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Authors: Sri Novitayani 1 ;  Aiyub 1 ;  Maulina 2 and  Martina 1

Affiliations: 1 Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia ; 2 Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, Indonesia

Keyword(s): Restraint, Violent Behavior, Psychiatric Illness, Schizophrenia

Abstract: Nowadays, many cases of violence in psychiatric patients visit to psychiatric emergency unit. Restraint is basically efficacious in managing violence. So, it also can prevent injuries to both the patient and those around the patient. This literature review explores the positive and negative effect of restraint, criteria for using restraint, guideline of restraint and standard documentation of restraint. Twenty papers were selected from electronic database of ProQuest, Pumed, Google Scholar and Google web site. A literature review of these papers showed that restraint can manage violent behavior, but it has physical and psychological negative impacts on psychiatric patient. In this review, it also explores about criteria using restraint based on JCAHO, APNA, and Department of Health for England and Wales; standard of restraint provide by JCAHO, APNA, Department of Health for England and Wales, and Park and Tang; and standard documentation for restraint by JCAHO, APNA, Park and Tang, a nd Reeves. We sum up that it is important for nurse to use appropriate techniques for restrain dan standard or guideline of restraint in order to prevent the negative impact of restraint and ensure the patients safety. Another important thing that must be considered by nurses is the standard documentation for restrain. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
Novitayani, S.; Aiyub.; Maulina. and Martina. (2020). Restraint in Psychiatric Patients: A Literature Review. In Proceedings of the Aceh International Nursing Conference - AINC, ISBN 978-989-758-413-8, pages 234-241. DOI: 10.5220/0008396902340241

@conference{ainc20,
author={Sri Novitayani. and Aiyub. and Maulina. and Martina.},
title={Restraint in Psychiatric Patients: A Literature Review},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Aceh International Nursing Conference - AINC,},
year={2020},
pages={234-241},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0008396902340241},
isbn={978-989-758-413-8},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the Aceh International Nursing Conference - AINC,
TI - Restraint in Psychiatric Patients: A Literature Review
SN - 978-989-758-413-8
AU - Novitayani, S.
AU - Aiyub.
AU - Maulina.
AU - Martina.
PY - 2020
SP - 234
EP - 241
DO - 10.5220/0008396902340241

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