The Effect of Addition of Blood Cockles (Anadara granosa) Shell Nano-Hydroxyapatite on Hardness of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin

Dian Noviyanti Agus Imam, Ryana Budi Purnama, Aris Aji Kurniawan

Abstract

Blood cockles shell (Anadara granosa) nano-hydroxyapatite (NHA) powder is a bioceramic that can increase the mechanical strength of heat-cured acrylic resin. This study aims to determine the effect of adding NHA powder from blood clam shells on heat-cured acrylic resin's hardness. This type of research used laboratory experimental, research design posttest-only control group design. Twenty-four heat-cured acrylic resin samples were used and divided into three groups: the acrylic resin group with 1%, 3% blood cockles shell NHA, and acrylic resin without NHA with simple random sampling. TEM characterization results showed that NHA had a spherical shape and tended to experience agglomeration. TEM characterization with magnifications ranging from 5,000x to 150,000x and particle sizes ranging from 20 nm to 200 nm. The highest mean value of hardness was in group III at 27.7375 VHN. One-Way ANOVA test on hardness showed a significant difference between groups with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). This study concludes that adding NHA could increase the hardness of heat-cured acrylic resin.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Agus Imam D., Purnama R. and Kurniawan A. (2020). The Effect of Addition of Blood Cockles (Anadara granosa) Shell Nano-Hydroxyapatite on Hardness of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin.In Proceedings of the 1st Jenderal Soedirman International Medical Conference in conjunction with the 5th Annual Scientific Meeting (Temilnas) Consortium of Biomedical Science Indonesia - Volume 1: JIMC, ISBN 978-989-758-499-2, pages 237-240. DOI: 10.5220/0010490602370240


in Bibtex Style

@conference{jimc20,
author={Dian Noviyanti Agus Imam and Ryana Budi Purnama and Aris Aji Kurniawan},
title={The Effect of Addition of Blood Cockles (Anadara granosa) Shell Nano-Hydroxyapatite on Hardness of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st Jenderal Soedirman International Medical Conference in conjunction with the 5th Annual Scientific Meeting (Temilnas) Consortium of Biomedical Science Indonesia - Volume 1: JIMC,},
year={2020},
pages={237-240},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010490602370240},
isbn={978-989-758-499-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 1st Jenderal Soedirman International Medical Conference in conjunction with the 5th Annual Scientific Meeting (Temilnas) Consortium of Biomedical Science Indonesia - Volume 1: JIMC,
TI - The Effect of Addition of Blood Cockles (Anadara granosa) Shell Nano-Hydroxyapatite on Hardness of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin
SN - 978-989-758-499-2
AU - Agus Imam D.
AU - Purnama R.
AU - Kurniawan A.
PY - 2020
SP - 237
EP - 240
DO - 10.5220/0010490602370240