A Content-based Watermarking Scheme based on Clifford Fourier Transform

Maroua Affes, Malek Sellami Meziou, Yassine Lehiani, Marius Preda, Faouzi Ghorbel

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a new watermarking method based on Harris interest points and Fourier Clifford Transform. We employed Harris detector to select robust interest points and to generate some non-overlapped circular interest regions. Each region was transformed into Clifford Fourier domain and the watermark was embedded into the Clifford transform coefficients magnitude. Experimental results show the robustness of the proposed method against JPEG compression.

References

  1. Bas P., Chassery J. M. and Macq B., 2002. Toward a content-based watermarking scheme. Traitement du signal 2002_volume 19 n°1 2002. p.11-17.
  2. Batard T., Berthier M. and Saint-Jean C., 2010. Clifford Fourier Transform for Color Image Processing. In E. Bayro-Corrochano & G. Scheuermann, editeurs, Geometric Algebra Computing in Engineering and Computer Science, chapitre 8, pages 135-161. Springer Verlag, 2010.
  3. Hestenes D. and Sobczyk G., 1987. Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus. A Unified Language for Mathematics and Physics (Fundamental Theories of Physics). Broché - 31 août 1987.
  4. Hsieh M. S. and Tseng D. C., 2004. Perceptual digital watermarking for image authentication. Electronic commerce Research. Volume 4, Issue 1-2 , p.157-170.
  5. Koch E. and Zhao J., 1994. Embedding robust labels into images for copyright protection. Technical report, Fraunhofer Institut For Computer Graphics, Darmstadh, Germany. p.242-251.
  6. Kutter M., Bhattacharjee S. K and Ebrahimi T., 1999. Toward second generation watermarking schemes. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference Image Processing, vol. 1, Kobe, Japan. p.320-324
  7. Lee H. Y., Kim H. S. and Lee H. K., 2006. Robust image watermarking using local invariant features. In Optical Engineering, 2006. p.037002-037002-11
  8. Lei-da L., Bao-long G. and Lei G., 2008. Rotation, scaling and translation invariant image watermarking using feature points. In The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications, 2008. p.82-87.
  9. MacWilliams F. J. and Sloane N. J., 1977. Theory of Error Correcting Codes. 8, North-Holland, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1977.
  10. Neeta D., Archana R. and Manthalkar R., 2010. Review of Robust Video Watermarking algorithms. In International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security. p. 237-246.
  11. O'Ruanaidh J., Dowling W. J. and Boland F. M., 1996. Phase watermarking of digital images. In Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Image Processing. p. 239-242.
  12. O'Ruanaidh J. and Pun T., 1998. Rotation, scale, and translation invariant digital image watermarking. In Signal Processing. p.303-317.
  13. Papakostas G. A., Tsougenis E.D., Koulouriotis D.E. and Tourassis, V. D., 2011. On the robustness of Harris detector in image watermarking attacks. In Optics Communications. p.4394-4407.
  14. Potdar, V. M., Song Han and Chang, E., 2005. A survey of digital image watermarking techniques. Industrial Informatics, 2005. INDIN 7805. 2005 3rd IEEE International Conference. p.709-716.
  15. Sangwine S. J., and Ell T. A., 2000. The discrete Fourier transform of a colour image. In J. M. Blackledge & M. J. Turner, editeurs, Image Processing II : Mathematical Methods, Algorithms and Applications, (Proceedings of Second IMA Conference on Image Processing, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK, September 1998), pages 430-441. Horwood Publishing for Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, 2000.
  16. Seema M., Hitesh G. and Saurabh M., 2012. Survey of Digital Image Watermarking Techniques to achieve Robustness. In International Journal of Computer Applications, 2012 by IJCA Volume 45-No 13. p.1-8.
  17. Vaishali J. S. and Sachin R. G., 2011. Literature Review of Wavelet Based Digital Image Watermarking Techniques. In International Journal of Computer Applications. p.28-35.
  18. Xiaojun Q. and Ji Q., 2007, A robust content-based digital image Watermarking scheme. Signal Processing Volume 87, Issue 6, June 2007, P.1264-1280.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Affes M., Meziou M., Lehiani Y., Preda M. and Ghorbel F. (2016). A Content-based Watermarking Scheme based on Clifford Fourier Transform . In Proceedings of the 11th Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 3: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2016) ISBN 978-989-758-175-5, pages 372-378. DOI: 10.5220/0005748403720378


in Bibtex Style

@conference{visapp16,
author={Maroua Affes and Malek Sellami Meziou and Yassine Lehiani and Marius Preda and Faouzi Ghorbel},
title={A Content-based Watermarking Scheme based on Clifford Fourier Transform},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 3: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2016)},
year={2016},
pages={372-378},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005748403720378},
isbn={978-989-758-175-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 11th Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 3: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2016)
TI - A Content-based Watermarking Scheme based on Clifford Fourier Transform
SN - 978-989-758-175-5
AU - Affes M.
AU - Meziou M.
AU - Lehiani Y.
AU - Preda M.
AU - Ghorbel F.
PY - 2016
SP - 372
EP - 378
DO - 10.5220/0005748403720378