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ACTIVE STEREO VISION-BASED MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION FOR PERSON TRACKING

Topics: Autonomous Agents; Control and Supervision Systems; Human-Robots Interfaces; Image Processing; Mobile Robots and Autonomous Systems; Modeling, Simulation and Architectures; Reasoning about Action for Intelligent Robots; Robot Design, Development and Control; Vision, Recognition and Reconstruction

Authors: V. Enescu 1 ; G. De Cubber 1 ; K. Cauwerts 1 ; S. A. Berrabah 1 ; H. Sahli 1 and M. Nuttin 2

Affiliations: 1 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium ; 2 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

ISBN: 972-8865-30-9

Keyword(s): active vision, person following, color tracking, particle filter, proposal distribution, mean shift, measurement model update, robot navigation, fuzzy logic behavior-based navigation, hybrid behavior-based navigation.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Autonomous Agents ; Control and Supervision Systems ; Human-Robots Interfaces ; Image Processing ; Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics ; Mobile Robots and Autonomous Systems ; Modeling, Simulation and Architectures ; Reasoning about Action for Intelligent Robots ; Robot Design, Development and Control ; Robotics and Automation ; Vision, Recognition and Reconstruction

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a mobile robot architecture for person tracking, consisting of an active stereo vision module (ASVM) and a navigation module (NM). The first tracks the person in stereo images and controls the pan/tilt unit to keep the target in the visual field. Its output, i.e. the 3D position of the person, is fed to the NM, which drives the robot towards the target while avoiding obstacles. As a peculiarity of the system, there is no feedback from the NM or the robot motion controller (RMC) to the ASVM. While this imparts flexibility in combining the ASVM with a wide range of robot platforms, it puts considerable strain on the ASVM. Indeed, besides the changes in the target dynamics, it has to cope with the robot motion during obstacle avoidance. These disturbances are accommodated by generating target location hypotheses in an efficient manner. Robustness against outliers and occlusions is achieved by employing a multi-hypothesis tracking method - the particle filter - b ased on a color model of the target. Moreover, to deal with illumination changes, the system adaptively updates the color model of the target. The main contributions of this paper lie in (1) devising a stereo, color-based target tracking method using the stereo geometry constraint and (2) integrating it with a robotic agent in a loosely coupled manner. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
Enescu V.; De Cubber G.; Cauwerts K.; A. Berrabah S.; Sahli H.; Nuttin M. and (2005). ACTIVE STEREO VISION-BASED MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION FOR PERSON TRACKING.In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO, ISBN 972-8865-30-9, pages 32-39. DOI: 10.5220/0001187300320039

@conference{icinco05,
author={V. Enescu and G. {De Cubber} and K. Cauwerts and S. {A. Berrabah} and H. Sahli and M. Nuttin},
title={ACTIVE STEREO VISION-BASED MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION FOR PERSON TRACKING},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO,},
year={2005},
pages={32-39},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0001187300320039},
isbn={972-8865-30-9},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO,
TI - ACTIVE STEREO VISION-BASED MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION FOR PERSON TRACKING
SN - 972-8865-30-9
AU - Enescu, V.
AU - De Cubber, G.
AU - Cauwerts, K.
AU - A. Berrabah, S.
AU - Sahli, H.
AU - Nuttin, M.
PY - 2005
SP - 32
EP - 39
DO - 10.5220/0001187300320039

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