Remote PPG Imaging by a Consumer-grade Camera under Rest and Elevation-invoked Physiological Stress Reveals Mayer Waves and Venous Outflow

Timothy Burton, Gennadi Saiko, Alexandre Douplik, Alexandre Douplik

2022

Abstract

Introduction: The photoplethysmographic (PPG) signal contains information about microvascular hemodynamics, including endothelial-related metabolic, neurogenic, myogenic, respiratory, and cardiac activities. The present goal is to explore the utility of a consumer-grade smartphone camera as a tool to study such activities. Traditional PPG is conducted using a contact method, but the resultant contact pressure can affect venous flow distribution and distort perfusion examination. This motivates us to develop a remote PPG method (rPPG) to study such activities. Methods: We used an imaging setup composed of a stand-mounted consumer grade camera (iPhone 8) with on-board LED illumination. The camera acquired 1920x1080 video data at 60 frames per second (fps); 90 second videos were captured for a hand in rest and elevated positions. Spatial averaging was performed to extract rPPG, which was filtered using continuous wavelet transform to analyse frequency ranges of interest. Results: The data demonstrated a plurality of observed patterns, which differed between rest and elevation positions. In addition to cardiac and respiratory activities, we noticed another two distinct low frequency patterns: oscillations that we conclude are likely Mayer waves, and monotonic reflection increase (gravitational venous outflow). In some cases, these two patterns are combined. Conclusions: rPPG demonstrated potential for venous compartment examinations.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Burton T., Saiko G. and Douplik A. (2022). Remote PPG Imaging by a Consumer-grade Camera under Rest and Elevation-invoked Physiological Stress Reveals Mayer Waves and Venous Outflow. In Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIOIMAGING, ISBN 978-989-758-552-4, pages 153-159. DOI: 10.5220/0010883100003123


in Bibtex Style

@conference{bioimaging22,
author={Timothy Burton and Gennadi Saiko and Alexandre Douplik},
title={Remote PPG Imaging by a Consumer-grade Camera under Rest and Elevation-invoked Physiological Stress Reveals Mayer Waves and Venous Outflow},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIOIMAGING,},
year={2022},
pages={153-159},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010883100003123},
isbn={978-989-758-552-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIOIMAGING,
TI - Remote PPG Imaging by a Consumer-grade Camera under Rest and Elevation-invoked Physiological Stress Reveals Mayer Waves and Venous Outflow
SN - 978-989-758-552-4
AU - Burton T.
AU - Saiko G.
AU - Douplik A.
PY - 2022
SP - 153
EP - 159
DO - 10.5220/0010883100003123