# BREADER: A MODULAR FRAMEWORK FOR VISION RECOGNITION OF MATHEMATICAL-LOGICAL STRUCTURES

### Celia Salmim Rafael, Jorge Simao

#### 2009

#### Abstract

We describe a system that uses image processing and computer vision techniques to discover and recognize mathematical, logical, geometric, and other structures and symbols from bit-map images. The system uses a modular architecture to allow easy incorporation of new kinds of object recognizers. The systems uses a ``blackboard'' data-structure to retain the list of objects that have been recognized. Particular object recognizers check this list to discover new objects. Initially, objects are simple pixel clusters resulting from image-processing and segmentation operations. First-level object recognizers include symbol/character recognizers and basic geometric elements. Higher-level object recognizers collect lower-level objects and build more complex objects. This includes mathematical-logical expressions, and complex geometric elements such as polylines, graphs, and others. The recognized objects and structures can be exported to a variety of vector graphic languages and type-setting systems, such as SVG and LaTeX.

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#### Paper Citation

#### in Harvard Style

Salmim Rafael C. and Simao J. (2009). **BREADER: A MODULAR FRAMEWORK FOR VISION RECOGNITION OF MATHEMATICAL-LOGICAL STRUCTURES** . In *Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 2: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2009)* ISBN 978-989-8111-69-2, pages 249-255. DOI: 10.5220/0001808702490255

#### in Bibtex Style

@conference{visapp09,

author={Celia Salmim Rafael and Jorge Simao},

title={BREADER: A MODULAR FRAMEWORK FOR VISION RECOGNITION OF MATHEMATICAL-LOGICAL STRUCTURES},

booktitle={Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 2: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2009)},

year={2009},

pages={249-255},

publisher={SciTePress},

organization={INSTICC},

doi={10.5220/0001808702490255},

isbn={978-989-8111-69-2},

}

#### in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 2: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2009)

TI - BREADER: A MODULAR FRAMEWORK FOR VISION RECOGNITION OF MATHEMATICAL-LOGICAL STRUCTURES

SN - 978-989-8111-69-2

AU - Salmim Rafael C.

AU - Simao J.

PY - 2009

SP - 249

EP - 255

DO - 10.5220/0001808702490255