PROTECTION OF CLINICAL DATA - Comparison of European with American Legislation and Respective Technological Applicability

C. Pereira, C. Oliveira, C. Vilaça, A. Ferreira

Abstract

The use of computer applications in health services is essential but difficult to make it right. The challenge is to balance two values: the free access to patient sensitive and personal information and the protection of the privacy and confidentiality of the patient. The European Union and the United States tried to solve this challenge by implementing legislation on the protection of clinical data. The European legislation is comprehensive and regulated by Supervisors and each Member State creates its own legislation in accordance with the Recommendations. On the other hand, the American legislation is specific, the organizations have a self-regulatory system and each state creates the State Law which is governed by Federal Law. The aim of this paper is to compare the European legislation - “Recommendation No R (97)5”with the American legislation – “Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act” at the level of information security in healthcare, regarding new security technologies and mechanisms applied in the area of safety monitoring of clinical data. Both legislations are neutral concerning the selection of technology that the State wants to use. These laws must be adaptive to the changing technology, to ensure patients’ privacy under any circumstance.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Pereira C., Oliveira C., Vilaça C. and Ferreira A. (2011). PROTECTION OF CLINICAL DATA - Comparison of European with American Legislation and Respective Technological Applicability . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Health Informatics - Volume 1: HEALTHINF, (BIOSTEC 2011) ISBN 978-989-8425-34-8, pages 567-570. DOI: 10.5220/0003165505670570


in Bibtex Style

@conference{healthinf11,
author={C. Pereira and C. Oliveira and C. Vilaça and A. Ferreira},
title={PROTECTION OF CLINICAL DATA - Comparison of European with American Legislation and Respective Technological Applicability },
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Health Informatics - Volume 1: HEALTHINF, (BIOSTEC 2011)},
year={2011},
pages={567-570},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003165505670570},
isbn={978-989-8425-34-8},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Health Informatics - Volume 1: HEALTHINF, (BIOSTEC 2011)
TI - PROTECTION OF CLINICAL DATA - Comparison of European with American Legislation and Respective Technological Applicability
SN - 978-989-8425-34-8
AU - Pereira C.
AU - Oliveira C.
AU - Vilaça C.
AU - Ferreira A.
PY - 2011
SP - 567
EP - 570
DO - 10.5220/0003165505670570