Eco-routing: An Ant Colony based Approach

Ahmed Elbery, Hesham Rakha, Mustafa Y. ElNainay, Wassim Drira, Fethi Filali


Global warming, environmental pollution, and fuel shortage are currently major worldwide challenges. Eco-routing is one of several tools that attempt to address this challenge by minimizing network-wide vehicle fuel consumption and emission levels. Eco-routing systems select the most environmentally friendly route. The subpopulation feedback eco-routing (SPF-ECO) algorithm that is implemented in the INTEGRATION software can produce a reduction in fuel consumption levels by approximately 17%. However, in some cases, due to delayed updates or the lack for updates, its performance degrades. In this paper, we propose the ant colony based eco-routing technique (ACO-ECO), which is a novel feedback eco-routing and cost updating algorithm to overcome these shortcomings. In the ACO-ECO algorithm, real-time performance measures on various roadway links are shared. Vehicles build their minimum path routes using the latest real-time information to minimize their fuel consumption and emission levels. ACO-ECO is also able to capture randomness in route selection, pheromone updating, and pheromone evaporation. The results show that the ACO-ECO algorithm and SPF-ECO have similar performances in normal cases. However, in the case of link blocking, the ACO-ECO algorithm reduces the network-wide fuel consumption and CO2 emission levels in the range of 2.3% to 6.0%. It also reduces the average trip time by approximately 3.6% to 14.0%.


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Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Elbery A., Rakha H., ElNainay M., Drira W. and Filali F. (2016). Eco-routing: An Ant Colony based Approach . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS, ISBN 978-989-758-185-4, pages 31-38. DOI: 10.5220/0005778900310038

in Bibtex Style

author={Ahmed Elbery and Hesham Rakha and Mustafa Y. ElNainay and Wassim Drira and Fethi Filali},
title={Eco-routing: An Ant Colony based Approach},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,
TI - Eco-routing: An Ant Colony based Approach
SN - 978-989-758-185-4
AU - Elbery A.
AU - Rakha H.
AU - ElNainay M.
AU - Drira W.
AU - Filali F.
PY - 2016
SP - 31
EP - 38
DO - 10.5220/0005778900310038