Urban and Building Accessibility Diagnosis using ‘Accessibility App’ in Smart Cities - A Case Study

Raquel Pérez-delHoyo, María Dolores Andújar-Montoya, Virgilio Gilart-Iglesias

Abstract

In the context of economic and technological changes arised from globalization, cities face the challenge of conceiving models capable of combining both competitiveness and sustainable urban development. The increasing body of knowledge in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) offers methods to exploit the huge potential of technological advances, enabling to increase productivity of industrial and business processes and improving the liveability of cities. One of the most important aspects that influence the liveability of cities is the ability to be an inclusive city. Thus, Smart Cities require an inclusive urban life, and they are characterized by being accessible cities. In this regard, this paper describes a method using the latest ICT for the analysis and diagnosis of the accessibility in buildings and urban environments. This method allows the collection of information on accessibility issues through the collaboration of citizens, as well as to organize and display it, so that administrations and institutions responsible for addressing accessibility issues can use it in order to take actions. In this context, a practical application of the method has been performed through a case study in the University of Alicante, with the objective of showing a real diagnosis of urban and building accessibility.

References

  1. Abdoullaev, A., 2011. Keynote: "A Smart World: A Development Model for Intelligent Cities". In: The 11th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT).
  2. Batty, M., Axhausen, K.W., Giannotti, F., Pozdnoukhov, A., Bazzani, A., Wachowicz, M., Portugali, Y., 2012. Smart cities of the future. The European Physical Journal Special Topics, 214 (1), pp. 481-518.
  3. Beale, L., Field, K., Briggs, D., Picton, P., Matthews, H., 2006. Mapping for wheelchair users: Route navigation in urban spaces. The Cartographic Journal 43, pp. 68- 81.
  4. Beall, J., 2002. Globalization and social exclusion in cities: framing the debate with lessons from Africa and Asia. Environment and urbanization 14 (1), pp. 41-51.
  5. Beaverstock, J.V., Smith, R.G., Taylor, P.J., Walker, D.R.F., Lorimer, H., 2000. Globalization and world cities: some measurement methodologies. Applied geography 20 (1), pp. 43-63.
  6. Book, K., Eskilsson, L., Khan, J., 2010. Governing the balance between sustainability and competitiveness in urban planning: the case of the Orestad model. Environmental Policy and Governance 20 (6), pp. 382-396.
  7. Caragliu, A., Del Bo, C., Nijkamp, P., 2011. Smart cities in Europe. Journal of urban technology 18 (2), pp. 65- 82.
  8. Carley, M., Smith, H., Jenkins, P., 2013. Urban development and civil society: The role of communities in sustainable cities, Routledge.
  9. Church, R.L., Marston, J.R., 2003. Measuring accessibility for people with a disability. Geographical Analysis 35, pp. 83-96.
  10. Colantonio, A., Dixon, T., 2011. Urban regeneration and social sustainability: Best practice from European cities, John Wiley & Sons. Hoboken, USA.
  11. Cossetta, A., Palumbo, M., 2014. The Co-production of Social Innovation: The Case of Living Lab. In: Smart City. How to Create Public and Economic Value with High Technology in Urban Space. Springer, pp. 221- 236.
  12. Etro, F., 2011. The economics of cloud computing. The IUP Journal of Managerial Economics IX (2), pp. 7- 22.
  13. European Commission, 2010a. European Disability Strategy 2010-2020: A Renewed Commitment to a Barrier-Free Europe. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/ legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52010DC0 636&rid=3.
  14. European Commission, 2010b. Europe 2020: A Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/? uri=CELEX:52010DC2020&rid=1.
  15. Gilart-Iglesias, V., Mora, H., Pérez-delHoyo, R., GarcíaMayor, C., 2015. A computational method based on radio frequency technologies for the analysis of accessibility of disabled people in sustainable cities. Sustainability 7 (11), pp. 14935-14963.
  16. Gutiérrez Mozo, M.E., Martí Ciriquián, P., 2014. Campus of the University of Alicante, Publications Service of the University of Alicante.
  17. Hashim, A.E., Samikon, S.A., Ismail, F., Kamarudin, H., Jalil, M.N.M., Arrif, N.M., 2012. Access and Accessibility Audit in Commercial Complex: Effectiveness in Respect to People with Disabilities (PWDs). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 50, pp. 452-461.
  18. Inada, Y., Izumi, S., Koga, M., Matsubara, S., 2014. Development of Planning Support System for Welfare Urban Design - Optimal Route Finding for Wheelchair Users. Procedia Environmental Sciences 22, pp. 61- 69.
  19. Landry, C., 2012. The creative city: A toolkit for urban innovators, Earthscan.
  20. Le-Klähn, D.T., Hall, C.M., Gerike, R., 2014. Analysis of visitor satisfaction with public transport in Munich. Journal of Public Transportation 17, pp. 68-85.
  21. Mackett, R.L., Achuthan, K., Titheridge, H., 2008. AMELIA: making streets more accessible for people with mobility difficulties. Urban Design International 13, pp. 81-89, 2008.
  22. Makris, P., Skoutas, D.N., Skianis, C., 2013. A survey on context-aware mobile and wireless networking: on networking and computing environments' integration. IEEE Communnication Surveys & Tutorials 15 (1), pp. 362-386.
  23. Martinez Fernandez, C., Audirac, I., Fol, S., Cunningham Sabot, E., 2012. Shrinking cities: Urban challenges of globalization. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 36 (2), pp. 213-225.
  24. Marston, S., 2011. Cloud computing - the business perspective. Decision Support Systems 51 (1), pp. 176-189.
  25. Menkens, C., Sussmann, J., Al-Ali, M., Breitsameter, E., Frtunik, J., Nendel, T., Schneiderbauer, T., 2011. Easywheel - a mobile social navigation and support system for wheelchair users. In: Eighth International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations (ITNG). IEEE, 859-866.
  26. Mora, H., Gil, D., Colom Lopez, J.F., Signes Pont, M.T., 2015. Flexible framework for real-time embedded systems based on mobile cloud computing paradigm. Mobile Information Systems 2015 (2015).
  27. Mora, H., Gilart-Iglesias, V., Pérez-delHoyo, R., AndújarMontoya, M.D., Gabucio, H.C., 2016. Interactive cloud system for the analysis of accessibility in smart cities. International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics 11 (3), pp. 447-458.
  28. Neirotti, P., De Marco, A., Cagliano, A. C., Mangano, G., Scorrano, F., 2014. Current trends in Smart City initiatives: Some stylised facts. Cities 38, pp. 25-36.
  29. Newman, P., hornley, A., 2011. Planning world cities: globalization and urban politics, Palgrave Macmillan.
  30. Pérez-delHoyo, R., Garcia-Mayor, C., Mora, H., Gilart, V., Andújar-Montoya, M.D., 2017. Improving Urban Accessibility: A Methodology for Urban Dynamics Analysis in Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Cities. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 12 (2017) 3, pp. 357-367.
  31. Prandi, C., Salomoni, P., Mirri, S., 2014. mPASS: integrating people sensing and crowdsourcing to map urban accessibility. In: Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC). IEEE, pp. 591- 595.
  32. Shigeno, K., Borger, S., Gallo, D., Herrmann, R., Molinaro, M., Cardonha, C., Avegliano, P., 2013. Citizen sensing for collaborative construction of accessibility maps. In: Proceedings. of the 10th International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility.
  33. Steinfeld, E. Maisel, J., 2012. Universal design: Creating inclusive environments, John Wiley & Sons. Hoboken, USA.
  34. Targio Hashem, I.A., Yaqoob, I., Anuar, N.B., Mokhtar, S., Gani, A., Khan, A.U., 2015. The rise of “big data” on cloud computing: review and open research issues. Information Systems 47, pp. 98-115.
  35. Taylor, P., Derudder, B., Saey, P., Witlox, F. (Eds.), 2006. Cities in Globalization: Practices, policies and theories, Routledge.
  36. Taylor, P., Ni, P., Derudder, B., Hoyler, M., Huang, J., Witlox, F., 2012. Global urban analysis: A survey of cities in globalization, Routledge.
  37. United Nations, General Assembly, 2006. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
  38. Vallance, S. Perkins, H.C. Dixon, J.E., 2011. What is social sustainability? A clarification of concepts. Geoforum 42, 342-348.
  39. Venter, C., Savill, T., Rickert, T., Bogopane, H., Venkatesh, A., Camba, J., Mulikita, N., Khaula, C., Stone, J., Maunder, D., 2002. Enhancing accessibility for people with disabilities living in urban areas, Unpublished Project Report, available at http://www.globalride-sf.org/images/DFID.pdf (accessed 1 December 2016).
  40. Wolbring, G., Rybchinski, T., 2013. Social Sustainability and its Indicators through a Disability Studies and an Ability Studies Lens. Sustainability 5, pp. 4889-4907.
  41. Yigitcanlar T., 2014. Empirical approaches in knowledge city research. Expert Systems with Applications 41 (12), pp. 5547-5548.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Pérez-delHoyo R., Andújar-Montoya M. and Gilart-Iglesias V. (2017). Urban and Building Accessibility Diagnosis using ‘Accessibility App’ in Smart Cities - A Case Study . In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS, ISBN 978-989-758-241-7, pages 99-108. DOI: 10.5220/0006378300990108


in Bibtex Style

@conference{smartgreens17,
author={Raquel Pérez-delHoyo and María Dolores Andújar-Montoya and Virgilio Gilart-Iglesias},
title={Urban and Building Accessibility Diagnosis using ‘Accessibility App’ in Smart Cities - A Case Study},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,},
year={2017},
pages={99-108},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006378300990108},
isbn={978-989-758-241-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,
TI - Urban and Building Accessibility Diagnosis using ‘Accessibility App’ in Smart Cities - A Case Study
SN - 978-989-758-241-7
AU - Pérez-delHoyo R.
AU - Andújar-Montoya M.
AU - Gilart-Iglesias V.
PY - 2017
SP - 99
EP - 108
DO - 10.5220/0006378300990108