Validation of Evacuation Decision Model: An Attempt to Reproduce Human Evacuation Behaviors during the Great East Japan Earthquake

Akira Tsurushima

Abstract

The evacuation decision model was developed to represent human herd behavior during disaster evacuations and employed to analyze symmetry breaking phenomena in evacuation exit choices. However, it has yet to be tested on actual human evacuation data. By examining video footage recorded during the Great East Japan Earthquake, we discovered unusual evacuation behaviors previously unreported in the literature. Those being the choice between fleeing and the drop-cover-hold on action. These behaviors formed a unique spatial pattern when observed in a room. In this study, we attempt to reproduce this unique human evacuation behavior via multiagent simulations using the evacuation decision model and demonstrate that simple herd behavior is sufficient to reproduce the spatial pattern of the evacuation decisions.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Tsurushima A. (2020). Validation of Evacuation Decision Model: An Attempt to Reproduce Human Evacuation Behaviors during the Great East Japan Earthquake.In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 1: ICAART, ISBN 978-989-758-395-7, pages 17-27. DOI: 10.5220/0008874300170027


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icaart20,
author={Akira Tsurushima},
title={Validation of Evacuation Decision Model: An Attempt to Reproduce Human Evacuation Behaviors during the Great East Japan Earthquake},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 1: ICAART,},
year={2020},
pages={17-27},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0008874300170027},
isbn={978-989-758-395-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 1: ICAART,
TI - Validation of Evacuation Decision Model: An Attempt to Reproduce Human Evacuation Behaviors during the Great East Japan Earthquake
SN - 978-989-758-395-7
AU - Tsurushima A.
PY - 2020
SP - 17
EP - 27
DO - 10.5220/0008874300170027