glacier melting
and the loss of crops due to drought, that are causing
flash floods as a result of climate change. Climate
change has a direct effect on the environment and on
human activity. The IPCC is in charge of defining
climate change People's lives and the environment
may be negatively impacted as a result of climate
change. Major climatic changes, according to the
"United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (2021)," include heat waves, bush fires,
severe temperatures, droughts, and global warming.
There has been an increase in the severity and
frequency of floods as glaciers have melted. Seawater
is constantly collecting CO2 and heat from the
atmosphere, which is a key contributor to increasing
ocean temperatures and acidity. Climate change
brought on by air pollution is unsafe and destructive
to the people who live there. The main causes of air
pollution and noise pollution in large growing nations
like Europe and Asia are fast population increase,
heavy traffic, the burning of fuel and energy. Around
five years of human life may be lost due to air
pollution (Dwivedi et al., 2022).
Information technology has a critical role to play in
reducing the effects of climate change or at the very
least monitoring the present changes in Europe and
making suitable decisions based on the current
situation. Climate change concerns may be
monitored, mitigated, and adapted with the use of
information and communication technology (ICT).
Geospatial information systems, wireless sensor
networks, mobile technology, web-based
applications, satellite technology, and remote sensing
are just a few of the cutting-edge IT tools available
today (RS). Global warming is causing significant
shifts in weather patterns. Climate change mitigation
and adaptation activities may benefit from the use of
ITs, which include knowledge centres, community
radio, mobile phones, and interactive media.
Educating and enabling vulnerable communities to
lessen the danger of climate change by sharing
practical and theoretical knowledge, as well as
equipping them to access vital information that may
Mentsiev, A., Takhaev, U. and Amirova, E.
Role of Information Technology for the Improvement of Climate Change.
DOI: 10.5220/0011570600003524
In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Methods, Models, Technologies for Sustainable Development (MMTGE 2022) - Agroclimatic Projects and Carbon Neutrality, pages
ISBN: 978-989-758-608-8
2023 by SCITEPRESS Science and Technology Publications, Lda. Under CC license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
save lives, is a key component of IT ability to support
these communities. Developing nations are
concerned about climate change and are searching for
new technologies to monitor, mitigate, and adapt to
climate change in order to lessen the region's
susceptibility to the effects of climate change. There
is a concern with GHG emissions in developing
nations because of increased industry and
transportation (Garlík, 2022).
Designing smart buildings with IT may be a
reality in Europe. Information Technology may be
used to govern the transmission and distribution of
energy in the implementation of smart grids in
Europe. Micro-sensor one of the most widely used
and often praised technologies of the twenty-first
century is the wireless network. There are a variety of
uses for wireless sensor networks, including
commercial and human-cantered monitoring of the
environment, military applications, and robots.
Networking wireless sensors are one of the most
intriguing new technologies to emerge in the last
several years. Compared to the rest of the planet,
wetland ecosystems resemble kidneys. A wireless
sensor network (WSN) based on digital video is
presented in this research for monitoring the wetlands
ecology in real-time. Presented It is possible to
describe the Wetland Monitoring Ecosystem as a self-
organized system with calculation and
communication abilities made up of nodes with
sensing capabilities and performing monitoring tasks
autonomously under various situations using the
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) (Senadheera et al.,
A solar energy-based environment monitoring
system may save money on both power production
and power consumption by reducing the overall cost
of the system in the case of Europe. The provided
Remote Sensing (RS) information system helps to
capture more accurate, real-time, and wide-ranging
data using remote sensors and also provides
tremendous aid to relevant departments, helping in
decision-making on the basis of a current and correct
image. Web-based and sensor-based EM systems are
discussed in this research, which includes an urban
environment EM system. Data from sensors installed
in the urban environment, such as temperature, air
pollution, and humidity, is collected and archived by
this system. It also monitors the emission of carbon
dioxide, carbon monoxide, and oxygen. Groundwater
and surface water are included in this category.
Analysis of groundwater behaviour using remote
sensing and GIS is discussed in this paper since
freshwater is a critical resource for human survival
(Zhao et al., 2019).
Schweizer-Ries points out that energy
sustainability is typically reduced to a technical
difficulty, and that renewable and alternative energy
sources, as well as energy-efficient technologies, are
being developed in order to solve the issue.
Consumers at every level of society are responsible
for deciding what kind of energy they use.
Governments, businesses, and communities of all
sizes must use a variety of mitigation and adaptation
approaches as well as technical and social solutions
to mitigate the negative effects of climate change,
which are expected to get more severe as time goes
on. According to Schweizer-Ries, society's demands
and progress are the driving forces behind
technology, and they are the ones who define its
usage, and therefore they are the ones who produce
consequences of employing technology, as opposed
to the other way around. As an alternative, some
individuals feel that technology is the "wrong path"
to a sustainable future and that it should be avoided at
all costs (Schweizer-Ries, 2007). Particularly if some
technologies are used incorrectly, which might result
in catastrophic or fatal results. Verbruggen argues
that nuclear power and renewable energy sources are
promising combinations of technologies for dealing
with human-induced climate change (Verbruggen,
2008). Several factors impede the construction of new
nuclear power plants, including fear of catastrophic
and long-lasting consequences of an accident at a
nuclear power plant, as demonstrated by accidents at
Chornobyl in Ukraine and at Three Mile Island in the
United States, as well as the proliferation of nuclear
knowledge and weaponry and the disposal of nuclear
waste into the environment (Middleton, 2008). If
science and technology continue to work on
developing new weapons, there will always be the
possibility of an enormously destabilizing war.
Technology solutions are expected to play a big
role in addressing the complex issues of our day and
age such as increasing energy consumption and
climate change, and research is now being conducted
into these possible future courses (Omer, 2009). To
put it another way, Shah asserts that new technologies
may be a powerful instrument in the fight against
poverty, illiteracy, and human-induced climate
change, among other things, by helping poor
countries to modernize their economy. Since the
emergence of contemporary science and technology,
advancements in society and economic success have
been increasingly prevalent (Shah et al., 2021).
MMTGE 2022 - I International Conference "Methods, models, technologies for sustainable development: agroclimatic projects and carbon
neutrality", Kadyrov Chechen State University Chechen Republic, Grozny, st. Sher
We are living in the age of the technological
revolution. Almost every aspect of human existence
has been improved by technological advancements.
Our everyday regular living activities are enhanced
by technology, which serves humanity at its finest.
All of our everyday activities are being affected
by the current technological developments. This
includes everything from our shopping to our health
care to our banking to our stock market to our public
services to our transportation and logistics. In our
pockets, we have the same computing power as Neil
Armstrong had to travel to the moon. Humanity has
access to a wide range of technologies, but computer
science and telecommunication are the two most
widely used and widely adopted. Computer, Internet,
e-mail, and mobile devices were all covered by the
technology. IT is a breakthrough technology that is
rapidly becoming the most popular, fastest-growing,
and widely used technology in almost every aspect of
human existence. It's impossible to understate the
impact of IT and mobile technology's (MT) rapid
growth and progress. Because of the growing
popularity of mobile technology (MT), there are more
chances to provide a wide range of beneficial services
through mobile devices.
Climate change's primary risks and how IT may
help mitigate them
People's water and food supplies are at risk
because of climate change. As a result, storms,
heatwaves, droughts, and floods are becoming more
frequent and more severe, and our air is becoming
less healthy as a result. Poverty has the greatest effect
on the world. A quarter of a billion Africans will be
under greater water stress by 2020, and agricultural
yields in certain African nations are predicted to
plummet by half over that time period.
Because of these climate shifts, farmers tend to
see lower yields. While El Nio and other human-
induced and natural climate variability may be taken
into consideration in long-term projections, farmers
have enough time to prepare for shifting weather
conditions by planting crops that would flourish in
those settings. Even if text messaging and broadcast
radio or TV networks are all that are needed to deliver
warnings to at-risk areas, an internet connection is
required to provide reference material, statistics, and
adaptation strategies. Information on climate change
adaptation is being sent to isolated communities using
mobile phone networks that can access the internet
via web surfing (Novikov et al., 2019).
Water irrigation may benefit from medium-term
forecasts. Farming is more economical and
sustainable when it is possible to monitor
environmental and soil conditions with ITs. IT-
assisted water management reduces waste and
increases the long-term viability of water resources
by allowing for greater efficiency in water usage.
Climate change is dramatic, and its repercussions are
not insignificant; in the long run, these consequences
may have ramifications for a wide range of
destructive occurrences, such as natural disasters.
Climate Change Monitoring, Mitigation, and
Adaptation may be made more effective by the use
and integration of technology. This can assist to
preserve the environment from damage and
deterioration. IT and MT may play a critical role in
the monitoring, mitigation, and adaptation to the
issues posed by climate change. The use of common,
widely available, and affordable technology allows us
to replace the standard CCM system with more
complex and advanced systems, resulting in more
accurate, faster, live, and multidimensional data at a
lower cost and effort than the earlier methods. The
rapid growth and progress of information technology
and machine learning cannot be overstated. The
widespread penetration and widespread acceptance of
mobile technology (MT) in human life are generating
potential for the provision of a number of valuable
services through mobile devices. Climate change
consequences are being tolerated in both developed
and developing nations, with the emphasis on the use
of information technology to overcome these issues.
Europe is well-versed in the use of technology in
climate change monitoring and disaster management,
but Europe is still in the process of implementing
these technologies in CCM and DM. Insufficient
budgets, short-term planning, a lack of knowledge, an
illiterate population, inadequate training, as well as a
variety of social, economic, and political variables,
are the most significant obstacles to the deployment
and acceptance of information technology in
developing nations. To summarize, Europe is to face
gaps and possibilities in the integration of technology
in climate change monitoring, adaptation, and
mitigation efforts, as well as in other areas.
Dwivedi, Y. K., Hughes, L., Kar, A. K., 2022. Climate
change and COP26: Are digital technologies and
information management part of the problem or the
Role of Information Technology for the Improvement of Climate Change
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MMTGE 2022 - I International Conference "Methods, models, technologies for sustainable development: agroclimatic projects and carbon
neutrality", Kadyrov Chechen State University Chechen Republic, Grozny, st. Sher