Wavelet based Machine Learning Approaches towards Precision Medicine in Diabetes Mellitus

Adeethyia Shankar, Stephanie Chang, Xiaodi Wang, Yongzhong Zhao

2022

Abstract

It is estimated that 422 million people around the world have diabetes mellitus (DM)—a devastating, complex, and highly heterogeneous disease—requesting better interventions based on disease subtyping. In this research, we utilize the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) to decompose and denoise DM data. Using DWT, we enhance heart rate variability (HRV) based DM diagnosis, data visualization of the disparities in Human Microbiome Project (HMP) data (gut bacteria, metabolomics, proteomics, RNA sequencing, targeted proteomics, and transcriptomics data) using demographic features, and insulin resistance prediction. We also attempt to forecast continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) ahead by 90 minutes because CGM is unable to provide real-time blood glucose measurements. We achieve 91.9% diagnosis accuracy for Type 1 DM using Random Forest on data transformed with DWT, holding the potential for usage in clinics. In addition, our DWT-based t-SNE and UMAP explorative analysis of HMP data support subtypes of prediabetic patients stratified by sex, race, and age. Moreover, DWT-based transformations provide multi-view clustering that any other methods would not provide on metabolomics, proteomics, RNA sequencing, targeted proteomics, and transcriptomics data and outperform those without DWT. Taken together, DWT-based machine learning approaches enable a fine resolution of subtyping DM towards precision medicine.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Shankar A., Chang S., Wang X. and Zhao Y. (2022). Wavelet based Machine Learning Approaches towards Precision Medicine in Diabetes Mellitus. In Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS, ISBN 978-989-758-552-4, pages 290-297. DOI: 10.5220/0010993100003123


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biosignals22,
author={Adeethyia Shankar and Stephanie Chang and Xiaodi Wang and Yongzhong Zhao},
title={Wavelet based Machine Learning Approaches towards Precision Medicine in Diabetes Mellitus},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS,},
year={2022},
pages={290-297},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010993100003123},
isbn={978-989-758-552-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS,
TI - Wavelet based Machine Learning Approaches towards Precision Medicine in Diabetes Mellitus
SN - 978-989-758-552-4
AU - Shankar A.
AU - Chang S.
AU - Wang X.
AU - Zhao Y.
PY - 2022
SP - 290
EP - 297
DO - 10.5220/0010993100003123