Automatically Generating Websites from Hand-drawn Mockups

João Ferreira, André Restivo, Hugo Ferreira

Abstract

Designers often use physical hand-drawn mockups to convey their ideas to stakeholders. Unfortunately, these sketches do not depict the exact final look and feel of web pages, and communication errors will often occur, resulting in prototypes that do not reflect the stakeholder’s vision. Multiple suggestions exist to tackle this problem, mainly in the translation of visual mockups to prototypes. Some authors propose end-to-end solutions by directly generating the final code from a single (black-box) Deep Neural Network. Others propose the use of object detectors, providing more control over the acquired elements but missing out on the mockup’s layout. Our approach provides a real-time solution that explores: (1) how to achieve a large variety of sketches that would look indistinguishable from something a human would draw, (2) a pipeline that clearly separates the different responsibilities of extracting and constructing the hierarchical structure of a web mockup, (3) a methodology to segment and extract containers from mockups, (4) the usage of in-sketch annotations to provide more flexibility and control over the generated artifacts, and (5) an assessment of the synthetic dataset impact in the ability to recognize diagrams actually drawn by humans. We start by presenting an algorithm that is capable of generating synthetic mockups. We trained our model (N=8400, Epochs=400) and subsequently fine-tuned it (N=74, Epochs=100) using real human-made diagrams. We accomplished a mAP of 95.37%, with 90% of the tests taking less than 430ms on modest commodity hardware (≈ 2.3fps). We further provide an ablation study with well-known object detectors to evaluate the synthetic dataset in isolation, showing that the generator achieves a mAP score of 95%, ≈1.5× higher than training using hand-drawn mockups alone

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Ferreira J., Restivo A. and Ferreira H. (2021). Automatically Generating Websites from Hand-drawn Mockups.In Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 4: VISAPP, ISBN 978-989-758-488-6, pages 48-58. DOI: 10.5220/0010193600480058


in Bibtex Style

@conference{visapp21,
author={João Ferreira and André Restivo and Hugo Ferreira},
title={Automatically Generating Websites from Hand-drawn Mockups},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 4: VISAPP,},
year={2021},
pages={48-58},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010193600480058},
isbn={978-989-758-488-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 4: VISAPP,
TI - Automatically Generating Websites from Hand-drawn Mockups
SN - 978-989-758-488-6
AU - Ferreira J.
AU - Restivo A.
AU - Ferreira H.
PY - 2021
SP - 48
EP - 58
DO - 10.5220/0010193600480058