Wearable Technology in the Study of Raynaud’s Phenomena - Ascertainment of the Potential Impact of Wearable Technology on Raynaud’s Phenomena Utilizing Data

Isobel Taylor, Heitor Alvelos, Susana Barreto, Pedro L. Granja

Abstract

Can wearable technology aid in the study of Raynaud’s Phenomena? Raynaud’s phenomena (RP) affects 3-20% of the Population worldwide. RP is the vasoconstriction of the microvascular system in the extremities, such as the digits, in response to cold exposure or emotional stress. The prime quotidian problems for sufferers are: ischemia to the extremities, the pain this causes, loss of fine pincer movements and the aesthetics. The initial symptom of an RP attack is often numbness; this is not always noticed by the individual with RP.The faster the attack is identified the sooner the individual can attempt to re-establish blood flow, therefore shortening the time the tissue has been starved of nutrients. Current options include Pharmaceutics which have side effects from headaches to bleeding in the brain along with problems in cross drug interactions. Whilst available wearables such as ski gloves and heat focused garments limit function and dexterity they also have a lack of data of the impact these have. The presupposition is that a wearable data collection device could create a database to aid in the understanding of the condition itself as well as any wearable or pharmaceuticals impact. The PhD research continues from the researcher’s MRes in Digital Media that questioned whether an RP attack could be detected with a temperature sensor. The study showed positive results which included taking the skin surface and environmental temperatures of predicting attacks initiating from data changes. The research will be advanced by focusing on data gathering, for an accurate device, improving the calculations involved. The aim is to create a device/ system to extract data from the skin concomitant with external data including weather reports and geo location incorporated through exploitation of a smart phone for data gathering and assessment over time. Interest also lies in how a designer can impact the implementation of the research. The research will centre on Primary Raynaud’s Phenomena, PRP, in the fingers with the potential this could be used in cases of Secondary Raynaud’s Phenomena, SRP, and other effected extremities.

References

  1. Americasgreatestmakerscom. (2016). America's Greatest Makers. Retrieved 1 July, 2016, from https:// www.americasgreatestmakers.com/
  2. Evenson, K, Goto, M & Furberg, R. (2015). Systematic review of the validity and reliability of consumerwearable activity trackers. PLOS medicine, 159(12).
  3. Herz J.C, (2014), Wired, 'Wearables totally failing the people who need them most' [online] Available at: http://www.wired.com/2014/11/where-fitnesstrackers-fail/ [Accessed June 18, 2015]
  4. Murray, A., Pauling, J.D. (2015): Raynauds Phenomenon: A Guide to Pathogenesis and
  5. Nhs uk. (2015). Wwwnhsuk. Retrieved 29 June, 2016, from http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Raynaudsphenomenon/ Pages/Introduction.aspx
  6. Pauling, JD. (2013) Evaluating Digital Vascular Perfusion and Platelet Dysfunction in Raynauds Phenomenon and Systemic Sclerosis. Doctoral dissertation, University of Bath.
  7. Piwek et al.. (2016). The Rise of Consumer Health Wearables: Promises and Barriers. PLOS medicine,13(2), .
  8. Raynauds org. (2009). The Raynaud's Association. Retrieved 29 June, 2016, from http:// www.raynauds.org/living-with-raynauds/
  9. Sruk. (2016). Research news. Retrieved December 29, 2016, from https://www.sruk.co.uk/research/researchnews/
  10. Studio-xocom. (2016). Studio-xocom. Retrieved 1 July, 2016, from http://www.studio-xo.com/
  11. Ugincius, L. (2016, December 29). Engineering students design thermoregulated gloves that help people with Raynaud's disease, including one of their own. Retrieved December 29, 2016, from https:// news.vcu.edu/article/Engineering_students_design_the rmoregulated_gloves_that_help
  12. Wigley, F.M, Herrick, A.L & Flavahan, N.A. (2015). Raynaud's Phenomenon: A Guide to Pathogenesis and Treatment. : Springer.
  13. Wilson, A., (2011), Pira International Ltd, 'The Future of Smart Fabrics Market and Technology Forecasts to 202178. UK: Pira International Ltd.
  14. Ziegler-Graham, K., et al. (2008) Estimating the prevalence of Limb Loss in the United States: 2005 to 2050. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:422-9.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Taylor I., Alvelos H., Barreto S. and L. Granja P. (2017). Wearable Technology in the Study of Raynaud’s Phenomena - Ascertainment of the Potential Impact of Wearable Technology on Raynaud’s Phenomena Utilizing Data . In Doctoral Consortium - DCBIOSTEC, (BIOSTEC 2017) ISBN , pages 26-31


in Bibtex Style

@conference{dcbiostec17,
author={Isobel Taylor and Heitor Alvelos and Susana Barreto and Pedro L. Granja},
title={Wearable Technology in the Study of Raynaud’s Phenomena - Ascertainment of the Potential Impact of Wearable Technology on Raynaud’s Phenomena Utilizing Data},
booktitle={Doctoral Consortium - DCBIOSTEC, (BIOSTEC 2017)},
year={2017},
pages={26-31},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={},
isbn={},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Doctoral Consortium - DCBIOSTEC, (BIOSTEC 2017)
TI - Wearable Technology in the Study of Raynaud’s Phenomena - Ascertainment of the Potential Impact of Wearable Technology on Raynaud’s Phenomena Utilizing Data
SN -
AU - Taylor I.
AU - Alvelos H.
AU - Barreto S.
AU - L. Granja P.
PY - 2017
SP - 26
EP - 31
DO -