Data-Driven Insights towards Risk Assessment of Postpartum Depression

Evdoxia Valavani, Dimitrios Doudesis, Ioannis Kourtesis, Richard Chin, Donald MacIntyre, Sue Fletcher-Watson, James Boardman, Athanasios Tsanas

Abstract

Postpartum depression is defined as depressive episodes that occur during pregnancy or within 12 months of parturition. The goal of this study is the exploration of the birth features and maternal traits which affect the risk of postpartum depression for mothers with preterm neonates. We analysed data from 144 women (63 mothers of term and 81 mothers of preterm infants) who completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in the postpartum period. We used three feature selection algorithms: ReliefF, Random Forests (RF) variable importance, and Boruta, in order to select the most predictive feature subsets, which were subsequently mapped onto the binarized EPDS total score (a threshold of 10 was used to binarize the EPDS total scores) using RF. We found that positive affectivity (rs=-0.467, p<0.001), and the Apgar score at 5 minutes (rs=-0.430, p<0.001) are the most statistically strongly associated features with the risk of postpartum depression. We used 10-fold cross-validation with 100 iterations and report out-of-sample balanced accuracy (median±IQR): 75.0±16.7, sensitivity: 66.7±16.7, specificity: 100±16.7, and F1 score: 0.8±0.2. Collectively, these findings highlight the potential of using a data-driven process to automate risk prediction using standard clinical characteristics and motivate the deployment of the developed tool using larger-scale datasets.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Valavani E., Doudesis D., Kourtesis I., Chin R., MacIntyre D., Fletcher-Watson S., Boardman J. and Tsanas A. (2020). Data-Driven Insights towards Risk Assessment of Postpartum Depression.In Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: SERPICO, ISBN 978-989-758-398-8, pages 382-389. DOI: 10.5220/0009369303820389


in Bibtex Style

@conference{serpico20,
author={Evdoxia Valavani and Dimitrios Doudesis and Ioannis Kourtesis and Richard Chin and Donald MacIntyre and Sue Fletcher-Watson and James Boardman and Athanasios Tsanas},
title={Data-Driven Insights towards Risk Assessment of Postpartum Depression},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: SERPICO,},
year={2020},
pages={382-389},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0009369303820389},
isbn={978-989-758-398-8},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 4: SERPICO,
TI - Data-Driven Insights towards Risk Assessment of Postpartum Depression
SN - 978-989-758-398-8
AU - Valavani E.
AU - Doudesis D.
AU - Kourtesis I.
AU - Chin R.
AU - MacIntyre D.
AU - Fletcher-Watson S.
AU - Boardman J.
AU - Tsanas A.
PY - 2020
SP - 382
EP - 389
DO - 10.5220/0009369303820389