Modern Information and Communication Technologies in Professional
Training of Sociology Students: The Mainstreaming of the Needs and
Liudmila V. Kalashnikova
1 a
, Alla S. Lobanova
1 b
, Iryna V. Hrabovets
1 c
Liudmila S. Chernous
1 d
, Viktoria A. Chorna
2 e
, Yevhen O. Davydenko
2 f
Feliks M. Zhuravlev
Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University, 54 Gagarin Ave., Kryvyi Rih, 50086, Ukraine
Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, 68 Desantnykiv Str., 10, Mykolaiv, 54003, Ukraine
State University of Economics and Technology, 5 Stepana Tilhy Str., Kryvyi Rih, 50006, Ukraine
Digitalization of the Learning Process, Information and Communication Technologies for the Training of
Sociologists, Computer Data Analysis.
The article presents an overview of the main possibilities of using information and communication technolo-
gies in applied sociology, as well as the urgent need and importance of computer training of the students. Filed
the results of comparative analysis of universal, semi-universal statistical packages of computer processing of
sociological information and professionally focused software products on the market today. Outlining the
advantages and disadvantages of their use in empirical sociology to describe the quantitative and qualitative
characteristics of objects of study, explanations of causality, forecasting of social processes. Characterized
by modern information technology used for collecting and storing social data. It is proved that the leading
component of the computer literacy specialist-sociologist is the formation, the development of algorithmic
thinking, the ability to make the right choice in favor of a software package that satisfies all the requirements,
and that would efficiently and professionally perform all the tasks of an applied nature.
Training specialists in humanities in Ukraine, in par-
ticular sociologists, given the growing need for soci-
ological interpretation of contemporary problems and
events, requires significant improvement of the educa-
tional process of their training in institutions of higher
education.In accordance with the standard of higher
education in Ukraine training of bachelors of sociol-
ogy in the field of knowledge 05 “Social and Behav-
ioral Sciences”, specialty 054 “Sociology” (MON,
2020) should be based on social sciences and human-
ities. However, the mathematical component of voca-
tional training is no less important.
The process of studying complex mass socioeco-
nomic, socio-political, socio-cultural phenomena and
processes can not be limited to theorizing. It involves
mathematical formalization, modelling of social real-
ity to formulate accurate, well-grounded conclusions
about the situation. Undoubtedly, various mathemati-
cal procedures are necessary, on the one hand, due to
the current stage of social processes development, the
dynamics of social transformation. On the other hand,
implementation of social management, forecasting
is impossible without deep knowledge of gathering,
processing and analysis of sociological information.
These are mathematical methods that already have a
wide range of applications. In this regard, actualized
the need of introduction of modern information and
communication technologies in the process of profes-
sional training of future sociologists.
The use of mathematical methods in sociology be-
gan long before the computer age. In the second half
Kalashnikova, L., Lobanova, A., Hrabovets, I., Chernous, L., Chorna, V., Davydenko, Y. and Zhuravlev, F.
Modern Information and Communication Technologies in Professional Training of Sociology Students: The Mainstreaming of the Needs and Significance.
DOI: 10.5220/0010933700003364
In Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Advances in Educational Technology (AET 2020) - Volume 2, pages 535-543
ISBN: 978-989-758-558-6
2022 by SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications, Lda. All rights reserved
of the twentieth century, the possibilities of the math-
ematical apparatus expanded dramatically due to the
development of information and communication tech-
nologies. Today, there are software products aimed at
solving sociological problems, but they are not fully
used by sociologists-practitioners. They simply do
not like mathematics. On the other hand, not all soft-
ware products available for use a wide range of users,
proceeding from their high cost , the system require-
ments for their installation, the need for special skills,
knowledge of the language of the interface. Tatarova
(Tatarova, 2018) spoke very aptly about the problem
of teaching quantitative methods for sociology stu-
dents, noting that “they are allergic to formulas and
graphs”. However, there is an urgent need to form
digital literacy due to the fact that modern sociologist
can not do without mathematical formalization, with-
out computers in the use of not only quantitative but
also qualitative methodology and techniques of col-
lecting empirical sociological material.
The formation of digital literacy is a continuous
process that begins with the study of such disciplines
as “Fundamentals of Informatics”, “Mathematical
and Statistical Methods in Sociology”, “Social Statis-
tics”, “Selective Method in Sociology”, “Methodol-
ogy of Sociological research” and logically contin-
ues during the course Analysis and computer pro-
cessing of sociological information”. This type of
functional literacy should be understood as the level
of students awareness about the possibilities of us-
ing computer software to solve standard professional
problems. Based on the content of the latter, all infor-
mation technologies used in applied sociology should
be divided according to their functional purpose into
three groups: programs for processing sociological
data, collection, storage and presentation of the re-
Tatarova (Tatarova, 2018), Tolstova (Tolstova,
2015) studied the problems of mathematical and
digital competencies formation of future sociolo-
gists in their works. The use of information and
communication technologies in applied sociology
is shown in (Borovikov, 2003; B
uhl and Z
2002; Filipova, 2001; Gorbachik, 2004; Mayer, 2015;
Panchenko et al., 2020, 2021; Tsypin and Sorokin,
2016; Tsyuhai, 2010). However, in most works, the
researchers focused on the features of only one or
more of the software products. Today, in the liter-
ature on sociology there are almost no publications
that would contain a comprehensive review of exist-
ing software packages outlining their leading advan-
tages and disadvantages. It would make it easier for
a sociologist-practitioner to choose a program at one
stage of empirical sociological research according to
the research objectives. Therefore, this article aims
to review the main opportunities of information and
communication technologies in applied sociology at
the stages of collection, processing and storage of
sociological data, as well as to determine the actual
needs and importance of the digital component in the
training of sociology students. The main criteria for
the selection of software products for further analy-
sis were the availability (presence or functionally free
demos) and Ukrainian/Russian interface.
Regarding modern information technologies for col-
lecting sociological data and their capabilities, we
note that there are at least ten most common services
for empirical sociological research: e-mail; place-
ment of text questionnaires in newsgroups; inter-
net forums, teleconferences (bulletin boards); web-
pages of polls; online focus groups; CAWI (Com-
puter Assisted Web Interface) online survey us-
ing web-resources without the participation of a re-
searcher; TAPI (Tablet Assisted Personal Interview-
ing) tablet survey; CATI (Computer Assisted Tele-
phone Interviewing) automated telephone survey
system; CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Inter-
viewing) electronic questionnaire via email ser-
vices or sites with the participation of the re-
searcher.For author’s research it is enough to use
such services as Survio (, SurveyMonkey,
Simpoll (, Multi-platform Social
Media Surveys (, Google
Forms, Microsoft Office (Excel) and others (Geger
et al., 2015).
E-mail survey is a rapid and easy way to work with
the target audience of informants, for example dur-
ing expert evaluations. In the vast majority of cases,
this information and communication service is used to
send invitations to participate in Internet forums, tele-
conferences or focused group interviews. The main
problem is the inability to record the reluctance of po-
tential respondents to participate in the study, as well
as the reasons for their refusal (Filipova, 2001).
However, online research in newsgroups is more
attractive. It is an interactive or autonomous survey of
people united by common interests on specific issues
of social life. Internet forums and teleconferences can
be considered as varieties of such a survey. Their ad-
AET 2020 - Symposium on Advances in Educational Technology
vantage is the ability to use open-ended questions, un-
structured or semi-structured questionnaires.
Web-pages of surveys are ordinary questionnaires
in HTML-format, which are posted on the WWW.
Their widespread use is complicated by the lack of
technical skills, as the construction of such question-
naires is made with the help of a scripting language
(GGI) which automatically processes all the data ob-
tained (Filipova, 2001).
All modern information platforms for conducting
online surveys Survio (,
SurveyMonkey (,
Simpoll (, Multi-platform Social
Media Surveys (, Google
Forms (, Mi-
crosoft Excel (
differ in functionality in terms of the number of
questions types, the availability of directory service,
ways to attract respondents, services for automatic
results processing, graphical representation of re-
ports, feedback from the researcher to respondents,
and the availability of paid/free services.
Empirical research conducted via the Internet has
a number of obvious advantages: technical param-
eters (savings in resources compared to traditional
forms of population surveys); large sample size (low
level of material costs per respondent allows you
to maximize the sample size, thereby reducing the
amount of random measurement error); the speed of
the survey (a large-scale, global online survey of sev-
eral thousand people around the world can be con-
ducted in a few days); the possibility of rapid re-
sponse (combination of laboratory and field stages,
making adjustments to the tools); wide coverage of
both the research audience and study topics; rele-
vance (when conducting online surveys, the effect
of the interviewer is completely excluded); organi-
zational flexibility (the respondent chooses a conve-
nient time and place for filling out the tools); auto-
matic data recording and their initial analysis, etc.
However, such shortcomings and limitations as lack
of representativeness (online research data cannot be
extended to the entire general population, but only to
network users, in addition, due to the rapidity of in-
formatization processes, the general totality of users
is constantly changing); spontaneity of the sample (as
a rule, only willing users answer the questions of the
tools posted on the network. It is a “self-selection
method” which further complicates the ability to con-
trol the compliance of the sample and the general
totality); lack of possibility to establish the fact of
unique participation provided anonymity, in particu-
lar multiple participation; the difficulty of verifying
the accuracy of the data obtained; technical restric-
tions on the number of questions, their length; lack of
possibility to provide supporting information, expla-
nations in case of incorrect interpretation of the ques-
tionnaire by the respondents, control of omissions of
certain questions, etc.
While conducting empirical sample studies, sociol-
ogists have to process large arrays of primary data.
Carrying out such full-scale works takes a lot of
time and requires considerable effort. Probabilistic-
statistical methods and models are applied to gen-
eral totality in order to extrapolate the conclusions
obtained during the study of a sample of social ob-
jects. According to Tatarova (Tatarova, 2018), the
main condition for their use is the assumption of at
least approximate observance of the properties of the
so-called statistical ensemble: the possibility of re-
peated observations under the same conditions; the
presence of a large number of random factors that
characterize the conditions of observations, which do
not allow to make deterministic conclusions about
whether or not will occur as a result of these exper-
Speaking of application program packages de-
signed for processing sociological data, we note that
there are universal/semi-universal (in terms of their
functional purpose, applicability and technology of
calculations almost does not depend on the subject
area of research) and professionally oriented (aimed
at processing sociological information that allows to
identify patterns against the background of coinci-
dences; to make sound conclusions, forecasts and as-
sess the probability of their validity). Until the 1990s,
most domestic sociologists carried out empirical re-
search and used mostly questionnaire methods to col-
lect data. Computer programs developed up to that
time were based on the statistical approach. However,
the wide interest in the use of quality methods neces-
sitated the development of adequate specialized ana-
lytical software for their processing. Currently, avail-
able software products can also be classified based on
data they process (or data obtained using traditional
Modern Information and Communication Technologies in Professional Training of Sociology Students: The Mainstreaming of the Needs
and Significance
Table 1: The comparative analysis of online services for surveys.
Features / Services Survio Survey Simpoll Multi- Google Microsoft
Monkey platform Forms Office
Social (Excel)
The base of respondents + - - + - -
Services automatic processing of the obtained results + + + + + -
Graphics + + + + + +
Changing the settings, design - + + + + +
Service support - - - + + +
The possibility of using mobile devices + + - + + +
Availability (free version, demo version) - + + - + +
quantitative or qualitative methods of collecting so-
ciological information). However, since there is no
clear distinction between the latter in applied sociol-
ogy and taking into account that any qualitative in-
formation can be digitized, this classification is less
successful. As for the classification by functional pur-
pose, the first group includes software products such
as OCA, Vortex 10.7, IBM SPSS Statistics 26, Stadia
8.0, Statistica 13.3, StatPlus 5.0, DA-System 5.0 and
others, the second group SociometryPro 2.3, Con-
tentAnalyzer 0.52, TextusPro 1.0, TextAnalyst 2.01,
WordStat 1.1 etc. We will consider each of them in
detail separately.
To find answers to relevant research questions, the
sociologist is faced with the task of choosing an opti-
mal statistical package from the available universal or
semi-universal ones. The best option is one that com-
bines the necessary functionality, high-quality work
and a reasonable price. When choosing an applica-
tion package, it is necessary to take into account, first
of all, its conformity with the tasks to be solved, the
amount of processed data, the requirements for the
available computer equipment.
Most of the statistical packages presented on the
market today have a flexible modular structure that
can be supplemented and expanded by user modules,
which are additionally purchased or available for free
access on the Internet. Such flexibility allows you to
adapt most packages to the needs of a particular soci-
A sociologist who organizes the applied research
must determine the list of tasks and agree them with
a client before choosing a package of applications to
process sociological data of. In research practice, the
main three types of such tasks are most common:
1) description of the object (collection of quantita-
tive and qualitative characteristics), which allows
you to form a general idea of the object of study,
to compare two or more objects. It is a statisti-
cal analysis of data. To implement this research
task, the following statistical indicators are used:
arithmetic mean, mode, median, deviation, stan-
dard deviation, dispersion, measures of variation
(range, maximum, minimum, average linear devi-
ation, standard deviation, oscillation coefficients,
relative linear deviation), etc. The procedure of
statistical analysis is key to clarify statistical pat-
terns, test hypotheses about the presence and na-
ture of dependencies;
2) explanation of causal relationships correlation,
regression, factor, variance, latent and other types
of analysis, construction of one-, two-dimensional
tables of data distribution;
3) forecasting of socio-economic processes the
processing of time series, construction of regres-
sion equations, trend calculations (patterns of de-
velopment), modelling, extrapolation, etc.
The most universal data processing program is
SPSS (the software name originally stood for Sta-
tistical Package for the Social Sciences, reflecting
the original market, then later changed to Statistical
Product and Service Solutions) has been developed in
1968 by three PhD students at the University of Stan-
ford (Norman H. Nie, C. Hadlai (Tex) Hull and Dale
H. Bent). The latest version of IBM SPSS Statistics
28 was released in May 2021. Its main advantages are
a developed apparatus of statistical analysis, versatil-
ity, a wide range of graphical procedures, reporting
tools, high computing speed, simple and user-friendly
multilingual interface, detailed context-oriented help
system. Disadvantages of the program include high
computer requirements (1.56 GB of RAM, 1.11 GB
of hard disk memory and a processor with a frequency
of 1 GHz and above) and pricing policy compared to
statistical packages of the same level (B
uhl and Z
In Ukraine, the first application package (“OCA
processing of sociological questionnaires) was devel-
AET 2020 - Symposium on Advances in Educational Technology
oped in 1989 by A. Gorbachyk with the support of
the Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine. It is designed to organize the
introduction and statistical analysis of the results of
various sociological surveys (Gorbachik, 2004).
A new updated version of OCA for Windows ap-
peared in 2001, in 2004 OCA New Line, and in
2019 OCA CATI Android. The package provides
all basic operations with numerical data sets, in par-
ticular, input of questionnaires, logical control of en-
tered information, construction of filters for selection
of questionnaires under a certain condition or random
selection, tables of one-, two-dimensional distribu-
tion, calculation of central trend measures, variations
and indicators of connections, calculation of sampling
and error, testing of statistical hypotheses, implemen-
tation of factor and cluster analysis, construction of
linear regression equations, etc. The main advantages
of this Ukrainian software product are the conciseness
of the interface, relative cheapness, while the main
disadvantage is the limited functionality.
D. Shkurin (Ural Federal University named after
A. M. Gorky) created the first version of the Vor-
tex program in 1994. The latest updated version of
the program appeared in 2013 (Shkurin, 2016). It
is a modular program based on a data entry mod-
ule. There are different versions of the program which
differ in functionality: basic (data entry module, ba-
sic functions); professional (data entry module, ba-
sic functions, professional functions); full (data entry
module, basic functions, professional and additional
functions); student, academic and version for edu-
cational institutions. There may be separate subpro-
grams such as the module for conducting personal in-
terviews, FTP-server for conducting surveys, the mas-
ter of digitization of the territory map, the module
of pasting files, etc. Additional features of the Vor-
tex program include the ability to process data col-
lected during surveys by the following means: CAWI
(Computer Assisted Web Interface); CATI (Computer
Assisted Telephone Interviewing);TAPI (Tablet As-
sisted Personal Interviewing);CAPI (Computer As-
sisted Personal Interviewing). Unlike other software
products, it has the option of developing data collec-
tion tools (questionnaire, interview or testing form,
The Stadia (Statistical Dialogue System) program
was developed by A. Kulaichev in 1985 (Kulaichev,
2013). The program provides comprehensive data
analysis using a set of modern and effective methods
for determining descriptive statistics, criteria for dif-
ference, categorical, variance, correlation and regres-
sion analysis, to visualize the data by means of busi-
ness and scientific graphics. Its main drawback is the
inability to process data presented in nominal scales
with compatible alternatives, as well as the option to
export / import data with other statistical packages of
applied programs.
Universal statistical package Statistica was devel-
oped by StatSoftInc in 1991 (Borovikov, 2003). Its
latest 14th version was released in 2020. In addition
to the generally defined statistical and graphical tools,
the system has specialized modules, for example, for
sociological or biomedical research, for solving tech-
nical and industrial problems as construction of qual-
ity control maps, process analysis modules and ex-
periment planning. Similar to Stadia, this software
product does not have the ability to process socio-
logical variables on a nominal scale with compati-
ble alternatives. The advantages of the package in-
clude: the ability to exchange data with MS Windows
applications, analysis results can be displayed in the
form of graphs, tables and text files, macro recording
to automate the same tasks, the ability to process a
database of 32,000 variables and almost unlimited ob-
servations, the ability to build 2D, 3D and 4D graphs,
matrices, icons.
The StatPlus application package was developed
by AnalystSoft in 2006 and the latest version ap-
peared in 2016. It allows the calculation of basic
descriptive and non-parametric statistics; it is pos-
sible to import/export documents in Microsoft Ex-
cel, StatSoft, SPSS, etc. However, its options are
very limited for the main tasks of empirical socio-
logical research compared to other software packages
(Tsyuhai, 2010).
The DA Standard 5.0 (determination analysis of
data) was developed in 2011 by Context Media to
process the results of marketing and sociological re-
search, financial data of the company’s activities, etc.
The system software contains two programs DICT
(provides data preparation for processing, input of
variables vocabulary and data, export/import of data)
and DA (designed for data analysis, linear and even
distributions, multidimensional determination tables,
subsample formation, construction of new variables,
etc.). The program is built as a traditional database
(there are tables for storing information and query
system, which is intellectually built into the arrays
of tables) (Context Media, 2011). Its advantages are
adaptability to marketing problems, simple interface,
low technical requirements. However, it works only
on the basis of Windows 95, 2000, NT, XP; it has a
special format for data storage, the lack of ability to
export/import data with other statistical packages.
Summarizing, we note that the universal versa-
tility of the packages enables the analysis of differ-
ent data types using a wide range of statistical meth-
Modern Information and Communication Technologies in Professional Training of Sociology Students: The Mainstreaming of the Needs
and Significance
ods. Most of the existing software products have
some built-in statistical procedures and are compet-
ing against each other. Their main difference are the
ways in the interface.
The software packages are almost identical in
their function, the amount of input data is limited by
the capacity of computer memory that allows you to
use them to conduct large-scale sociological studies.
Compared to other Vortex has the advantage regard-
ing the possibility of the formation of research tools
and automatically create a dictionary of variables for
further input and analysis of the array data. But OCA
unlike other software has the ability to process data
presented in a nominal scale with compatible alterna-
tives. SPSS is the only one among the presented soft-
ware has capabilities of rendering 3D graphical im-
ages. All the packages are paid and have trial versions
available to download on official sites.
Next, consider a professionally-oriented (special-
ized) packages.
So, the program SociometryPro 2.3 has a special
purpose. It is created by the specialists of LeDiS
Group (Moscow, Russia) to simplify the processing of
sociometric survey data (LeDis Group, 2017). There
is a Ukrainian analogue of the program. It is called
“Sociometry” developed by the Academy of Informa-
tion Technology. This software product allows you
to create a database of sociometric research, calculate
group and individual sociometric indices, to visualize
the results in the form of targets and graphs.
We will focus on a few available text analyz-
ers that have the ability to implement the quantita-
tive component of content analysis of text documents.
Textus Pro 1.0 is one of the simplest text analysis pro-
grams created by D. Kaplunov and D. Abramov. The
main objectives of the program are: to calculate the
use of keywords, their frequency and density; deter-
mining the number of words and symbols in the text
(with spaces and without); analysis of the “nausea”
of the text; calculation of the cost of the text based
on the initial price per 1000 symbols of text analysis
specified by the user (Chernyatinskiy, 2020).
The program TextAnalyst 2.01 is a tool for analyz-
ing the content of texts, meaningful search for infor-
mation, the formation of electronic archives. It was
developed in 1991 by the specialists from the inno-
vation center “Microsystems”. The program options
allow text analysis with automatic formation of a se-
mantic chain with hyperlinks, meaningful search of
text fragments by constructing a hierarchical tree of
topics, text abstracting, clustering of text information
by constructing a thematic tree, forming a hypertext
WordStat2.0 is a free utility software for quantita-
tive analysis of text submitted in html and txt formats.
It was developed by O. Dubinskyi in 2001. The ad-
vantages of this program are the ability to combine
similar words, despite changes in word forms, as well
as the accumulation of measurement results. As a re-
sult it simplifies work with large arrays of information
(Dubinskyi, 2019).
ContentAnalyzer 0.52 was developed in 2005 by
the specialists from the Elibriz Software company. It
is aimed at analyzing thematic web-documents on the
number of keywords and their word forms and creat-
ing an abstract. The program contains an integrated
interface, calculates the coefficient required for struc-
tural analysis of documents (Mayer, 2015).
In conclusion, we note that the main feature of
specialized packages is the presence of functional
limitations relative to the analysis of the data associ-
ated with the specific method of collection of primary
sociological information. The use of this type of prod-
uct requires the user knowledge of the list of statis-
tical procedures characteristic for a specific method,
which, of course, becomes an obstacle to their mass
Another area of using information and communica-
tion technologies in applied sociology is the preser-
vation of data in the format of archives, infor-
mation banks (big data).Their main functions are
quite clearly defined: the development of methods
and means of accumulating sociological information;
standardization of methods; information and refer-
ence support for sociologists; coordination of socio-
logical research; exchange of primary empirical data;
creating conditions for secondary and comparative
analysis of data; carrying out settlement and comput-
ing operations at the request of users.
The ultimate goal of working on the sociological
archive and sociological information bank is to trans-
form it into a transnational center for the exchange of
social information to attract a wide range of special-
ists (scientists, politicians, journalists, NGO activists,
government officials) to in-depth systematic analysis
of various aspects of society.Due to the constant re-
plenishment of the archive, it is advisable to introduce
a special bulletin. There will be along with informa-
AET 2020 - Symposium on Advances in Educational Technology
Table 2: The comparative analysis of universal/semi-universal statistical packages.
Features / Program SPSS OCA Vortex Stadia Statistica StatPlus DA Standard
Forming tools - - + - - - -
Basic statistical methods + + + + + + +
Filter data + + + - - - +
Linear modeling + + + + + + -
Multidimensional modeling + - + - + + -
Nonparametric methods + + + + + + -
Correlation analysis + + + + + + +
Factor analysis + + + + + + +
Cluster analysis + + + + + + -
Verification of statistical hypotheses + + + - - + -
Scaling + - + + - - -
Calculate the sample - + + - - - -
Graphical representation of the data + + + - + + -
tion about new receipts to the archive, comparative
materials of surveys of different years and trends in
social change.
The Council of European Social Science Data
Archives (CESSDA) was established in 1976. It is
an informal association of European national data
archives of about 70,000 studies in the social sciences
and humanities. The main task of this organization is
to ensure the functioning of a full-fledged sustainable
research infrastructure. This association helps the sci-
entific community to conduct high-quality research in
the social sciences to form effective solutions to the
main challenges facing society today and to facilitate
teaching and learning in social sciences. CESSDA
must fulfill its mission by participating in the devel-
opment and coordination of standards, protocols and
the dissemination of best training practices.
The history of national archives began in 1985
when the first large-scale database of sociological re-
search at the Institute of Social Research of the USSR
Academy of Sciences was created.
In December 2014, the National Sociological Data
Bank “Kyiv Archive”was established at the initiative
of the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology and
Center “Social Indicators” in cooperation with the
Kyiv-Mohyla Academy under a grant from the In-
ternational Renaissance Foundation (ukraine.survey-, 2014).
The directory contains a list of sociological
research, available for download from the web-
site of the National Bank research (https://ukraine. While the website contains
only part of the available data, and the archive con-
tinues to grow. Registered users have the ability
to download survey data directly through the web-
site. Downloadable materials include an array (SPSS
/ OCA), questionnaires, survey description, descrip-
tion of the methodology, supporting materials.
The monitoring study presented at the Bank in the
format of a coherent set of files. The archive search
is by keywords, and indexing subjects of research
for their name, the name of the author of the study,
date collection, and other parameters that character-
ize research in General. The purpose of the search in
this part of the archive is to receive the data file and
accompanying documentation for further secondary
analysis. Storage unit in the archive is determined by
a separate research question.
Nowadays, the number of organizations that trans-
mit information to the National Bank of Sociologi-
cal Data includes Kyiv International Institute of So-
ciology, TNS, Institute of Sociology of NASU, Taras
Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukrainian
Center for Economic and Political Studies named
after O. Razumkov, Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Ini-
tiatives Foundation, Ukrainian Institute for Social
Research named after O. Yaremenko, Kyiv Center
for Political Research and Conflict Studies, Cen-
ter for Social and Marketing Research “SOCIS”
(, 2014).
Since the professional activity of sociologists-
empiricists is mass, the archives of sociological data
as an institutional entity will be used productively
in the case of their active cultivation at the level
of both individual and collective social practices.
Such transnational archives are user-friendly means
of solving research problems. They are characterized
by mobility, accessibility for understanding, represent
a high level of professionalism of scientists, without
exaggeration is a more convenient modern form of re-
search not only in sociology but also in related sci-
The final stage of any empirical sociological study
involves the preparation of a final document (informa-
Modern Information and Communication Technologies in Professional Training of Sociology Students: The Mainstreaming of the Needs
and Significance
tion, press release, information note, analytical note,
report). Its choice is determined by the type of study
and the wishes of the customer. MS Windows ap-
plications or alternative services available to the re-
searcher are used to make the report and prepare for
the presentation of the research results.
As the study of scientific literature and personal prac-
tical experience, professional training of specialists-
sociologists in higher education, has wide opportuni-
ties to use information and communication technolo-
gies, without which no full-fledged implementation of
empirical sociological research. The variety of infor-
mation technologies, as well as their capabilities, is
impressive. However, we should not forget that the
most important component of digital literacy of a so-
ciologist is the formation and development of algo-
rithmic thinking. It is a set of specific ideas, skills and
abilities related to the concept of the algorithm, meth-
ods of its development, use and recording.Mastering a
rich arsenal of application packages of computer pro-
grams, cloud technologies for the collection and pro-
cessing of sociological data is an important compo-
nent of the training of future sociologists.
Each of the above-mentioned software products
has its characteristics of use in applied sociology, pri-
marily related to their functional purpose, compat-
ibility with alternative programs, pricing and tech-
nical conditions of use.The modern statistical pack-
age must meet the following minimum set of require-
ments: modularity; use of simple problem-oriented
language to formulate user’s tasks; automatic orga-
nization of data processing; introduction of a data
bank and compiling reports on the results of the anal-
ysis; dialogue mode of work of the user with a pack-
age; compatibility with other software.The develop-
ers of most statistical packages often claim that the
program they have developed is the best for data pro-
cessing. Given the variety of proposals, it is difficult
to make the right choice in favor of a particular pack-
age of applications. However, if a sociologist does
not have sufficient knowledge and competencies, then
even the most advanced software product will not al-
low making quality collection and analysis of socio-
logical data. At the same time, an incorrectly selected
software package that does not have the proper tech-
nical characteristics can slow down the work of even
an experienced analyst, making it difficult to identify
the necessary patterns and obtain the results of data
However, it is important to emphasize the fact that
in connection with the computerization of companies
the new demands put forward in relation to the teach-
ing staff of higher educational institutions, which im-
parts training to students. Their level of informational
knowledge requires a significant increase in that is
one of the promising areas of research.
uhl, A. and Z
ofel, P. (2002). Erweiterte Datenanalyse
mit SPSS: Statistik und Data Mining. VS Verlag f
Borovikov, V. (2003). Statistica. The art of analyzing data
on a computer. Peter, Saint Petersburg.
Chernyatinskiy, D. (2020). Textus Pro, free tool to text
Context Media (2011). DA Standard. http:
Dubinskyi, O. H. (2019). Wordstat2.0. http:
Filipova, T. (2001). Internet as a tool for sociological re-
search. Sociological studies, (9):115–122.
Geger, A., Chupakhina, Y., and Geger, S. (2015). Computer
programs for the analysis of high-quality and mixed
data. Petersburg sociology today, (6):374–388.
Gorbachik, A. P. (2004). User manual system “OSA” (Pro-
cessing Sociological Questionnaires version 3.01 for
Windows 95/98). manual.
Kulaichev, A. P. (2013). STADIA – 8.0.
LeDis Group (2017). Sociometrypro (2.3): User guide. 3/
socio manual rus 2 3.pdf.
Mayer, R. V. (2015). The computer programs which au-
tomate assessment of objects and content–analysis of
the text. Psychology, sociology and pedagogy, (1).
MON (2020). The standard of environmental educa-
tion of Ukraine is from galactic knowledge 05
“Social and behavioral science”, specialty 054
“Social science”.
Panchenko, L. F., Khomiak, A. O., and Pikilnyak, A. V.
(2020). Using Twitter in Ukrainian sociology majors
training. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2643:253–
Panchenko, L. F., Korzhov, H. O., Kolomiiets, T. V., and
Yenin, M. N. (2021). PhD student training: principles
and implementation. Journal of Physics: Conference
Series, 1840(1):012056.
AET 2020 - Symposium on Advances in Educational Technology
Shkurin, D. (2016). Vortex 10 User Manual.
Tatarova, G. G. (2018). Measurements in so-
ciology. Methodological materials by disci-
pline. Federal Research Sociological Cen-
ter of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Tatarova Izmereniya v sociologii 2018 final.pdf.
Tolstova, Y. (2015). Sociology and computer technology.
Sociological studies, (8):3–13.
Tsypin, A. and Sorokin, A. (2016). Statistical software
packages in social and economic researches. Eco-
nomics and Management, (4(17)):379–384.
Tsyuhai, M. V. (2010). Application of information
technology in the applied activities of a sociolo-
gist. Yanka Kupala Grodno State University, Grodno. (2014). National Bank of So-
ciological Accounts ”Kyiv Archive”. https://ukraine.
Modern Information and Communication Technologies in Professional Training of Sociology Students: The Mainstreaming of the Needs
and Significance