What do You Mean, Doctor? A Knowledge-based Approach for Word Sense Disambiguation of Medical Terminology

Erick Godinez, Zoltán Szlávik, Edeline Contempré, Robert-Jan Sips

Abstract

Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) is an essential step for any NLP system; it can improve the performance of a more complex task, like information extraction, named entity linking, among others. Consequently, any error, while disambiguating a term, spreads to later stages with a snowball effect. Knowledge-based strategies for WSD offer the advantage of wider coverage of medical terminology than supervised algorithms. In this research, we present a knowledge-based approach for word sense disambiguation that can use different semantic similarity measures to determine the correct sense of a term in a given context. Our experiments show that when our approach used WordNet-based similarity measures, it achieved a very close performance when using the semantic measures based on word embeddings. We also constructed a small dataset from real-world data, where the feedback received from the annotators made us distinguish between true ambiguous terms and vague terms. This distinction needs to be considered for future research for WSD algorithms and dataset construction. Finally, we analyzed a state-of-the-art dataset with linguistic variables that helped to explain our approach’s performance. Our analysis revealed that texts containing a high score of lexical richness and a high ratio of nouns and adjectives lead to better WSD performance.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Godinez E., Szlávik Z., Contempré E. and Sips R. (2021). What do You Mean, Doctor? A Knowledge-based Approach for Word Sense Disambiguation of Medical Terminology.In Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: HEALTHINF, ISBN 978-989-758-490-9, pages 273-280. DOI: 10.5220/0010180502730280


in Bibtex Style

@conference{healthinf21,
author={Erick Godinez and Zoltán Szlávik and Edeline Contempré and Robert-Jan Sips},
title={What do You Mean, Doctor? A Knowledge-based Approach for Word Sense Disambiguation of Medical Terminology},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: HEALTHINF,},
year={2021},
pages={273-280},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010180502730280},
isbn={978-989-758-490-9},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: HEALTHINF,
TI - What do You Mean, Doctor? A Knowledge-based Approach for Word Sense Disambiguation of Medical Terminology
SN - 978-989-758-490-9
AU - Godinez E.
AU - Szlávik Z.
AU - Contempré E.
AU - Sips R.
PY - 2021
SP - 273
EP - 280
DO - 10.5220/0010180502730280