Emerging Utility and Cloud Computing Models

Ivan Ivanov



This paper explores emerging opportunities and challenges for endusers and corporations with the shift in the geography of computing services and applications. Recent trends in consolidated Enterprise Information Technology solutions have proven to enhance business efficiency when significant fractions of local computing activities are migrating away from enduser computers and enterprise servers. Data, Information Systems and Enterprise Applications are being removed from desktop PCs and departmental servers and are being integrated and packaged on the Web into “the computing cloud.” The shift from locally installed and maintained programs and systems to hosted services in “the compute cloud” affects the entire computational ecosystem, from the CIO to the end-user, software developer, systems analyst, and IT/IS vendor. We may need to take a fresh look at Thomas Watson’s pivotal statement from 1943 “I think there’s a world market for maybe five computers.” There are several distinct innovations towards emerging centralized computational mega-structures such as: • Grid computing infrastructure, middleware and application services • Virtualization for more transparent scaling of complex systems • Utility Computing services and models • Dynamic Resources and Computing in the Cloud. Growingly companies seem to achieve business advantage from the recent IT transformations and different forms of Cloud or Utility Computing services. Conversely, many issues remain: how well do the new models protect our investments, business specific challenges, innovations, privacy, and information security?


  1. Delic, K., Walker, M.A.: Emergence of The Academic Computing Cloud. ACM Ubiquity, Volume 9, Issue 31 (2008)
  2. Fingar, P.: Dot Cloud: The 21st Century Business Platform Built on Cloud Computing, Meghan-Kiffer Press, FL, U.S.A. (2009)
  3. Hamm, S., Cloud Computing Big Bang For Business. BusinessWeek, (June 15, 2009
  4. IBM Corporation: Seeding the Cloud: Key Infrastructure Elements for Cloud Computing. IBM Systems and Technology Group, Route 100, Somers, NY 10589, U.S.A. (2009)
  5. InformationWeek: Government IT On The Leading Edge. Analytics Alerts, InformationWeekanalytics.com (2009)
  6. Ivanov, I.: Utility Computing Paradigm and SOA Philosophy. I-WEST'2008, INSTICC PRESS, Portugal (2008)
  7. Ivanov, I.: Utility Computing: Reality and Beyond. E-Business and Telecommunications, Springer (2008)
  8. Kash, W: Standards groups form alliance to set cloud-computing standards, http://gcn.com/articles/2009/07/17/standards-groups-set-cloud-computing-standards.aspx (July 19, 2009)
  9. Mell, Peter, Grance, Tim: Draft NIST Working Definition of Cloud Computing. http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/index.html (July 20, 2009)
  10. Mendoza, A.: Utility Computing: Technologies, standards, and strategies. Artech House, Norwood, MA 02062, U.S.A. (2007)
  11. Nash, K. and D'Auria, J.: Cloud Control. CIO magazine (June 1, 2009)
  12. Robbins, D.: Enter the Cloud. NetworkWorld, U.S.A. (May 18, 2009)
  13. The 451 Group: Grid Technology User Case Study: JP Morgan Chase. The 451 Group Report, NY, U.S.A. (2003)
  14. Turban, E., Volonino, L.: Information Technology for Management: Improving Performance in the Digital Economy, John Wiley & Sons, NJ, U.S.A. (2009)
  15. VMware: Eight Key Ingredients for Building an Internal Cloud. White Paper from VMware, Palo Alto, CA 94304, U.S.A. (2009)

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Ivanov I. (2009). Emerging Utility and Cloud Computing Models . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Enterprise Systems and Technology - Volume 1: I-WEST, ISBN 978-989-674-015-3, pages 48-56. DOI: 10.5220/0004463100480056

in Bibtex Style

author={Ivan Ivanov},
title={Emerging Utility and Cloud Computing Models},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Enterprise Systems and Technology - Volume 1: I-WEST,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Enterprise Systems and Technology - Volume 1: I-WEST,
TI - Emerging Utility and Cloud Computing Models
SN - 978-989-674-015-3
AU - Ivanov I.
PY - 2009
SP - 48
EP - 56
DO - 10.5220/0004463100480056