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Authors: Marcello Frixione 1 and Antonio Lieto 2

Affiliations: 1 University of Genova, Italy ; 2 University of Turin, Italy

ISBN: 978-989-8565-30-3

Keyword(s): Concept Representation, Formal Ontologies, Non Classical Concepts, Psychological Theories of Concepts, Typicality Effects, Conceptual Spaces.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Artificial Intelligence ; Collaboration and e-Services ; Data Engineering ; e-Business ; Enterprise Information Systems ; Information Systems Analysis and Specification ; Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development ; Knowledge Representation ; Knowledge-Based Systems ; Ontologies and the Semantic Web ; Ontology Engineering ; Semantic Web ; Soft Computing ; Symbolic Systems

Abstract: Concept representation is still an open problem in the field of ontology engineering and, more in general, of knowledge representation. In particular, it still remains unsolved the problem of representing "non classical" concepts, i.e. concepts that cannot be defined in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. In this paper we review empirical evidence from cognitive psychology, which suggests that concept representation is not an unitary phenomenon. In particular, it seems that human beings employ both prototype and exemplar based representations in order to represent non classical concepts. We suggest that a similar, hybrid prototype-exemplar based approach could be useful also in the field of formal ontology technology.

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Paper citation in several formats:
Frixione, M. and Lieto, A. (2012). Prototypes Vs Exemplars in Concept Representation.In Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2012) ISBN 978-989-8565-30-3, pages 226-232. DOI: 10.5220/0004139102260232

@conference{keod12,
author={Marcello Frixione. and Antonio Lieto.},
title={Prototypes Vs Exemplars in Concept Representation},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2012)},
year={2012},
pages={226-232},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0004139102260232},
isbn={978-989-8565-30-3},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2012)
TI - Prototypes Vs Exemplars in Concept Representation
SN - 978-989-8565-30-3
AU - Frixione, M.
AU - Lieto, A.
PY - 2012
SP - 226
EP - 232
DO - 10.5220/0004139102260232

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