Airi Salminen, Maiju Virtanen



Development of semantic web technologies has been initiated to improve the utilization of web resources particularly by software applications. Semantic web is intended to extend the current web by metadata adding meaning to web resources. In an interorganizational business process context, semantic web could be an extension of the current intranet, extranet, and internet resources better enabling computers and people in business processes to work in cooperation. In the paper we will explore the possibilities of the semantic web technologies to support business processes. Particularly we will evaluate the possibilities and problems related to the utilization of RDF (Resource Description Framework), a method supporting the formal presentation of metadata and metadata schemas. We will use the Finnish legislative process as a case to demonstrate the issues discussed.


  1. Berners-Lee T., Hendler J. & Lassila O. 2001. The Semantic Web. Scientific American 284(5), 34-43. Retrieved July 15, 2004, from 4-10D2-1C70-84A9809EC588EF21
  2. Bray T., Paoli J., Sperberg-McQueen C., Maler E. & Yergeau F. 2004. Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Third Edition). W3C Recommendation. Retrieved from
  4. Brickley D. & Guha R.V. (Eds.) 2004. RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema. W3C Recommendation Retrieved June 17,2004, from
  5. Candan K., Liu H. & Suvarna R. 2001. Resource Description Framework: Metadata and its
  6. applications [Electronic version]. ACM SIGKDD Explorations Newsletter 3(1), 6-19.
  7. Gruninger M. & Lee J. 2002. Ontology applications and design [Electronic version]. Communications of the ACM 45(2), 39-41.
  8. Hunter J. & Lagoze C. 2001. Combining RDF and XML schemas to enhance interoperability between metadata application profiles. In Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on World Wide Web, Hong Kong, 457-466.
  9. Hyvönen E., Saarela S., Viljanen K., Mäkelä E., Valo A., Salminen M., Kettula S. & Junnila M. 2004. A portal for publishing museum collections on the Web. In Proceedings of ECAI/PAIS 2004, Valencia, Spain (forthcoming).
  10. ISO 15489-1. 2001. International Standard. Information and documentation - Records management. Part 1: General.
  11. ISO/PDTS 23081. 2003. International Standard / Proposed Draft Technical Specification. Information and documentation - Records Management Processes - Metadata Records. Part1: Principles.
  12. Klein M. 2002. Interpreting documents via an RDF Schema ontology. In Proceedings of the
  13. 13th International Workshop on Database and Expert Systems Applications, Aix-en-Provece, France, 1-5.
  14. Manola F. & Miller E. (Eds.) 2004. RDF Primer. W3C Recommendation. Retrieved from
  15. Middleton S., Alani H., Shadbolt N. & De Roure D. 2002. Exploiting synergy between ontologies
  16. and recommender systems. In Proceedings of Semantic Web Workshop 2002 at the eleventh International World Wide Web Conference, Hawaii, USA.
  17. Noy N. & McGuinness D. 2001. Ontology development 101: A guide to creating your first
  18. ontology. Retrieved June 14,2004, from KSL (Knowledge Systems Laboratory) of Stanford University Web site: lopment/ontology101.pdf
  19. Quan D. & Karger R. 2004. How to make a Semantic Web browser. In Proceedings of the 13th Conference on World Wide Web, New York, USA, 255-265.
  20. Salminen A. 2003. Towards digital government by XML standardization: Methods and Experiences. In Proceedings of the XML Finland 2003, Kuopio, Finland, 5-15.
  21. Torniainen P. (Ed.) 1999. Valtioneuvoston sanasto. Edita. Helsinki.
  22. Volz R., Oberle D. & Studer R. 2003. Views for lightweight Web ontologies. In Proceedings
  23. of the 2003 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC), Melbourne, FL, USA, 1168-1173.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Salminen A. and Virtanen M. (2005). SEMANTIC WEB SUPPORT FOR BUSINESS PROCESSES . In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 3: ICEIS, ISBN 972-8865-19-8, pages 468-473. DOI: 10.5220/0002525004680473

in Bibtex Style

author={Airi Salminen and Maiju Virtanen},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 3: ICEIS,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 3: ICEIS,
SN - 972-8865-19-8
AU - Salminen A.
AU - Virtanen M.
PY - 2005
SP - 468
EP - 473
DO - 10.5220/0002525004680473