PF-BVM: A Privacy-aware Fog-enhanced Blockchain Validation Mechanism

H. Baniata, A. Kertesz

Abstract

Blockchain technology has been successfully implemented in cryptocurrency industries, yet it is in the research phase for other applications. Enhanced security, decentralization and reliability are some of the advantages of blockchain technology that represent beneficial integration possibilities for computing and storage infrastructures. Fog computing is one of the recently emerged paradigms that needs to be improved to serve Internet of Things (IoT) environments of the future. In this paper we propose PF-BVM, a Privacy-aware Fog-enhanced Blockchain Validation Mechanism, that aims to support the integration of IoT, Fog Computing, and the blockchain technology. In this model the more trusted a fog node is, the higher the authority granted to validate a block on behalf of the blockchain nodes. To guarantee the privacy-awareness in PF-BVM, we use a blockchain-based PKI architecture that is able to provide higher anonymity levels, while maintaining the decentralization property of a blockchain system. We also propose a concept for measuring reliability levels of blockchain systems. We validated our proposed approach in terms of execution time and energy consumption in a simulated environment. We compared PF-BVM to the currently used validation mechanism in the Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus algorithm, and found that PF-BVM can effectively reduce the total validation time and total energy consumption of an IoT-Fog-Blockchain system.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Baniata H. and Kertesz A. (2020). PF-BVM: A Privacy-aware Fog-enhanced Blockchain Validation Mechanism.In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Services Science - Volume 1: CLOSER, ISBN 978-989-758-424-4, pages 430-439. DOI: 10.5220/0009487904300439


in Bibtex Style

@conference{closer20,
author={H. Baniata and A. Kertesz},
title={PF-BVM: A Privacy-aware Fog-enhanced Blockchain Validation Mechanism},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Services Science - Volume 1: CLOSER,},
year={2020},
pages={430-439},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0009487904300439},
isbn={978-989-758-424-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Services Science - Volume 1: CLOSER,
TI - PF-BVM: A Privacy-aware Fog-enhanced Blockchain Validation Mechanism
SN - 978-989-758-424-4
AU - Baniata H.
AU - Kertesz A.
PY - 2020
SP - 430
EP - 439
DO - 10.5220/0009487904300439