A Plan for Constructing an Information Service System for
Construction Project Management using GIS Information
SeongJin Kim and Hyun Ok
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, Goyang-si, Republic of Korea
Keywords: CALS, GIS, PMIS, Construction Project Information System.
Abstract: Construction Management System provides assistance in the online exchange and sharing of various
documents related to projects, contracts, and processes between government agencies and construction
companies that perform national road and river construction projects. The system is being used for the road
and river construction projects at approximately 500 locations. The recent development of various informa-
tion technologies, including big data, GIS(Geographic Information System), and cloud, has enabled constru-
ction workers to utilize information devices for their work. A plan for improving Construction Management
System was suggested in this study by applying spatial information so that various map-based information
services could be provided to construction workers. The suggested plan is expected to provide workers with
the visual construction status, including the cost, by integrating construction information and spatial infor-
mation, and to reduce the onsite work hours and efforts by providing customized functions for each user.
Construction industry is a national key industry, and
thus, it is being provided with consistent investments
for employment creation, economic growth, and the
improvement of the people’s living conditions.
Construction projects are generally on the rise these
days. While construction technologies are the basic
key elements that can enhance the competitiveness
of construction companies, the recent convergence
of construction and information technologies, such
as Internet of Things(IoT), big data, drones, cloud,
and spatial information, is transforming the
construction industry from the past labor-intensive
industry to a convergence cutting-edge-technology
industry(MSIP, 2013). Especially, the convergence
of construction and Information Technology(IT) is
actively taking place in the areas of low cost and
high efficiency, energy saving,
design/construction/maintenance automation, and
intelligence. The market size of these areas was
KRW3.4 trillion in 2010 and increased to
approximately KRW6 trillion in 2015(KAIA, 2014,
Hwangoo Jeon, 2008).
Construction Management System provides
assistance in the online exchange and sharing of
various documents related to projects, contracts, and
processes between construction companies and
government agencies for the smooth management of
national road and river construction projects, and is
being used in approximately 500 road and river
construction projects. Since its establishment in
2005, the system has managed approximately
300,000 documents and 200,000 reports each year
(JinUk Kim, 2013).
The system, however, is used only for administrative
work, and is not ready to cope with the growing
demand of the users for providing various
information services. Therefore, a plan for
improving the system was suggested in this study to
provide visual construction management services by
utilizing the map-based spatial information among
the recent information technologies. The suggested
plan is expected to shift the system operation
paradigm from information-collection-oriented
system operation to diversified-information-service-
oriented system operation.
The government has been separately operating the
electronic government network being used by the
Kim, S. and Ok, H.
A Plan for Constructing an Information Service System for Construction Project Management using GIS Information.
DOI: 10.5220/0006083102410247
In Proceedings of the 8th International Joint Conference on Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (IC3K 2016) - Volume 3: KMIS, pages 241-247
ISBN: 978-989-758-203-5
2016 by SCITEPRESS Science and Technology Publications, Lda. All rights reserved
Figure 1: Concept of Construction Management System (KICT, 2015).
government and the Internet being used by the
general public since 2000 to strengthen the
information security of the public sector by
separating the public and private information.
Hence, most of the users in the Ministry of Land,
Infrastructure, and Transport(MOLIT) are using two
PCs, one for the electronic government network and
the other for the Internet(MOLIT, 2012).
Construction Management System is being used
by both MOLIT users and private construction
companies, thus having two systems, one for the
government and the other for contractors.
Construction Management System for the
government provides assistance in the online sharing
of various kinds of information, including the
documents and drawings generated from the entire
process of road and river construction projects
between the ordering agencies and construction
companies (design/construction/inspection). The
system provides assistance in the efficient project
management and decision-making of the ordering
agencies by systematically managing the
construction information, such as the onsite
construction status and contract information, and by
monitoring work reports and statistical data in real
time. Construction Management System for
contractors, on the other hand, reduces the work
hours and efficiently assists in the construction
management by enabling the online sharing of
various documents (official documents, design
drawings, etc.) and various work reports between the
construction sites (construction company, inspector,
and design company) and ordering agencies from the
start to the end of a construction project(SeongJin
Kim et al, 2016).
Fig. 1 shows the concept of Construction
Management System. As the two construction mana-
gement systems (the one for the government and the
other for construction corporation contractors) are
separated from each other, real-time data transfer
between the construction sites and MOLIT is
required for sharing information.
Fig. 2 is a screenshot of the information service
of Construction Management System. Based on the
nationwide map imaging, the information and status
of approximately 500 construction projects by
agency and by project progress can be accessed.
Construction Management System, however, is
facing an increasing demand for improvement due to
its text-based information service. The functions of
Construction Management System that require
improvement are as follows. First, most of the
construction project data consist of text- or
document-based construction status and statistical
data, thereby lacking visualized spatial information
and thus making it difficult to share information and
to understand the overall status of the project.
Second, the existing system is focused on
administrative work and data management. Efficient
data sharing and transfer as well as comprehensive
status monitoring are required through the
integration of the future construction project
information and visualized spatial information.
KMIS 2016 - 8th International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing
Table 1: Status of Construction Information Systems.
System Operation Characteristics
Manages road-related infor-mation
in connection with Vworld, and runs
an integra-ted database for the
organic sharing of information
(Integration) One system performs the
integrated management of various data from a
road-related computing system (road ledger,
pavement, bridge, traffic, road slope).
(Remark) Data construction and access are
Inputs and manages facility
information according to the Seoul
City special law
(Management) Manages facility data,
performance certificates, safety diagnosis,
precision inspection results, design drawings,
and various reports (inspection and overall
safety review reports)
(Remark) Administrative-work-oriented
information system for type 1 and 2 facilities
Road Signal
Offers GIS-based road signal
information services
(Overview) Comprehensively manages road
signs for their connectivity, consistency,
visibility, readability, and locations
(Remark) Offers use
-intuitive convenient
functions by managing road sign information
on a GIS electronic map
Portal System
Offers GIS-based geotechnical
information services
(Overview) Systematically manages the
geotechnical information of all lands, and
collects, manages, and utili-zes the
geotechnical information from construction
(Remark) Consistently investigates the
unconstructed geotechnical information of the
public and private sectors, collects data and
constructs a database (DB), improves the
reliability of geotechnical information, and
creates business models for the private sector
Third, comprehensive status information linking
the construction project information and the spatial
information, decision-making assistance, and
various statistical and analysis data need to be
Fourth, although the system spurred progress in
terms of work efficiency as the internal work system
of MOLIT, the introduction and application of GIS
is urgently required to convert the system into a
qualitative-use-oriented one, to improve its functions
and information values, and to obtain synergy with
the spatial information policy of the government and
other areas.
The status and research direction of the domestic
spatial information introduction were investigated in
this study to expand the information service through
the introduction of spatial information.
While the maps before the development of compu-
ters could contain only information on simple
terrains and features, the recent electronic maps can
record attribute information that represents the
natural, social, and economic characteristics as well
as figure data, including terrains and features.
A Plan for Constructing an Information Service System for Construction Project Management using GIS Information
Figure 2: Screenshot of Construction Management
System(Hyun Ok, 2015).
In addition, the electronic maps can be copied
and distributed more easily through the Internet or
various storage media compared to the paper maps,
and their storage is easier as they are in a file format
and are not vulnerable to elongation, distortion, and
deformation(Min-soo Kim, 2010).
Also, overlay analysis using various thematic maps
can provide the data required for decision-making.
Spatial information refers to all the discernible data
on a map, including locations and distribution. It is
classified into figure data and attribute data
according to the data type. Also, it can be classified
into national spatial data or city spatial data
according to the point of view. When spatial data are
seen from the national point of view, they become
national spatial data, which include the terrain,
geographical features, land use, natural environment,
and statistical data. The city spatial data are spatial
data considered in city scales and include roads,
land, houses, water and sewage, gas, and electricity
supply facilities. The industries that produce,
manage, process, distribute, and utilize these spatial
data or integrate them with other information
technologies to build systems and to provide related
services are collectively called “spatial information
industry”(Yong-joon Lee, 2015).
Table 1 shows the status, operation, and
characteristics of the systems using the recent spatial
This study aimed to improve the performance of
Construction Management System based on Vworld,
a spatial-information open platform, to apply spatial
information to the system. Vworld is a high-quality
3D-based open platform that provides various spatial
Table 2: GIS utilization plan by function.
Function Function description Remark
Construction status
Provides real-time construction data and
status onsite
Provides data on the location, ordering
agency, construction company, inspector,
construction period, manager, contract
amount, and progress
Technology data
Provides the work know-how and
quality/safety data of the site
New-technology data, including cost-
saving data
Process data
Provides progress data by space and
section in connection with WBS
Confirms the drawings and design history
data of the site
2D drawing data of the site
Current issue
Reports the issues, delays, and solutions
of the site
Construction issue data
Construction log Construction log data of the site
Meeting contents
Provides the major meeting data of the
Meeting contents
KMIS 2016 - 8th International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing
Figure 3: Service screen of construction management using GIS information(SeongJin Kim et al, 2016).
and administrative data possessed by the public
agencies, including the government and local
governments, through the Web. It provides basic
spatial information, including 3D information, aerial
photographs, and cadastral maps; eight thematic
maps, including land use zones, ground coverage,
and ecological zones; and three types of administra-
tive data, including building information and
officially announced values. The performance of
Construction Management System was sought to be
improved based on these spatial information
The architecture configuration of Construction
Management System is as follows. First, the system
architecture consists of six layers: the linkage layer
connecting to the linked system, the application
layer performing the GIS function, the data layer
storing a construction project DB, the management
layer managing the data, the interface layer
communicating with the system users, and the infra
layer. Second, the introduction of two GIS servers to
Construction Management System according to the
network separation needs to be considered based on
the existing system that uses the cloud system. The
existing construction management DB was utilized,
and a GIS server that specializes in the functions of
the GIS DB server for the government and that for
contractors was considered for the new server. Table
2 shows the spatial information utilization plan by
system function based on this system architecture.
Table 3 shows a construction management
improvement plan using GIS and convergence
technologies, and Fig. 3 shows the service screen
(plan) of Construction Management System using
spatial information according to the aforementioned
utilization and improvement plans.
As an information system that supports the
construction project management of the public
sector, Construction Management System has
provided text-based information services for the past
A Plan for Constructing an Information Service System for Construction Project Management using GIS Information
Table 3: Plan using GIS and convergence technologies.
Function Function description Remark
Design history management
The model history management of the site enables
BIM data modification, history management, and
instantaneous checking of the revisions.
Performance review Verification of the BIM supply system of the site
BIM supply
Performance evaluation
Case analysis and verification of the performance
evaluation using the supplied data
Provides excellent
evaluation cases
Process management using
Checks the 3D progress (AR and VR) and the
delayed process of the site according to the time
Real-time and virtual
Earned-value management
Provides earned-value information according to
the construction progress
Ordering assistance
BIM ordering assistance information for the same
or a similar site
10 years and has had increased user complaints
regarding its fragmentary information services and
utilization. To address such problems, a plan for
improving the system by introducing spatial
information was suggested in this study to provide
visual information services.
The status of the existing construction
management system and of other information
systems that use spatial information was investigated
and analyzed. The considerations for the future
architecture construction of Construction
Management System was suggested, along with GIS
utilization and system improvement plans.
The integration of spatial information into
Construction Management System, as suggested in
this study, is expected to provide the users with the
visual construction status, including the cost, by
integrating the construction information and the
spatial information, to facilitate information search
and to facilitate decision-making through the
analysis of complicated and objective information. It
may also provide various information services using
spatial big data based on the accumulated spatial
Later, when the functions of Construction
Management System will have been improved based
on spatial information, studies on the utilization of
the spatial information based on the big data of the
construction project information will be required.
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A Plan for Constructing an Information Service System for Construction Project Management using GIS Information