Validated Assessment of Gait Sub-Phase Durations in Older Adults using an Accelerometer-based Ambulatory System

Mohamed Boutaayamou, Sophie Gillain, Cédric Schwartz, Vincent Denoël, Jean Petermans, Jean-Louis Croisier, Bénédicte Forthomme, Jacques G. Verly, Olivier Brüls, Gaëtan Garraux

Abstract

Validated extraction of gait sub-phase durations using an ambulatory accelerometer-based system is a current unmet need to quantify subtle changes during the walking of older adults. In this paper, we describe (1) a signal processing algorithm to automatically extract not only durations of stride, stance, swing, and double support phases, but also durations of sub-phases that refine the stance and swing phases from foot-worn accelerometer signals in comfortable walking of older adults, and (2) the validation of this extraction using reference data provided by a gold standard system. The results show that we achieve a high agreement between our method and the reference method in the extraction of (1) the temporal gait events involved in the estimation of the phase/sub-phase durations, namely heel strike (HS), toe strike (TS), toe-off (TO), maximum of heel clearance (MHC), and maximum of toe clearance (MTC), with an accuracy and precision that range from ‒3.6 ms to 4.0 ms, and 6.5 ms to 12.0 ms, respectively, and (2) the gait phase/sub-phase durations, namely stride, stance, swing, double support phases, and HS to TS, TO to MHC, MHC to MTC, and MTC to HS sub-phases, with an accuracy and precision that range from ‒4 ms to 5 ms, and 9 ms to 15 ms, respectively, in comfortable walking of a thirty-eight older adults ( (mean ± standard deviation) 71.0 ± 4.1 years old). This demonstrates that the developed accelerometer-based algorithm can extract validated temporal gait events and phase/sub-phase durations, in comfortable walking of older adults, with a promising degree of accuracy/precision compared to reference data, warranting further studies.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Boutaayamou M., Gillain S., Schwartz C., Denoël V., Petermans J., Croisier J., Forthomme B., Verly J., Brüls O. and Garraux G. (2018). Validated Assessment of Gait Sub-Phase Durations in Older Adults using an Accelerometer-based Ambulatory System.In Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3: BIOSIGNALS, ISBN 978-989-758-279-0, pages 248-255. DOI: 10.5220/0006716202480255


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biosignals18,
author={Mohamed Boutaayamou and Sophie Gillain and Cédric Schwartz and Vincent Denoël and Jean Petermans and Jean-Louis Croisier and Bénédicte Forthomme and Jacques G. Verly and Olivier Brüls and Gaëtan Garraux},
title={Validated Assessment of Gait Sub-Phase Durations in Older Adults using an Accelerometer-based Ambulatory System},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3: BIOSIGNALS,},
year={2018},
pages={248-255},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006716202480255},
isbn={978-989-758-279-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3: BIOSIGNALS,
TI - Validated Assessment of Gait Sub-Phase Durations in Older Adults using an Accelerometer-based Ambulatory System
SN - 978-989-758-279-0
AU - Boutaayamou M.
AU - Gillain S.
AU - Schwartz C.
AU - Denoël V.
AU - Petermans J.
AU - Croisier J.
AU - Forthomme B.
AU - Verly J.
AU - Brüls O.
AU - Garraux G.
PY - 2018
SP - 248
EP - 255
DO - 10.5220/0006716202480255