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Deep Learning Application for Urban Change Detection from Aerial Images

Topics: Big Data and GIS; Computer Vision Applications; Deep Learning for Urban and Environment Planning; Earth Observation and Satellite Data; Geospatial Information and Technologies; Image Processing and Pattern Recognition; Parallel and Distributed Computation; Spatio-Temporal Data Acquisition; Urban and Regional Planning; Urban Remote Sensing

Authors: Tautvydas Fyleris 1 ; Andrius Kriščiūnas 2 ; Valentas Gružauskas 3 and Dalia Čalnerytė 2

Affiliations: 1 Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Informatics, Department of Software Engineering, Lithuania ; 2 Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Informatics, Department of Applied Informatics, Lithuania ; 3 Kaunas University of Technology, School of Economics and Business, Sustainable Management Research Group, Lithuania

Keyword(s): Urban Change, Aerial Images, Deep Learning, JEL: O18, C45, C55.

Abstract: Urban growth estimation is an essential part of urban planning in order to ensure sustainable regional development. For such purpose, analysis of remote sensing data can be used. The difficulty in analysing a time series of remote sensing data lies in ensuring that the accuracy stays stable in different periods. In this publication, aerial images were analysed for three periods, which lasted for 9 years. The main issues arose due to the different quality of images, which lead to bias between periods. Consequently, this results in difficulties in interpreting whether the urban growth actually happened, or it was identified due to the incorrect segmentation of images. To overcome this issue, datasets were generated to train the convolutional neural network (CNN) and transfer learning technique has been applied. Finally, the results obtained with the created CNN of different periods enable to implement different approaches to detect, analyse and interpret urban changes for the policymak ers and investors on different levels as a map, grid, or contour map. (More)

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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Paper citation in several formats:
Fyleris, T.; Kriščiūnas, A.; Gružauskas, V. and Čalnerytė, D. (2021). Deep Learning Application for Urban Change Detection from Aerial Images. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - GISTAM, ISBN 978-989-758-503-6; ISSN 2184-500X, pages 15-24. DOI: 10.5220/0010415700150024

@conference{gistam21,
author={Tautvydas Fyleris. and Andrius Kriščiūnas. and Valentas Gružauskas. and Dalia Čalnerytė.},
title={Deep Learning Application for Urban Change Detection from Aerial Images},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - GISTAM,},
year={2021},
pages={15-24},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0010415700150024},
isbn={978-989-758-503-6},
issn={2184-500X},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - GISTAM,
TI - Deep Learning Application for Urban Change Detection from Aerial Images
SN - 978-989-758-503-6
IS - 2184-500X
AU - Fyleris, T.
AU - Kriščiūnas, A.
AU - Gružauskas, V.
AU - Čalnerytė, D.
PY - 2021
SP - 15
EP - 24
DO - 10.5220/0010415700150024