Exploring Fractal Dimension Analysis as a Technique to Study the Role of Intensity of Facial Expression and Viewing Angle

Braj Bhushan, Prabhat Munshi

Abstract

Fractal dimension analysis of the images of facial expressions has been reported earlier by Takehara and colleagues We have performed a similar exercise for two Indian databases, the Indian dataset of basic emotions and the Indian Affective Picture Database, to examine the relationship between the geometric properties of the facial expressions vis-à-vis the intensity of expressions and the viewing angle. It is a first of its kind in the Indian context. We analyzed the geometric pattern of three regions of the face, computed pixel difference, and calculated fractal dimensions of the expressions for all the images of these two databases. Thereafter, we analyzed the obtained outcomes of the geometric analyses and the reported unbiased hit rates for these databases, respectively. Results suggest that recognition of facial expressions is independent of the viewing angle. Further, happiness and anger are recognized best irrespective of their intensity followed by more intense surprise and disgust. The Root Mean Square pixel difference shows identical pattern in the expressions of happiness and disgust. Fractal dimensions indicate self-similarity among surprise, happiness, and disgust.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Bhushan B. and Munshi P. (2021). Exploring Fractal Dimension Analysis as a Technique to Study the Role of Intensity of Facial Expression and Viewing Angle.In Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 1: HUCAPP, ISBN 978-989-758-488-6, pages 103-110. DOI: 10.5220/0010124301030110


in Bibtex Style

@conference{hucapp21,
author={Braj Bhushan and Prabhat Munshi},
title={Exploring Fractal Dimension Analysis as a Technique to Study the Role of Intensity of Facial Expression and Viewing Angle},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 1: HUCAPP,},
year={2021},
pages={103-110},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010124301030110},
isbn={978-989-758-488-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 1: HUCAPP,
TI - Exploring Fractal Dimension Analysis as a Technique to Study the Role of Intensity of Facial Expression and Viewing Angle
SN - 978-989-758-488-6
AU - Bhushan B.
AU - Munshi P.
PY - 2021
SP - 103
EP - 110
DO - 10.5220/0010124301030110