Elongation Optimization of Bioplastic using Response Surface Methodology

Trisita Novianti, Issa Dyah Utami, Heri Awalul Ilhamsah

Abstract

Bio plastics are derived from plant sources such as corn starch, cassava, sugarcane, soybean, banana peel. Bio plastics are environmental friendly and biodegradable, which is a material that can return to its natural state when buried in the ground or soaked in the water. Microorganisms will break down into carbon dioxide and water. The aim of this study was measuring elongation optimization in bio plastic, which made of glycerin and cornstarch as the base material. For calculation, this study was using the surface response method with experimental design with 2 factors (22), and experimental design were 13 experiments. Based on the calculation results, the desirability value for elongation was 18.4. Moreover, the combination of the optimal parameters produced was 0.5 ml glycerin and 3.81 g starch with the optimum elongation was 17.3%. The elongation of commercial plastic bag is 222.5%. The elongation of bioplastic sample in this research were below this number. Moreover, the bioplastic sample, which was made of corn starch, cannot be used as commercial plastic bag. However, it can be used in food packaging, pharmacy, and cosmetic which do not need high elongation, which is around 20% .

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Novianti T., Utami I. and Ilhamsah H. (2020). Elongation Optimization of Bioplastic using Response Surface Methodology.In Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture Heritage, Education, Sustainable Tourism, and Innovation Technologies - Volume 1: CESIT, ISBN 978-989-758-501-2, pages 448-453. DOI: 10.5220/0010313304480453


in Bibtex Style

@conference{cesit20,
author={Trisita Novianti and Issa Dyah Utami and Heri Awalul Ilhamsah},
title={Elongation Optimization of Bioplastic using Response Surface Methodology},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture Heritage, Education, Sustainable Tourism, and Innovation Technologies - Volume 1: CESIT,},
year={2020},
pages={448-453},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010313304480453},
isbn={978-989-758-501-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture Heritage, Education, Sustainable Tourism, and Innovation Technologies - Volume 1: CESIT,
TI - Elongation Optimization of Bioplastic using Response Surface Methodology
SN - 978-989-758-501-2
AU - Novianti T.
AU - Utami I.
AU - Ilhamsah H.
PY - 2020
SP - 448
EP - 453
DO - 10.5220/0010313304480453