Real Time Mortality Risk Prediction: A Convolutional Neural Network Approach

Landon Brand, Aditya Patel, Izzatbir Singh, Clayton Brand

Abstract

Machine Learning in Healthcare shows great promise, but is often difficult to implement due to difficulties in collecting data. We used a 1-dimensional convolutional neural network(CNN) on limited data to show a practical application of deep learning in healthcare. We used only vital signs data that can be collected from low cost, readily available hardware designed for non-critical care settings, and a dynamic model that updates as more data is collected over time. Our data is derived from the MIMIC dataset. We use 320 patients for testing and 2,990 for training the model. The CNN model predicted mortalities with up to a 76.3% accuracy, and outperformed both recurrent neural network and multi-layer perceptron models. To our knowledge, the proposed methodology is the first of its kind to predict mortality risk scores based on only heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure, three easily collectible data.

References

Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Brand L., Patel A., Singh I. and Brand C. (2018). Real Time Mortality Risk Prediction: A Convolutional Neural Network Approach.In Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 5: HEALTHINF, ISBN 978-989-758-281-3, pages 463-470. DOI: 10.5220/0006596204630470


in Bibtex Style

@conference{healthinf18,
author={Landon Brand and Aditya Patel and Izzatbir Singh and Clayton Brand},
title={Real Time Mortality Risk Prediction: A Convolutional Neural Network Approach},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 5: HEALTHINF,},
year={2018},
pages={463-470},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006596204630470},
isbn={978-989-758-281-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 5: HEALTHINF,
TI - Real Time Mortality Risk Prediction: A Convolutional Neural Network Approach
SN - 978-989-758-281-3
AU - Brand L.
AU - Patel A.
AU - Singh I.
AU - Brand C.
PY - 2018
SP - 463
EP - 470
DO - 10.5220/0006596204630470