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Authors: Tapadyoti Banerjee 1 ; Bijoy Das 1 ; Deval Mehta 2 and Dipanwita Chowdhury 1

Affiliations: 1 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur and India ; 2 Indian Space Research Organization, SAC Ahmedabad and India

ISBN: 978-989-758-378-0

Keyword(s): Cellular Automata, Authenticated Encryption, AES-GCM, Counter Mode of Operation.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Applied Cryptography ; Cryptographic Techniques and Key Management ; Data and Application Security and Privacy ; Data Engineering ; Databases and Data Security ; Information and Systems Security ; Privacy

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a new Randomized Counter mode of Authenticated Encryption using Cellular Automata, named as RACE. AES-GCM, the NIST standard Authenticated Encryption scheme is efficient but it is vulnerable against some of the known attacks. In our design, we try to overcome the limitations of AES-GCM by exploiting the random evolution of Cellular Automata (CA). Here, the CA is used to make counter values randomized instead of sequential values used in AES-GCM. In addition, to produce the Message Authentication Code (MAC), a non-linear CA-based hash-primitive (NASH) is introduced which avoids the complex Galois field multiplication operations of GHASH of AES-GCM. We show that NASH provides more security over GHASH against Cycling Attack. Thus, NASH together with AES makes RACE more secure than AES-GCM with respect to this attack.

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Paper citation in several formats:
Banerjee, Tapadyoti; Das, B.; Mehta, D. and Chowdhury, D. (2019). RACE: Randomized Counter Mode of Authenticated Encryption using Cellular Automata.In Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications - Volume 2: SECRYPT, ISBN 978-989-758-378-0, pages 504-509. DOI: 10.5220/0007971505040509

@conference{secrypt19,
author={Banerjee, Tapadyoti and Bijoy Das. and Deval Mehta. and Dipanwita Roy Chowdhury.},
title={RACE: Randomized Counter Mode of Authenticated Encryption using Cellular Automata},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications - Volume 2: SECRYPT,},
year={2019},
pages={504-509},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007971505040509},
isbn={978-989-758-378-0},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications - Volume 2: SECRYPT,
TI - RACE: Randomized Counter Mode of Authenticated Encryption using Cellular Automata
SN - 978-989-758-378-0
AU - Banerjee, Tapadyoti
AU - Das, B.
AU - Mehta, D.
AU - Chowdhury, D.
PY - 2019
SP - 504
EP - 509
DO - 10.5220/0007971505040509

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