Isabela Gasparini, Ana Marilza Pernas, Amel Bouzeghoub, José Palazzo M. de Oliveira, José Valdeni de Lima, Marcelo S. Pimenta


Although there are several approaches for adaptive e-learning systems, they focus mainly on technological and/or networking aspects without taking into account other contextual aspects, such as cultural and peda-gogical context. This paper presents a context-aware situation-dependent personalization approach designed for an adaptive e-learning system called AdaptWeb®, based on a rich context model as an extension to student modeling.


  1. Abarca, M., Alarcon, R., Barria, R., Fuller, D. 2006. Context-Based e-Learning Composition and Adaptation. OTM Workshops (2), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems, pp. 1976-1985.
  2. Barbosa, D. N. F., et al. 2006. Learning in a Large-Scale Pervasive Environment. Proc. 4th IEEE Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, (PERCOM), pp. 226-230.
  3. Blanchard, E.G., Mizoguchi, R. 2008. Designing Culturally-Aware Tutoring Systems: Towards an Upper Ontology of Culture. Workshop on Culturally-Aware Tutoring Systems (CATS), ITS 2008, pp 23-34.
  4. Bossard, A. 2008. Ontology-Based Cultural Personalization in Mobile Applications. Thesis, Department of Informatics, University of Zurich.
  5. Bouzeghoub, A., Do Ngoc, K. 2008. A situation based meta-data for describing pervasive learning objects. 1st International Conference on Mobile Learning , University of Wolverhampton, Ironbridge, UK.
  6. Brown,E. J.; Brailsford, T. J.; Fisher, T.; Moore , A. Evaluating Learning Style Personalization in Adaptive Systems: Quantitative Methods and Approaches. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, IEEE Computer Society, 2009, 2, 10-22.
  7. Brusilovsky, P., Míllan, E. 2007. User Models for Adaptive Hypermedia and Adaptive Educational Systems. The Adaptive Web, 4321, 3-53.
  8. Chandramouli, K., Stewart, C., Brailsford, T., Izquierdo, E. 2008. CAE-L: An Ontology Modelling Cultural Behaviour in Adaptive Education. 3th International Workshop on Semantic Media Adaptation and Personalization, IEEE Computer Society, 183- 188.
  9. Dockhorn Costa, P., Almeida, J., Pires, L., van Sinderen, M. 2007. Situation Specification and Realization in Rule-Based Context-Aware Applications. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems, 7th IFIP WG 6.1, DAIS 2007, Paphos, Cyprus, pp. 32-47.
  10. Dockhorn Costa, P., Guizzardi, G., Almeida, J., Pires, L., van Sinderen, M. 2006. Situations in Conceptual Modeling of Context. EDOCW 7806: Proc. 10th IEEE on International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops.
  11. Eyharabide, V., Amandi, A. 2008. Semantic spam filtering from personalized ontologies. JWE - Journal of Web Engineering, Rinton Press, 7 (2), 158-176.
  12. Eyharabide, V., Gasparini, I., Schiaffino, S.N., Pimenta, M.S., Amandi, A. 2009. Personalized e-learning environments: Considering students' contexts. Education and Technology for a Better World, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, vol 302, pp 48-57.
  13. Freitas, V. de, Marçal, V. P., Gasparini, I., et al. 2002. AdaptWeb: an Adaptive Web-based Courseware. International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Education (ICTE).
  14. Ford, N., Chen, S. Y. 2000. Individual Differences, Hypermedia Navigation, and Learning: An Empirical Study. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 9(4), 281-311.
  15. Felder, R. M., Brent, R. 2005. Understanding Student Differences. J. Engr. Education, 94 (1), 57-72.
  16. Gasparini, Isabela, Pimenta, Marcelo S, Palazzo M. de Oliveira, José, Kemczinski, Avanilde. 2010. Usability in an Adaptive e-Learning Environment: Lessons from AdaptWeb. IEEE Learning Technology Newsletter, v.12, p.13 - 15.
  17. Goldberg, L. R. 1993. The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48, 26-34.
  18. Hofstede, G. 1991. Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. New York: McGraw-Gill.
  19. IEEE. 2002. Draft Standard for Learning Object Metadata. Available: http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/files/ LOM_1484_12_1_v1_Final_Draft.pdf
  20. ISO 9241. 1998. Ergonomics requirements for office with visual display terminals (VDTs).
  21. MOBIlearn, 2003, MOBIlearn final report, viewed January 2007, http://www.mobilearn.org
  22. Motz, R., Guzmán, J., Deco, C., Bender, C. 2005. Applying Ontologies to Educational Resources Retrieval driven by Cultural Aspects, Journal of Computer Science & Technology (JCS&T), 5 (4), pp 279 - 284.
  23. Pernas, A M., Gasparini, I, Bouzeghoub,Al, Pimenta, M S., Wives, L K., Palazzo M. de Oliveira, J. 2010. From an e-Learning to an u-Learning Environment, 2nd International Conference on Computer Supported Education (CSEDU), Valencia, Spain, vol 1.
  24. Reinecke, K., Bernstein, A. 2008. Predicting user interface preferences of culturally ambiguous users. CHI 7808: CHI 7808 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 3261-3266.
  25. Reinecke, K , Bernstein, A. 2007. Culturally Adaptive Software: Moving Beyond Internationalization, HCI.
  26. Reinecke, K., Reif, G., Bernstein, A.2007. Cultural User Modeling With CUMO: An Approach to Overcome the Personalization Bootstrapping Problem. Workshop on Cultural Heritage on the Semantic Web, ISWC.
  27. Sharples, M., Taylor, J., Vavoula, G. 2007. A Theory of Learning for the Mobile Age, In R. Andrews and C. Haythornthwaite (eds.) The Sage Handbook of Elearning Research. London: Sage, pp. 221-47.
  28. Sieg, A; Mobasher, B; Burke, R. 2007. Representing Context in Web Search with Ontological User Profiles. LNCS, Modeling and Using Context, v. 4635, pp 439- 452, Springer.
  29. Souto, Maria Aparecida Martins, Verdin, Regina, Souza, K. B., Zanella, R., Nicolao, Mariano, Madeira, Milton J. P., Vicari, Rosa Maria, Palazzo M. de Oliveira, J. 2002. Web Adaptive Training System bases on Cognitive Student Style In: IFIP World Computer Conference , Montreal, 25-30 Ago. Proceedings. p.281 - 288
  30. Tetchueng, J. L., Garlatti, S., Laube, S. 2007. A Didacticbased Model of Scenarios for Designing an Adaptive and Context-Aware Learning System, Proc. of the IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 723-726.
  31. Ullrich, C. 2008, Pedagogically Founded Courseware Generation for Web-Based Learning -- An HTNPlanning-Based Approach Implemented in PAIGOS, September, 2008. Vol. 5260 Springer-Verlag.
  32. Yang, S.J.H.; Huang, A.P.M.; Rick Chen; ShianShyong Tseng; Yen-Shih Shen. 2006. Context Model and Context Acquisition for Ubiquitous Content Access in ULearning Environments, Proc. IEEE International Conference on Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous, and Trustworthy Computing, 2, pp. 78-83.
  33. Zaharias, P. 2008. Cross-Cultural Differences in Perceptions of leaning Usability: An Empirical Investigation. International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction, 4 (3), IGI Global.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Gasparini I., Marilza Pernas A., Bouzeghoub A., Palazzo M. de Oliveira J., Valdeni de Lima J. and S. Pimenta M. (2011). TAKING RICH CONTEXT AND SITUATION IN ACCOUNT FOR IMPROVING AN ADAPTIVE E-LEARNING SYSTEM . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-8425-49-2, pages 165-172. DOI: 10.5220/0003291001650172

in Bibtex Style

author={Isabela Gasparini and Ana Marilza Pernas and Amel Bouzeghoub and José Palazzo M. de Oliveira and José Valdeni de Lima and Marcelo S. Pimenta},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,
SN - 978-989-8425-49-2
AU - Gasparini I.
AU - Marilza Pernas A.
AU - Bouzeghoub A.
AU - Palazzo M. de Oliveira J.
AU - Valdeni de Lima J.
AU - S. Pimenta M.
PY - 2011
SP - 165
EP - 172
DO - 10.5220/0003291001650172