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Authors: Daniel W. Cooley 1 and David R. Andersen 2

Affiliations: 1 The University of Iowa, United States ; 2 The University of Iowa; The University of Iowa, United States

ISBN: 978-989-674-017-7

Keyword(s): Continuous glucose monitoring, IR photodiode, Transimpedance amplifier.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Biomedical Engineering ; Biomedical Equipment ; Biomedical Instrumentation ; Biomedical Instruments and Devices ; Biomedical Metrology ; Devices ; Health Monitoring Devices ; Human-Computer Interaction ; Microelectronics ; Physiological Computing Systems

Abstract: We have developed a data acquisition unit (DAU) for continuous, low noise measurement of glucose concentration in subcutaneous interstitial fluid (ISF). The system is comprised of a glucose sensor (Olesberg, 2006), op-amps for signal conditioning, and delta-sigma (∆-Σ) ADCs. The glucose sensor has two IR LEDs which emit light with wavelength of 2.2 to 2.4 μm where there are peaks in the glucose absorption spectrum. The IR light propagates through a glass fluid chamber containing interstitial fluid and a linearly variable bandpass filter before impinging on a 32 channel photodiode array. The center frequency of the filter varies along one dimension of the filter, so that each photodiode is sensitive to equally spaced portions of the glucose absorption spectrum. Transimpedance amplifiers (TIAs) convert the photocurrents into voltages which are sampled by ADCs. We developed a noise model which predicts the noise characteristics of the system. We use low noise metal film resistors to veri fy the DAU noise characteristics. Non-ideal characteristics such as limited photocurrent and low photodiode shunt resistance increase difficulty of obtaining low noise measurements. We demonstrate that the DAU provides low noise (41.7 dB SNR) photocurrent measurements and is suitable for use in a continuous glucose monitoring system. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
W. Cooley D.; R. Andersen D. and (2010). LOW NOISE MEASUREMENT OF PHOTOCURRENT FOR CONTINUOUS GLUCOSE MONITORING - Low Noise Measurement System Enables Continuous Monitoring of Glucose in Subcutaneous Interstitial Fluid.In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2010) ISBN 978-989-674-017-7, pages 195-200. DOI: 10.5220/0002747901950200

@conference{biodevices10,
author={Daniel {W. Cooley} and David {R. Andersen}},
title={LOW NOISE MEASUREMENT OF PHOTOCURRENT FOR CONTINUOUS GLUCOSE MONITORING - Low Noise Measurement System Enables Continuous Monitoring of Glucose in Subcutaneous Interstitial Fluid},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2010)},
year={2010},
pages={195-200},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002747901950200},
isbn={978-989-674-017-7},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2010)
TI - LOW NOISE MEASUREMENT OF PHOTOCURRENT FOR CONTINUOUS GLUCOSE MONITORING - Low Noise Measurement System Enables Continuous Monitoring of Glucose in Subcutaneous Interstitial Fluid
SN - 978-989-674-017-7
AU - W. Cooley, D.
AU - R. Andersen, D.
PY - 2010
SP - 195
EP - 200
DO - 10.5220/0002747901950200

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