A Comparison of Bayesian and Frequentist Approaches for the Case of Accident and Safety Analysis, as a Precept for All AI Expert Models

Moldir Zholdasbayeva, Vasilios Zarikas

Abstract

Statistical modelling techniques are widely used in accident studies. It is a well-known fact that frequentist statistical approach includes hypothesis testing, correlations, and probabilistic inferences. Bayesian networks, which belong to the set of advanced AI techniques, perform advanced calculations related to diagnostics, prediction and causal inference. The aim of the current work is to present a comparison of Bayesian and Regression approaches for safety analysis. For this, both advantages and disadvantages of two modelling approaches were studied. The results indicated that the precision of Bayesian network was higher than that of the ordinal regression model. However, regression analysis can also provide understanding of the information hidden in data. The two approaches may suggest different significant explanatory factors/causes, and this always should be taken into consideration. The obtained outcomes from this analysis will contribute to the existing literature on safety science and accident analysis.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Zholdasbayeva M. and Zarikas V. (2021). A Comparison of Bayesian and Frequentist Approaches for the Case of Accident and Safety Analysis, as a Precept for All AI Expert Models.In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART, ISBN 978-989-758-484-8, pages 1054-1065. DOI: 10.5220/0010315810541065


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icaart21,
author={Moldir Zholdasbayeva and Vasilios Zarikas},
title={A Comparison of Bayesian and Frequentist Approaches for the Case of Accident and Safety Analysis, as a Precept for All AI Expert Models},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,},
year={2021},
pages={1054-1065},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010315810541065},
isbn={978-989-758-484-8},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,
TI - A Comparison of Bayesian and Frequentist Approaches for the Case of Accident and Safety Analysis, as a Precept for All AI Expert Models
SN - 978-989-758-484-8
AU - Zholdasbayeva M.
AU - Zarikas V.
PY - 2021
SP - 1054
EP - 1065
DO - 10.5220/0010315810541065