Prototype Reduction on sEMG Data for Instance-based Gesture Learning towards Real-time Prosthetic Control

Tim Sziburis, Markus Nowak, Davide Brunelli

Abstract

Current systems of electromyographic prostheses are controlled by machine learning techniques for gesture detection. Instance-based learning showed promising results concerning classification accuracy and robustness without explicit model training. However, it suffers from high computational demands in the prediction phase, which can be problematic in real-time scenarios. This paper aims at combining such learning schemes with the concept of prototype reduction to decrease the amount of data processed in each prediction step. First, a suitability assessment of state-of-research reduction algorithms is conducted. This is followed by a practical feasibility analysis of the approach. For this purpose, several datasets of signal classes from exerting specific gestures are captured with an eight-channel EMG armband. Based on the recorded data, prototype reduction algorithms are comparatively applied. The dataset reduction is characterized by the time needed for reduction as well as the possible data reduction rate. The classification accuracy when using the reduced set in cross-validation is analyzed with an exemplary kNN classifier. While showing promising values in reduction time as well as excellent classification accuracy, a reduction rate of over 99% can be achieved in all tested gesture configurations. The reduction algorithms LVQ3 and DSM turn out to be particularly convenient.

Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Sziburis T., Nowak M. and Brunelli D. (2021). Prototype Reduction on sEMG Data for Instance-based Gesture Learning towards Real-time Prosthetic Control.In Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS, ISBN 978-989-758-490-9, pages 299-305. DOI: 10.5220/0010327502990305


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biosignals21,
author={Tim Sziburis and Markus Nowak and Davide Brunelli},
title={Prototype Reduction on sEMG Data for Instance-based Gesture Learning towards Real-time Prosthetic Control},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS,},
year={2021},
pages={299-305},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010327502990305},
isbn={978-989-758-490-9},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: BIOSIGNALS,
TI - Prototype Reduction on sEMG Data for Instance-based Gesture Learning towards Real-time Prosthetic Control
SN - 978-989-758-490-9
AU - Sziburis T.
AU - Nowak M.
AU - Brunelli D.
PY - 2021
SP - 299
EP - 305
DO - 10.5220/0010327502990305