Biomedical Text Mining: Applicability of Machine Learning-based Natural Language Processing in Medical Database

Nafiseh Mollaei, Catia Cepeda, Joao Rodrigues, Hugo Gamboa

2022

Abstract

Machine learning has demonstrated superior performance in solving many problems in various fields of medicine compared to non-machine learning approaches. The aim of this review is to understand how Machine Learning-based Natural Language Processing (ML-NLP) has been applied to the clinical notes databases. Optimization algorithms are listed as examples to demonstrate the simplicity and effectiveness of their applications for clinical notes database. We reviewed the literature in clinical applications of ML-NLP, particularly techniques of deep learning such as mainly in pathology reports of diabetes, schizophrenia, cancer and cardiology, where NLP either on a classical algorithm or with deep learning has been actively adopted. We covered 60 different studies in this domain, focusing on a wide range of medical perspective based algorithms. Machine learning-based approaches combine the benefits of health systems with the expertise and experience of human well-being. From this review, it is clear that these techniques can improve the quantification of diagnosis and prognosis of cases and may create tools to assist patients during diagnosis and treatment. We complete this work by providing guidelines on the applicability of ML-NLP by describing the most relevant libraries to extract medical expressions from clinical reports text that can support clinical decision-making.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Mollaei N., Cepeda C., Rodrigues J. and Gamboa H. (2022). Biomedical Text Mining: Applicability of Machine Learning-based Natural Language Processing in Medical Database. In Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS, ISBN 978-989-758-552-4, pages 159-166. DOI: 10.5220/0010819500003123


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biosignals22,
author={Nafiseh Mollaei and Catia Cepeda and Joao Rodrigues and Hugo Gamboa},
title={Biomedical Text Mining: Applicability of Machine Learning-based Natural Language Processing in Medical Database},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS,},
year={2022},
pages={159-166},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010819500003123},
isbn={978-989-758-552-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS,
TI - Biomedical Text Mining: Applicability of Machine Learning-based Natural Language Processing in Medical Database
SN - 978-989-758-552-4
AU - Mollaei N.
AU - Cepeda C.
AU - Rodrigues J.
AU - Gamboa H.
PY - 2022
SP - 159
EP - 166
DO - 10.5220/0010819500003123