Supporting Distance and Flexible Education - Challenges in the Design and Development of Online Learning Resources

Mihai Dupac


In This Study, the Challenges in the Design, Development and Implementation of Online Learning Resources to Support a First Year Distance/Flexible Education Students for Their Final Assessment in an a Computer Aided Engineering Design (CAD) Class Have Been Considered. since a Majority of the Flexible/Distance Learning Students Are Active Workers (Mature Students Involved in Different Industrial Sectors) They Want to Gain the Appropriate Skills and Practical Knowledge They Need for Their Careers. It Is Quite Evident That the Provided Resources Should Meet Student Expectations and Improve Their Academic, Transferable and Employability Skills. in This Regard, the Learning Resources Should Be Developed Considering the Actual Challenges in Delivering a Good Engineering Education, Unit Specification and Students Difficulties (Identified through the Received Feedback) in following and Fully Understanding Some of the Guided Reading. Questions regarding the Level at Which the Mathematical Theory Should Be Taught in the Class, as Well as the Amount of Engineering Knowledge the Students Should Gain, Should Be Considered. the Use of CAD Simulation Software - Very Effective in Delivering Technical Subjects and Self-Directed Learning - Should Be Considered for Improving Student’s Computer Knowledge and Abilities They Should Develop along the Learning Process. the Study Illustrates the Challenges in the Design and Development of Engineering Learning Resources - Complex Engineering Problems Which Would Traditionally Involve a Classical Form of Instruction - Generated as Electronic Documents outside the Traditional Learning Environment. the Study Presents Learning Strategies and Shows That Computer Simulations and Visualization Represents Powerful Tools in Self-Directed Learning. to Validate the Findings, an Evaluation Procedure Was Considered.


  1. Boling, E.C., Hough, M., Krinsky,, H., Saleem, H., Stevens, M., 2012. Cutting the distance in distance education: Perspectives on what promotes positive, online learning experiences, Internet and Higher Education, 15, 118-126.
  2. Bradley, R.V., Sankar, C.S., Clayton, H.R., Mbarika, V., Raju, P.K., 2007. A Study on the Impact of GPA on Perceived Improvement of Higher-Order Cognitive Skills, Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, (5) 1, pp. 151-168.
  3. Bransford, J.B., Sherwood, R.D., Hasselbring, T.S., Kinzer, C.K., Williams, S.M., 1990. Anchored instruction: why we need it and how technology can help. In: D. Nix & R. J. Spiro (Eds.), Cognition, education, and multimedia: Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
  4. Crede, E., Borrego, M., 2012. International Diversity and Student Engagement in Graduate Engineering Research Groups, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 56(8), 141-152.
  5. Feisal, D.L., Rosa, J.A., 2005. The role of the laboratory in undergraduate engineering education, Journal of Engineering Education, 94 (1), 121-130.
  6. Ferrer, E., Kirschning., I., 2014. A Methodology for the Development of Distance Learning Tasks Adaptable to the Student's Learning Style, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 141 ( 2014 ) 518 - 523.
  7. Hahn, B., Valentine, D., 2009. Essential Matlab for Engineers and Scientists, Academic Press.
  8. Gibbons, A., Fairweather, P., 1998. Computer-based instruction: Design and development, Educational Technology Publications, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
  9. Goodhew, P., 2012. Teaching Engineering: Can we do it better? In Proceedings of 4th International Symposium for Engineering Education, University of Sheffield, 19th-20th July, 2012, UK, Ed. P Kapranos & D Brabazon, 201, .pp 1-7.
  10. Gibbs, G. Ed., 1994. Improving Student Learning Through Assessment and Evaluation, Oxford Brooks University.
  11. Guzdial, M., Soloway, E., 2002. Teaching the Nintendo Generation to Program, Communications of the ACM, (45) 4, pp. 17-21.
  12. Hassan, M., 2000. Toward Re-Engineering Models and Algorithms of Facility Layout, Omega, 28 (6), pp. 711-723.
  13. Ibrahim, D., 2011. Engineering simulation with MATLAB: improving teaching and learning effectiveness, Procedia Computer Science 3, 853-858.
  14. Kattan, P., 2008. MATLAB Guide to Finite Elements: An Interactive Approach, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
  15. Kulik, J.A., Kulik, C.-L., Bangert, R.L., 1984. Effects of practice on aptitude and achievement test scores, American Educational Research Journal, 21(2), 435- 447.
  16. Kurowski, P., 2014. Engineering Analysis with SolidWorks Simulation, SDC Publications.
  17. Lee, H.-H., 2014. Mechanics of Materials Labs with SolidWorks Simulation, SDC Publications.
  18. LITEE, Laboratory for Innovative Technology and Engineering Education, Macdonald, J., Weller, M., Mason, R., 2002. Meeting the assessment demands of networked courses, International Journal on E-learning, 1(1), 9-18.
  19. Madden, M.E., Baxter, M., Beauchamp, H., Bouchard, K., Habermas, D., Huff, M., Ladd, B., Pearon, J., Plague, G., 2013. Rethinking STEM Education: An Interdisciplinary STEAM Curriculum, Procedia Computer Science, 20, 541-546.
  20. Mbarika, V., Sankar, C.S., Raju P. K., Raymond J., 2001. Importance of Learning-Driven Constructs on Perceived Skill Development when Using Multimedia Instructional Materials, Journal of Educational Technology Systems (29) 1, pp. 67-87.
  21. Oliver, R., Omari, A., 1999. Investigating Implementation Strategies for WWW-based Learning Environments, International Journal of Instructional Media (25) 2, pp. 121-136.
  22. Porter, W.W., Graham, C.R., Spring, K.A., Welch, K.R., 2014. Blended learning in higher education: Institutional adoption and implementation, Computers & Education, 75, 185-195.
  23. Raju, P.K., Sankar, C.S., 1999. Impact of Case Studies in Improving Engineering Education, Invited paper by the Journal Creatividad Education, Y Desarrollo, Chile.
  24. ISSUU Fall Magazine, 2013. Flipping the classroom, Accessed on 15 April 2015: gazine.
  25. Spiro, R.J., Jehng J.-C., 1990. Cognitive flexibility and hypertext: theory and technology for the nonlinear and multidimensional traversal of complex subject matter. In: Don Nix, Rand Spiro (Hrsg.): Cognition, education, multimedia, Hillsdale, 163-205.
  26. Spiro, R., Nix, D. (Hrsg.), 1990. Cognition, education and multimedia: exploring ideas in higher education, Hillsdale, 115-141.
  27. Sankar, C.S., Clayton, H., 2010. An Evaluation of Use of Multimedia Case Studies to Improve an Introduction to Information Technology Course, International Journal of Information Communication and Technology Education, 6(3): 25-37.
  28. Sankar, C.S., Varma, V., and Raju, P.K., 2008. Use of Case Studies in Engineering Education: Assessment of Changes in Cognitive Skills ASCE Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education & Practice, 134(3), 287-296.
  29. Snooks, M. K., 2004. Using practice tests on a regular basis to improve student learning, New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 100, 109-113.
  30. Tan, Y., Thoen, W., 2000. INCAS: A Legal Expert System for Contract Terms in Electronic Commerce. Decision Support Systems. 29 (4), 349-411.
  31. Tiernan, P., 2010. Enhancing the learning experience of undergraduate technology students with LabVIEW™ software, Computers & Education, 55(4), 1579-1588.
  32. UKPSF, UKPSF_2011.pdf.
  33. Weller, M., 2002. Delivering Learning on the Net, Kogan Page, London.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Dupac M. (2015). Supporting Distance and Flexible Education - Challenges in the Design and Development of Online Learning Resources . In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-758-108-3, pages 491-496. DOI: 10.5220/0005454804910496

in Bibtex Style

author={Mihai Dupac},
title={Supporting Distance and Flexible Education - Challenges in the Design and Development of Online Learning Resources},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,
TI - Supporting Distance and Flexible Education - Challenges in the Design and Development of Online Learning Resources
SN - 978-989-758-108-3
AU - Dupac M.
PY - 2015
SP - 491
EP - 496
DO - 10.5220/0005454804910496