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Authors: Jelena Mitrović 1 ; Cliff O’Reilly 2 ; Randy Allen Harris 3 and Michael Granitzer 1

Affiliations: 1 Faculty of Computer Science and Mathematics, University of Passau, Germany ; 2 Birkbeck College, University of London, U.K. ; 3 Department of English Language and Literature, University of Waterloo, Canada, U.S.A.

Keyword(s): Litotes, Computational Rhetoric, Cognitive Modeling, Ontology, Image Schema, Unexcluded Middle.

Abstract: The focus of our study is the rhetorical figure litotes and its cognitive modeling. This figure is formed by a contrary term that emphatically accentuates a positive, e.g. He is not exactly an idiot (said of Albert Einstein). Lawrence Horn’s illumination of the Law of Excluded Middle and its relationship to litotes by creating an Unexcluded Middle is central to our ideas and we correlate this to Image Schema theories developed by Mark Johnson, George Lakoff and Rafael Núnez – specifically the schema of CONTAINMENT. The distinction be- ˜ tween contrary and contradictory opposition is described. We extend the assessment of the Excluded Middle from the perspective of Image Schema theory into the realm of the Unexcluded Middle and draw a representation of the layout of containers and analogous concept-activation. Lastly, we create and present an OWL ontology and publish it online.

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Paper citation in several formats:
Mitrović, J.; O’Reilly, C.; Harris, R. and Granitzer, M. (2020). Cognitive Modeling in Computational Rhetoric: Litotes, Containment and the Unexcluded Middle. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART; ISBN 978-989-758-395-7; ISSN 2184-433X, SciTePress, pages 806-813. DOI: 10.5220/0009104908060813

@conference{icaart20,
author={Jelena Mitrović. and Cliff O’Reilly. and Randy Allen Harris. and Michael Granitzer.},
title={Cognitive Modeling in Computational Rhetoric: Litotes, Containment and the Unexcluded Middle},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART},
year={2020},
pages={806-813},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0009104908060813},
isbn={978-989-758-395-7},
issn={2184-433X},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART
TI - Cognitive Modeling in Computational Rhetoric: Litotes, Containment and the Unexcluded Middle
SN - 978-989-758-395-7
IS - 2184-433X
AU - Mitrović, J.
AU - O’Reilly, C.
AU - Harris, R.
AU - Granitzer, M.
PY - 2020
SP - 806
EP - 813
DO - 10.5220/0009104908060813
PB - SciTePress