Open Data Sources for 3D Data Visualisation - Generating 3D Worlds based on OpenStreetMaps Data

Almar Joling

Abstract

Georeferenced data is becoming increasingly more available through open source licenses. In this paper, an approach is explained to build a real-time interactive 3D virtual world using the Unity 3D engine by using the freely available OpenStreetMaps data. This virtual environment can serve as a base for the visualisations of spatial and georeferenced data. By making use of OpenStreetMaps this virtual environment can be kept up to date with changes in the world. This paper provides an introduction to OpenStreetMaps, discusses some of the challenges and provides examples how to process this data in order to generate a virtual environment.

References

  1. Actionstreetmap.github.io. (2016). ActionStreetMap. Available at: https://actionstreetmap.github.io/demo/ (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  2. BinomialLLC/crunch. (2016). BinomialLLC/crunch. Available at: https://github.com/BinomialLLC/crunch (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  3. Ctbuh.org. (2016). Calculating the height of a tall building where only the number of stories is known. Available at:http://www.ctbuh.org/HighRiseInfo/TallestDatabase /Criteria/HeightCalculator/tabid/1007/language/enGB/Default.aspx (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  4. Download.geofabrik.de. (2016). Download.geofabrik.de. Available at: http://download.geofabrik.de (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  5. F4map Demo - Interactive 3D map. (2016). F4map Demo - Interactive 3D map. Available at: http://demo.f4map.com/ (Accessed 18 Oct. 2016).
  6. Garmin.openstreetmap.nl. (2016). Free worldwide Garmin maps from OpenStreetMap. Available at: http://garmin.openstreetmap.nl/ (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  7. Garland, M. and Heckbert, P. (1995). Fast Polygonal Approximation of Terrains and Height Fields.
  8. Gdal.org. (2016). GDAL: ogr2ogr. Available at: http://www.gdal.org/ogr2ogr.html (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  9. Hotosm.org. (2016). Projects | Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team. Available at: https://hotosm.org/projects (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  10. Kärkkäinen, S. (2016). Tactile Maps Easily | Touch Mapper. Touch Mapper - Tactile Maps for the Visually Impaired. Available at: https://touchmapper.org (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  11. Knerr, T. (2016). OSM2World. Osm2world.org. Available at: http://osm2world.org/ (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  12. OpenStreetMap. (2016). OpenStreetMap. Available at: http://www.openstreetmap.org/about (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  13. Openstreetmapdata.com. (2016). Coastline datasets | Data | OpenStreetMapData. Available at: http://openstreet mapdata.com/data/coast (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  14. Osmbuildings.github.io. (2016). OSMBuildings Index. Available at: http://osmbuildings.github.io/ OSMBuildings/ (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  15. Osmfilter - OpenStreetMap Wiki. (2016). Osmfilter - OpenStreetMap Wiki. Available at: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Osmfilter (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  16. Osmand.net. (2016). OsmAnd - Offline Mobile Maps and Navigation. Available at: http://osmand.net/features (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  17. Maperitive.net. (2016). Maperitive. Available at: http://maperitive.net/ (Accessed 18 Oct. 2016).
  18. Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. (2016). Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Available at: http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm/ (Accessed 18 Oct. 2016).
  19. Gaia-gis.it. (2016). spatialite-tools: spatialite-tools. Available at: https://www.gaia-gis.it/fossil/spatialitetools/index (Accessed 20 Oct. 2016).
  20. speps/LibTessDotNet. (2016). speps/LibTessDotNet. Available at: https://github.com/speps/LibTessDotNet (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  21. Stats - OpenStreetMap Wiki. (2016). Stats - OpenStreetMap Wiki. Available at: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Stats (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  22. Tag:generator:source=wind - OpenStreetMap Wiki. (2016). Tag:generator:source=wind - OpenStreetMap Wiki. Available at: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/ wiki/Tag:generator:source%3Dwind (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  23. Tag:power=tower. (2016). Tag:power=tower - OpenStreetMap Wiki. Available at: http://wiki.open streetmap.org/wiki/Tag:power%3Dtower (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  24. Triangle.NET. (2016). Triangle.NET. Available at: https://triangle.codeplex.com/ (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  25. Unity. (2016). Unity - Game Engine. (online) Available at: https://unity3d.com/ (Accessed 20 Oct. 2016].
  26. UDST/vizicities. (2016). UDST/vizicities. Available at: https://github.com/UDST/vizicities (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  27. Paologianfrancesco.com. (2016). urban shape - paolo gianfrancesco. Available at: http://www.paolo gianfrancesco.com/graphic/urban-shape (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  28. Vlachos, A. (2010). Water Flow in Portal 2. Slides at: http://www.valvesoftware.com/publications/2010/sigg raph2010_vlachos_waterflow.pdf (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  29. Zoom levels - OpenStreetMap Wiki. (2016). Zoom levels - OpenStreetMap Wiki. Available at: http://wiki. openstreetmap.org/wiki/Zoom_levels (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
  30. Xapi - OpenStreetMap Wiki. (2016). Xapi - OpenStreetMap Wiki. Available at: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Xapi (Accessed 17 Oct. 2016).
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Joling A. (2017). Open Data Sources for 3D Data Visualisation - Generating 3D Worlds based on OpenStreetMaps Data . In Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 3: IVAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2017) ISBN 978-989-758-228-8, pages 251-258. DOI: 10.5220/0006164902510258


in Bibtex Style

@conference{ivapp17,
author={Almar Joling},
title={Open Data Sources for 3D Data Visualisation - Generating 3D Worlds based on OpenStreetMaps Data},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 3: IVAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2017)},
year={2017},
pages={251-258},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006164902510258},
isbn={978-989-758-228-8},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 3: IVAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2017)
TI - Open Data Sources for 3D Data Visualisation - Generating 3D Worlds based on OpenStreetMaps Data
SN - 978-989-758-228-8
AU - Joling A.
PY - 2017
SP - 251
EP - 258
DO - 10.5220/0006164902510258