The Oral Health Status, Salivary Flow Rate and pH in Hypertensive Patients Who Consume Antihypertensive Drugs in Puskesmas Kasihan I Yogyakarta

Nurvita Risdiana, Eka Nuraeni

Abstract

Prolonged use of antihypertensive drugs causes side effects, especially in oral health status such as glossodynia (burning sensation in the mouth), xerostomia (dry mouth), swollen salivary glands and pain, changes in taste sensation, gingival overgrowth, changes in salivary pH, and decreased Salivary Flow Rate (SFR). Decreases of SFR affect oral health in hypertensive patients who consume antihypertensive drugs routinely. This research aims to determine the oral health status, SFR, and salivary pH in hypertensive patients who consume antihypertensive drugs routinely. This was a quantitative research with a cross-sectional approach. This study included 63 hypertensive patients in public primary care center (Puskesmas) Kasihan I Yogyakarta who consume antihypertensive drugs routinely at least in the last three months. The data of oral health status were collected using The Oral Health Assessment Tools (OHAT). Oral health status data include SFR, and salivary pH. Univariate analysis using frequency distribution and percentage was conducted to describe the oral health status. There is a change of oral health status in the majority of participants (77.5%) with mean ± SD were 6.00 ± 1.33, low SFR (57.7%) with mean ± SD were 0.153 ± 0.047 and salivary pH quite acidic (80.3%) with mean ± SD 6.188 ± 0.127. Most participants have a change of oral health status (77.5%), low SFR (57.7%) and quite acidic salivary pH (80.3%).

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Risdiana N. and Nuraeni E. (2020). The Oral Health Status, Salivary Flow Rate and pH in Hypertensive Patients Who Consume Antihypertensive Drugs in Puskesmas Kasihan I Yogyakarta.In Proceedings of the 1st Jenderal Soedirman International Medical Conference in conjunction with the 5th Annual Scientific Meeting (Temilnas) Consortium of Biomedical Science Indonesia - Volume 1: JIMC, ISBN 978-989-758-499-2, pages 273-277. DOI: 10.5220/0010491302730277


in Bibtex Style

@conference{jimc20,
author={Nurvita Risdiana and Eka Nuraeni},
title={The Oral Health Status, Salivary Flow Rate and pH in Hypertensive Patients Who Consume Antihypertensive Drugs in Puskesmas Kasihan I Yogyakarta},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st Jenderal Soedirman International Medical Conference in conjunction with the 5th Annual Scientific Meeting (Temilnas) Consortium of Biomedical Science Indonesia - Volume 1: JIMC,},
year={2020},
pages={273-277},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010491302730277},
isbn={978-989-758-499-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 1st Jenderal Soedirman International Medical Conference in conjunction with the 5th Annual Scientific Meeting (Temilnas) Consortium of Biomedical Science Indonesia - Volume 1: JIMC,
TI - The Oral Health Status, Salivary Flow Rate and pH in Hypertensive Patients Who Consume Antihypertensive Drugs in Puskesmas Kasihan I Yogyakarta
SN - 978-989-758-499-2
AU - Risdiana N.
AU - Nuraeni E.
PY - 2020
SP - 273
EP - 277
DO - 10.5220/0010491302730277