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Authors: Riryn Sani 1 ; Yonathan Aditya 1 ; Ihan Martoyo 2 ; 3 and Rudi Pramono 4

Affiliations: 1 Department of Psychology, Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia ; 2 Electrical Engineering Dept., Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia ; 3 Reformed Theological Seminary Indonesia (STTRI), Kemang, Jakarta, Indonesia ; 4 School of Tourism & Hospitality, Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia

Keyword(s): Multidimensional religiousness, Christian, Muslim, gender differences

Abstract: The idea of gender differences has been widely accepted as universal, also when it comes to religiousness. However, evidences supporting this idea were mainly acquired using single or few items measurement. As religiousness has been found to be multidimensional, at least in Christianity and Islam, the gender differences need to be reinvestigated. Most studies in the subject of religiousness were done either in a Christian populated or Muslim-based country, leading to the need of a more diverse samples in a cross-cultural context. As one of the world’s largest Muslim nation, yet acknowledging religious pluralism, Indonesia is a fitting population to serve the purpose. 331 Christian and Muslim college students with men and women ratio of nearly 1:1 filled the Four Basic Dimensions of Religiousness (4-BDRS). T-test analysis found no significant differences in religiousness between women (n=99) and men (n=92) in the Christian samples. On the other hand, Muslim men (n=62) were found to ha ve higher religiousness than women (n=78) in total religiousness (t(138) = 2.455, p<0.05) and Bonding dimension (t(138) = 3.721, p<0.0001).These results suggest a complex interplay between gender and religiousness, which involves religious socialization phenomena, patriarchal culture, culture’s masculinity, and religiousness development in university. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
Sani, R.; Aditya, Y.; Martoyo, I. and Pramono, R. (2021). Multidimensional Religiousness among Christian and Muslim Students: Are There Gender Differences in Indonesia?. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Social Sciences, Laws, Arts and Humanities - BINUS-JIC, ISBN 978-989-758-515-9, pages 609-614. DOI: 10.5220/0010058706090614

@conference{binus-jic21,
author={Riryn Sani. and Yonathan Aditya. and Ihan Martoyo. and Rudi Pramono.},
title={Multidimensional Religiousness among Christian and Muslim Students: Are There Gender Differences in Indonesia?},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Social Sciences, Laws, Arts and Humanities - BINUS-JIC,},
year={2021},
pages={609-614},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010058706090614},
isbn={978-989-758-515-9},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Social Sciences, Laws, Arts and Humanities - BINUS-JIC,
TI - Multidimensional Religiousness among Christian and Muslim Students: Are There Gender Differences in Indonesia?
SN - 978-989-758-515-9
AU - Sani, R.
AU - Aditya, Y.
AU - Martoyo, I.
AU - Pramono, R.
PY - 2021
SP - 609
EP - 614
DO - 10.5220/0010058706090614

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