Usability of Passive Models for Energy Minimization of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation - Possibilities and Shortcomings of Analytical Solutions of Passive Models and Possible Improvements

Aljoscha Reinert, Jan C. Loitz, Nils Remer, Dietmar Schroeder, Wolfgang H. Krautschneider

Abstract

Transcutaneous electrical stimulation is a more and more used rehabilitation technique for patients suffering from spinal cord injury or stroke. The commonly used pulse shape is the biphasic rectangular pulse, which leads to the question whether another, more efficient pulse shape exists that consumes less energy. In this study a passive model for electrical stimulation was develepod and an analytical analysis was performed. The resulting energy optimal pulse shape was then compared to the results of an active model. To improve the accuracy of the passive model, a simple ionic current correction was introduced, which leads to comparable results of an active model. Concluding it can be said that passive models are a good approach to give notions of some effects, but have to be extended to fit reality.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Reinert A., Loitz J., Remer N., Schroeder D. and Krautschneider W. (2016). Usability of Passive Models for Energy Minimization of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation - Possibilities and Shortcomings of Analytical Solutions of Passive Models and Possible Improvements . In Proceedings of the 9th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2016) ISBN 978-989-758-170-0, pages 269-274. DOI: 10.5220/0005822402690274


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biodevices16,
author={Aljoscha Reinert and Jan C. Loitz and Nils Remer and Dietmar Schroeder and Wolfgang H. Krautschneider},
title={Usability of Passive Models for Energy Minimization of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation - Possibilities and Shortcomings of Analytical Solutions of Passive Models and Possible Improvements},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 9th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2016)},
year={2016},
pages={269-274},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005822402690274},
isbn={978-989-758-170-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 9th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2016)
TI - Usability of Passive Models for Energy Minimization of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation - Possibilities and Shortcomings of Analytical Solutions of Passive Models and Possible Improvements
SN - 978-989-758-170-0
AU - Reinert A.
AU - Loitz J.
AU - Remer N.
AU - Schroeder D.
AU - Krautschneider W.
PY - 2016
SP - 269
EP - 274
DO - 10.5220/0005822402690274