Education Mode of Applied Innovative Talents in Higher Vocational
Medical Colleges
Jianrui Yu
Baicheng Medical College, Baicheng, Jilin, 137000, China
Keywords: Medical College, Innovative Talent, Education Mode.
Abstract: Effect of talents cultivation in high vocational medical college has a direct influence on medical achieve-
ment and level of medical worker in future China. The public hopes for advanced and professional health
care. Applied innovative talents are urgent needed. Many higher vocational medical colleges attach im-
portance to cultivation of talents through various means. Facing with many troubles, colleges and teachers
boost cultivation effect with development of students’ source, reinforcement of faculty, improvement of
courses and initiative cooperation. Thus, a scientific integrated mode can be formed for cultivation of ap-
plied innovative talents.
With better employment prospect and social status of
medical worker, medical colleges are popular with
examinees and patriarch. However, higher
vocational medical colleges has received cold
shoulder from the public. Long-term bias and some
flaws of colleges make it ineffective for medical
higher vocational education. Corresponding talents
cultivation is difficult to orderly carry out. With
intention of image-changing, higher vocational
colleges need deep going exploration of running
situation and education mode (Li Qin, 2013). They
should make efforts to achieve the goal of cultivating
professional high-quality talents for society.
2.1 Substandard Enrollment of Higher
Vocational Medical Colleges
With decrease of students’ number, some colleges
recruit very limited students every year, although
colleges in China has greatly lowered threshold of
admission. Moreover, only one child in family is
common in China. Number of students recruited in
any college is hard to achieve expected level. Some
are even difficult to meet with eligibility criteria. In
the field of medical colleges, enrollment in some
well-known undergraduate universities is fever for
their reputation and regular employment provided.
Especially in universities in first-tier cities,
enrollment of students is overfulfilled for relatively
huge demand (Zhu Huifang, 2014). On the contrary,
higher vocational medical colleges are lack of
visibility and reputation for located in the second-tier
or third-tier cities. Additionally, with unsatisfactory
employment, higher vocational colleges are hard to
recruit students. For example, only a quarter of
higher vocational medical colleges in Hebei province
completed their enrollment plans in 2013. Most of
higher vocational colleges are in trouble with
The causes are complicated. Faculty and hardware
conditions cannot satisfy most students and their
parents. Long-term prejudice drive students
selectively ignore higher vocational colleges. Little
attention will be paid, even though colleges make
sufficient preparations for new coming students and
their future developments. Most of higher vocational
colleges attract students with advertising in senior
high school or contacting with students proactively.
But these methods are not long-term solutions.
Yu J.
Education Mode of Applied Innovative Talents in Higher Vocational Medical Colleges.
DOI: 10.5220/0006445601410144
In ISME 2016 - Information Science and Management Engineering IV (ISME 2016), pages 141-144
ISBN: 978-989-758-208-0
2016 by SCITEPRESS Science and Technology Publications, Lda. All rights reserved
Colleges should find internal reasons and effective
solutions, so as to increase enrollment (Wang Feng,
2.2 Single Teaching Mode in Medical
Teachers in medical professional are required to
combine practice with theory in teaching. Students
should learn theoretical knowledge, such as basic
medicine, clinical medicine, preventive medicine and
health medicine. Additionally, students should learn
certain clinical practice skills with overcoming
psychological obstacle in practical. Single teaching
mode is common in most of higher vocational
medical colleges presently. It differs not significantly
from teaching methods of other theoretic disciplines.
Actually, higher vocational medical colleges need
more combination of theory and practice in class. In
the practice, students can master professional skills
later used in the jobs, and can form earnest rigorous
attitude of medicine.
For example, graduates of clinical medical can work
on clinical treatment in community health service
and basic medical places in the future. Graduates are
required to detail understanding of pathogenic
condition, physical condition and demand of
patients. Besides, patients should be treated with a
generous heart and good professional ethics.
Especially for current tense doctor-patient
relationship, students should be trained of reaction
and psychological adjustment ability by teachers.
Thus, students can better adapt to future medical
work. Cultivation of students in medical colleges
involves several aspects such as profession, society
and psychology. Such knowledge or experience
cannot be simply passed on by teachers’ oral
presentations. But most of higher vocational medical
colleges still conservatively carry on this teaching
mode. Students can contradict to or be tired of fixed
mode, thus causing non-ideal teaching effect. Above
all, adjustment and reform of teaching method are
necessary in medical colleges.
2.3 Separated from Practical Problems
in Teaching
For a long time, conservative and relatively stable
medical education has cultivated excellent medical
personnel with solid basic skill and earnest rigorous
attitude for society. However, such relatively static
learning environment and mode imprison creativity
and imagination of students to a certain degree. As a
practical skill, saving lives is the responsibility of
each medical staff. However, conventional methods
are often limited in practical diagnosis and treatment,
affecting efficiency of healing the wounded and
rescuing the dying. For example, some basic medical
service center is equipped with rare devices and
insufficient treatment. Critical patients can only
accept conservative treatment or temporarily pain
relief. Nidus of patient is not able to be removed as
quickly as possible. With some emergencies, patients
cannot be placed reasonably due to limited scale and
quantity of medical infrastructure. Misdiagnosis or
medical accidents can be caused, let alone decrease
of doctor’s efficiency.
The above are practical problems faced by
teachers and students in higher vocational medical
colleges. But most of them pay no attention to the
intractable problems. These problems are not
discussed among students in the teaching, causing no
creative solutions and countermeasures. Teaching is
separated from practical problems existing in the
professional field, with an effect of null. So-called
teaching reform and innovation become castles in the
3.1 Expanding Strength of Teachers
and Optimizing Resource of
Optimization of students is to be achieved by every
college. Sufficient absorption of students represents
strong strength of college. With sufficient students,
more advanced teaching improvement and practice
can be implemented, thus improving teaching quality
and forming good school ethos. Cultivation of
students can be smoothly boosted with more obvious
scale effects.
In recent years, higher vocational medical
colleges have made efforts to train applied
innovative talents. Enough high-quality students and
backbone teachers are required as foundation of all
education reform at first. More attention should be
paid to improve strength of teachers. As a core
competitiveness of colleges, strong faculty can be
formed by detention of outstanding graduates,
external recruitment, internal preferment and further
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education of teachers. Young, vibrant, potential
teachers can contribute to better innovation in higher
vocational medical colleges.
Teachers with outstanding performance in
medical education should be excavated seriously. By
using good salary or benefits, some teachers with
excellent ability and innovation can be attracted as
leaders of innovative talents cultivation. Model
teacher should be broadcasted. Team of teachers can
be encouraged for bold innovation of students’ basic
medical study, clinical practice and career planning.
Teachers should create valuable theoretical tips and
operation methods by combination with actual
situation and cast off traditional framework.
Additionally, teachers can be collectively trained for
changing old thinking and accepting modern
teaching methods and ideas. Teachers’ disconnect
with young students should be avoided, in order to
better guide students to develop new idea into
scientific and standardized innovation. Cultivation of
young teachers should not be ignored for little
generation gap with students. Teachers should
provide students for free loose thinking space.
Students’ innovative ability can be displayed and
exchanged, promoting cultivation of applied
innovative talents.
3.2 Opening Mind and Flexible
Inherent idea should be changed by higher
vocational colleges to cultivate innovative talents at
first. Colleges should try to accept new ideas and
concept popular in modern society. Non-objective
views should be changed. With realistic positioning
of a cradle of talents, college can concentrate on
cultivating students without distractions. Talent
training is a proactive and certain advanced job.
Higher vocational medical colleges are shouldered
with multiple pressures from society, students and
parents. Colleges should open their minds to explore
directions for future teaching.
Change of teaching mode is an important link in
cultivating applied innovative talents.
Communication of students and teachers is mainly
involved in the process of teaching. Students’ ways
of thinking are largely affected by professional
teachers. Especially in medical class, certain
experience or sure conclusions can be passed on by
teachers. But it is not beneficial for flexible teaching
for innovative talents training, although such
knowledge is certainly valuable. Students should
present their own opinions or ideas after completion
of teaching content. Besides, students can gradually
form habits of independent thinking with more time
for autonomous learning. Thus, they can explore
more professional knowledge so as to deal with
various events in future jobs.
Daily class can be transferred into lab, where
students are encouraged to practice. Videos and
lectures can be used to deepen students’
understanding of professional knowledge and future
work. For necessary practice of students, colleges
can achieve contract or agreement with hospital or
other medical institutions. Theoretical or practical
innovations during internship should be
recommended, helping students master a complete
theoretical system or standard operating procedures.
Teachers can also increase assessment points for
encouraging students’ authority awards or
innovations. With the direct stimulation, cultivation
of students’ innovation can be boosted, thus offering
society high-quality medical talents.
3.3 Providing a Wide Range of Support
and Improving Applied Innovation
With weak ability and embarrassing situation in
recent years, higher vocational should look for
support and cooperation from all sides. External
assistance can improve talents cultivation. With
emphasis on colleges’ resources, higher vocational
medical colleges should focus on supportive policies
of China. These policies contribute to more
convenient cooperation with some counterpart
enterprises. Cultivation agreement can be achieved
between colleges and hospitals and medical and
health services center. Relatively stable and “win-
win” cooperation models can be formed, providing
more opportunities for students’ internship and
In addition, colleges and teachers can be inspired
by many academic seminars for talents cultivation.
On the platform, teaching methods can be
communicated among teachers to make common
progress. Sharing of diversified teaching resources
and exchanges with across colleges can be achieved
with intentional colleges during seminars. Scope of
cooperation and influence of colleges can be
Some skills contest among higher vocational
colleges and national professional skills contest can
contribute to cultivating students’ innovation ability.
Competitions can urge students to more actively
explore skills in theory or practice, stimulating their
enthusiasm and motivation of applied innovation.
Education Mode of Applied Innovative Talents in Higher Vocational Medical Colleges
Education Mode of Applied Innovative Talents in Higher Vocational Medical Colleges
Joint effort of teachers and students is the key of
cultivation of applied innovative talents. Innovation
of education mode requires collaboration of teachers
and students, as well. Traditional knowledge in book
is important. But surefooted practice guided by
teachers is also needed for students’ open thinking
and bold innovation concept. Teachers should offer
timely answer or assistance when students have
questions or ideas. Faced with academic
requirements beyond abilities, teachers should ask
for more powerful help from colleges. Academic
institutions are to enrich students’ innovative idea or
method, shaping their senses of accomplishment and
With obvious career orientation, cultivation in
medical colleges is related to future career and
employment of students. They should master
professional medical skills and practice for patients.
Colleges and teachers should gradually emancipate
their minds, paying more attention to faculty
improvement, teaching mode reform and
introduction of more partners. Students, especially in
medical major, can accept most valuable education.
Thus, the modern education goal of applied talents
cultivation can be achieved. Education mode of
cultivating talents in higher vocational colleges can
acquire a completely new outlook.
Li Qin, Ren Liping, Dong Huixia. Understanding of teach-
ing method reform in higher vocational medical col-
leges. Modern Medicine & Health, 2013.
Wang Feng. Four problems of employment of higher voca-
tional medical graduates. Academy, 2011.
Zhu Huifang. Strengthening students clinical practice
abilities in higher vocational medical. Du Shi Jia Jiao,
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