Definition of an Enriched GIS Network for Evacuation Planning

Evans Howard, Lorenza Pasquini, Claudio Arbib, Antinisca Di Marco, Eliseo Clementini

Abstract

Among the most serious natural disasters, earthquakes cause severe damages to infrastructures and building, can kill or injure thousands of humans and animals and, in the luckiest circumstances, just make people homeless destroying communities, habitats, economies and mental equilibrium. In order to minimise the loss of lives, an effective evacuation plan to cope with worldwide disasters is required. In this paper we describe a novel approach to timely formulate an evacuation plan of an area struck by an earthquake. The proposed solution leverages on a two-steps modeling framework: i) a method that extracts from enriched GIS data a network description of the area to be evacuated; ii) a dynamic optimization model that calculates the safest paths citizens should follow to reach pre-identified safe areas. While the network is computed off-line at design time, the optimization model, or one of its reductions, can be embedded in a real-time system that, recomputing it several times, can guide citizen after a natural disaster even in case of high dynamic scenario. Our approach is demonstrated on a real study case: the medieval center of the Italian town of Sulmona, for which detailed GIS data with information on the urban structure and building vulnerability are available.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Howard E., Pasquini L., Arbib C., Di Marco A. and Clementini E. (2021). Definition of an Enriched GIS Network for Evacuation Planning. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - Volume 1: GISTAM, ISBN 978-989-758-503-6, pages 241-252. DOI: 10.5220/0010452302410252


in Bibtex Style

@conference{gistam21,
author={Evans Howard and Lorenza Pasquini and Claudio Arbib and Antinisca Di Marco and Eliseo Clementini},
title={Definition of an Enriched GIS Network for Evacuation Planning},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - Volume 1: GISTAM,},
year={2021},
pages={241-252},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010452302410252},
isbn={978-989-758-503-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - Volume 1: GISTAM,
TI - Definition of an Enriched GIS Network for Evacuation Planning
SN - 978-989-758-503-6
AU - Howard E.
AU - Pasquini L.
AU - Arbib C.
AU - Di Marco A.
AU - Clementini E.
PY - 2021
SP - 241
EP - 252
DO - 10.5220/0010452302410252