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Authors: A. Azarfar and J. M. H. du Buf

Affiliation: University of the Algarve, Portugal

Keyword(s): Sound Source Localization, Interaural Time Difference, Interaural Level Difference, Interaural Time Difference of Envelope, Inferior Colliculus, Cognitive Robotics.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Acoustic Signal Processing ; Applications ; Artificial Intelligence ; Biomedical Engineering ; Biomedical Signal Processing ; Biometrics ; Biometrics and Pattern Recognition ; Computational Intelligence ; Health Engineering and Technology Applications ; Human-Computer Interaction ; Methodologies and Methods ; Multimedia ; Multimedia Signal Processing ; Neural Networks ; Neurocomputing ; Neurotechnology, Electronics and Informatics ; Pattern Recognition ; Physiological Computing Systems ; Sensor Networks ; Signal Processing ; Soft Computing ; Telecommunications ; Theory and Methods

Abstract: In this paper we address sound source localization in the azimuthal plane. Various models, from the cochlear nuclei to the inferior colliculi, are implemented to achieve accurate and reliable localization. Coincidence detector cells in the medial nuclei and cells sensitive to interaural level difference in the lateral nuclei of the superior olive are combined with models of V- and I-type neurons plus azimuth map cells in the inferior colliculus. An advanced cell distribution in the inferior colliculus is proposed to keep ITD functions at any frequency within the physiological range of the head. Additional projections from the dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus and the medial nucleus of the superior olive are modeled such that interaural time differences in different frequency bands converge to a single result. Experimental results demonstrate good performance in case of a variety of normal sounds.


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Paper citation in several formats:
Azarfar, A. and M. H. du Buf, J. (2013). A Biological Sound Source Localization Model. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing (BIOSTEC 2013) - BIOSIGNALS; ISBN 978-989-8565-36-5; ISSN 2184-4305, SciTePress, pages 333-337. DOI: 10.5220/0004247403330337

author={A. Azarfar. and J. {M. H. du Buf}.},
title={A Biological Sound Source Localization Model},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing (BIOSTEC 2013) - BIOSIGNALS},


JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing (BIOSTEC 2013) - BIOSIGNALS
TI - A Biological Sound Source Localization Model
SN - 978-989-8565-36-5
IS - 2184-4305
AU - Azarfar, A.
AU - M. H. du Buf, J.
PY - 2013
SP - 333
EP - 337
DO - 10.5220/0004247403330337
PB - SciTePress