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Authors: Stefano Bennati 1 ; 2 ; Catholijn Jonker 2 ; Pradeep Murukannaiah 2 ; Rhythima Shinde 3 ; 2 and Tim Verwaart 2

Affiliations: 1 Computational Social Science, ETH Zurich, Clausiusstrasse 50, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland ; 2 Intelligent Systems, EEMCS, TU Delft, Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6, 2628 XE, Delft, The Netherlands ; 3 Ecological Systems Design, ETH Zurich, John-von-Neumann-Weg 9, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland

Keyword(s): Discrimination, Agent-based Simulation, Values, Inclusion.

Abstract: The bargaining power of prosumers in a market can vary significantly. Participants can range from industrial participants to powerful and less powerful citizens. Existing trade mechanisms in such markets, e.g., in rural India’s energy trade market, show occurrences of discrimination, exclusion, and unfairness. We study how discrimination affects market access, efficiency, and demand satisfaction for the discriminating and discriminated groups via an agent-based simulation, incorporating the available real data. We introduce a mechanism for such markets that is designed for the values of inclusion and equal opportunities. The crux of our mechanism is that goods are divided into smaller units, as determined by the market participants’ surplus and demands, and traded anonymously via agents representing the prosumers. We evaluate six hypotheses in a case study about energy trade in rural India, where members of a caste known as Dalits are discriminated by Others. We show that anonymizati on contributes to the value of inclusion, and the combination of anonymization and inclusion contributes to equal opportunities with respect to market access for both Dalits and Others. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
Bennati, S.; Jonker, C.; Murukannaiah, P.; Shinde, R. and Verwaart, T. (2021). Discrimination between Social Groups: The Influence of Inclusiveness-Enhancing Mechanisms on Trade. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications - SIMULTECH, ISBN 978-989-758-528-9; ISSN 2184-2841, pages 71-82. DOI: 10.5220/0010544100710082

@conference{simultech21,
author={Stefano Bennati. and Catholijn Jonker. and Pradeep Murukannaiah. and Rhythima Shinde. and Tim Verwaart.},
title={Discrimination between Social Groups: The Influence of Inclusiveness-Enhancing Mechanisms on Trade},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications - SIMULTECH,},
year={2021},
pages={71-82},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010544100710082},
isbn={978-989-758-528-9},
issn={2184-2841},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications - SIMULTECH,
TI - Discrimination between Social Groups: The Influence of Inclusiveness-Enhancing Mechanisms on Trade
SN - 978-989-758-528-9
IS - 2184-2841
AU - Bennati, S.
AU - Jonker, C.
AU - Murukannaiah, P.
AU - Shinde, R.
AU - Verwaart, T.
PY - 2021
SP - 71
EP - 82
DO - 10.5220/0010544100710082

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