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Authors: Daisuke Chugo 1 ; Ryo Kohara 1 ; Masahiro Iwaki 1 ; Satoshi Muramatsu 2 ; Sho Yokota 3 and Hiroshi Mashimoto 4

Affiliations: 1 School of Science and Technology, Kwnsei Gakuin University, Sanda, Hyogo and Japan ; 2 School of Information Science and Technology, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa and Japan ; 3 Faculty of Science and Engineering, Toyo University, Kawagoe, Saitama and Japan ; 4 Advanced Institute of Industrial Technology, Shinagawa, Tokyo and Japan

ISBN: 978-989-758-321-6

Keyword(s): Manual Wheelchair Assistance, Passive Robotics, Servo Brake, Gravitation-Negating Control, Seat Inclination Control.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Human-Machine Interfaces ; Human-Robots Interfaces ; Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics ; Mechatronics Systems ; Robot Design, Development and Control ; Robotics and Automation

Abstract: Considering the road inclination conditions, we proposed an upper body posture adjustment system for a passive-type assistive wheelchair. On an inclined road, there is a high probability that a wheelchair will move in a direction that is different from that desired by its user. In our previous research, we proposed a system that estimated a wheelchair user’s intentions and worked passively to complement their intentional force. This was accomplished by negating the wheel traction that was generated by the road’s inclination using only the servo brakes on each wheel. However, in some cases, our system failed to assist the driving motion of the user because it negated only the gravitational force. Therefore, our wheelchair succeeded in avoiding the unintended movement, but its user was required to row the hand rims with a considerable amount of force to overcome these braking forces. Consequently, we proposed an upper body posture adjustment system that adapts to the inclined road condi tions and reduces the wheel traction that is generated by gravity. The proposed system inclined the wheelchair seat and aligned the upper body posture of its user to the center position of the wheelchair. Using this method, the proposed system maintained the position of the user’s center of gravity with respect to the center position of the wheelchair. Our experimental findings suggested that the proposed passive-type assistive wheelchair can complement the user’s intentional force with smaller brake traction, indicating that the user can drive the wheelchair using less physical strength. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
Chugo, D.; Kohara, R.; Iwaki, M.; Muramatsu, S.; Yokota, S. and Mashimoto, H. (2018). A Brake-based Assistive Wheelchair Considering a Seat Inclination.In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO, ISBN 978-989-758-321-6, pages 136-143. DOI: 10.5220/0006858001460153

@conference{icinco18,
author={Daisuke Chugo. and Ryo Kohara. and Masahiro Iwaki. and Satoshi Muramatsu. and Sho Yokota. and Hiroshi Mashimoto.},
title={A Brake-based Assistive Wheelchair Considering a Seat Inclination},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO,},
year={2018},
pages={136-143},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006858001460153},
isbn={978-989-758-321-6},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO,
TI - A Brake-based Assistive Wheelchair Considering a Seat Inclination
SN - 978-989-758-321-6
AU - Chugo, D.
AU - Kohara, R.
AU - Iwaki, M.
AU - Muramatsu, S.
AU - Yokota, S.
AU - Mashimoto, H.
PY - 2018
SP - 136
EP - 143
DO - 10.5220/0006858001460153

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