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Authors: Denisse Ávalos 1 ; Cristóbal Cuadrado 2 ; 3 ; Jocelyn Dunstan 4 ; 5 ; Javier Moraga-Correa 6 ; 1 ; Luis Rojo-González 1 ; 7 ; Nelson Troncoso 1 and Óscar Vásquez 1

Affiliations: 1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad de Santiago, Santiago, Chile ; 2 Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, U.K. ; 3 School of Public Health, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile ; 4 Center for Mathematical Modeling - CNRS UMI2807, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile ; 5 Center for Medical Informatics and Telemedicine, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile ; 6 Business School, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, U.K. ; 7 Facultat de Matemàtiques i Estadística, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Keyword(s): Transition Probabilities, Obesity, Developing Countries, Non-linear Programming, Poor Data Quality.

Abstract: Obesity is one of the most important risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Nutritional status is generally measured by the body mass index (BMI) and its estimation is especially relevant to analyse long-term trends of overweight and obesity at the population level. Nevertheless, in most context nationally representative data on BMI is scarce and the probability of individuals to progress to obese status is not observed longitudinally. In the literature, several authors have addressed the problem to obtain this estimation using mathematical/computational models under a scenario where the parameters and transition probabilities between nutritional states are possible to compute from regular official data. In contrast, the developing countries exhibit poor data quality and then, the approaches provided from the literature could not be extended to them. In this paper, we deal with the problem of estimating nutritional status transition probabilities in settings with scarce data suc h as most developing countries, formulating a non-linear programming (NLP) model for a disaggregated characterization of population assuming the transition probabilities depend on sex and age. In particular, we study the case of Chile, one of the countries with the highest prevalence of malnutrition in Latin America, using three available National Health Surveys between the years 2003 and 2017. The obtained results show a total absolute error equal to 5.11% and 10.27% for sex male and female, respectively. Finally, other model applications and extensions are discussed and future works are proposed. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
Ávalos, D.; Cuadrado, C.; Dunstan, J.; Moraga-Correa, J.; Rojo-González, L.; Troncoso, N. and Vásquez, Ó. (2021). Mathematical Model for Estimating Nutritional Status of the Population with Poor Data Quality in Developing Countries: The Case of Chile. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems - ICORES, ISBN 978-989-758-485-5; ISSN 2184-4372, pages 408-415. DOI: 10.5220/0010262404080415

@conference{icores21,
author={Denisse Ávalos. and Cristóbal Cuadrado. and Jocelyn Dunstan. and Javier Moraga{-}Correa. and Luis Rojo{-}González. and Nelson Troncoso. and Óscar Vásquez.},
title={Mathematical Model for Estimating Nutritional Status of the Population with Poor Data Quality in Developing Countries: The Case of Chile},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems - ICORES,},
year={2021},
pages={408-415},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010262404080415},
isbn={978-989-758-485-5},
issn={2184-4372},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems - ICORES,
TI - Mathematical Model for Estimating Nutritional Status of the Population with Poor Data Quality in Developing Countries: The Case of Chile
SN - 978-989-758-485-5
IS - 2184-4372
AU - Ávalos, D.
AU - Cuadrado, C.
AU - Dunstan, J.
AU - Moraga-Correa, J.
AU - Rojo-González, L.
AU - Troncoso, N.
AU - Vásquez, Ó.
PY - 2021
SP - 408
EP - 415
DO - 10.5220/0010262404080415

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