A Framework for Small Group Support in Online Collaborative Learning - Combining Collaboration Scripts and Online Tutoring

Aleksandra Lazareva

Abstract

Many learners experience difficulties engaging in collaborative learning activities online. Computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) scripts have been implemented to support online learners. Collaboration scripts have shown much potential in facilitating students’ general collaboration skills. However, reported effects of collaboration scripts on domain-specific knowledge acquisition have been less positive. In this paper, I suggest an alternative framework for supporting CSCL learners by combining collaboration scripting and online tutoring. While collaboration scripts can facilitate the acquisition of general collaboration skills, the online tutor is capable of monitoring and assessing small groups’ progress and providing them with suitable content-specific prompts. The role of the online tutor is also important in terms of establishing social presence in the online learning environment. In order to develop the conceptual framework, I present experiences from an online collaborative learning course. I support the discussion by student insights collected through surveys and a focus group interview.

References

  1. An, H., Shin, S., Lim, K., 2009. The effects of different instructor facilitation approaches on students' interactions during asynchronous online discussions. Computers & Education, 53, 749-760.
  2. Berge, Z. L., 1995. Facilitating computer conferencing: Recommendations from the field. Educational Technology, 35, 22-30.
  3. Dillenbourg, P., 2002. Over-scripting CSCL: The risks of blending collaborative learning with instructional design. In P. A. Kirschner (ed.), Three worlds of CSCL. Can we support CSCL? (pp. 61-91). Open Universiteit Nederland, Heerlen.
  4. Fischer, F., Kollar, I., Stegmann, K., Wecker, C., 2013. Toward a script theory of guidance in computersupported collaborative learning. Educational Psychologist, 48, 56-66.
  5. Goold, A., Coldwell, J., Craig, A., 2010. An examination of the role of the e-tutor. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26, 704-716.
  6. Gupta, S., Bostrom, R.P., 2009. Technology-mediated learning: A comprehensive theoretical model. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 10, 686- 714.
  7. Jeong, H., Hmelo-Silver, C. E., 2016. Seven affordances of computer-supported collaborative learning: How to support collaborative learning? How can technologies help? Educational Psychologist, 51, 247-265.
  8. Kobbe, L., Weinberger, A., Dillenbourg, P., Harrer, A., Hämäläinen, R., Häkkinen, P., Fischer, F., 2007. Specifying computer-supported collaboration scripts. Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 2, 211- 224.
  9. Kollar, I., Fischer, F., Hesse, F.W., 2006. Collaboration scripts - A conceptual analysis. Educational Psychology Review, 18, 159-185.
  10. Kollar, I., Fischer, F., Slotta, J.D., 2007. Internal and external scripts in computer-supported collaborative inquiry learning. Learning and Instruction, 17, 708- 721.
  11. Kopp, B., Matteucci, M. C., Tomasetto, C., 2012. Etutorial support for collaborative online learning: An explorative study on experienced and inexperienced etutors. Computers & Education, 58, 12-20.
  12. Kreijns, K., Kirschner, P.A., Jochems, W., 2003. Identifying the pitfalls for social interaction in computer-supported collaborative learning environments: A review of the research. Computers in Human Behavior, 19, 335-353.
  13. Lazareva, A., 2017. Role of the online tutor in establishing the social presence in asynchronous text-based collaborative learning environments. In M. E. Auer, D. Guralnick, J. Uhomoibhi (eds.), Interactive Collaborative Learning (pp. 128-142). Springer International Publishing.
  14. Noroozi, O., Weinberger, A., Biemans, H. J. A., Mulder, M., Chizari, M., 2013. Facilitating argumentative knowledge construction through a transactive discussion script in CSCL. Computers & Education, 61, 59-76.
  15. Popov, V., Biemans, H.J.A., Kuznetsov, A.N., Mulder, M., 2014. Use of an interculturally enriched collaboration script in computer-supported collaborative learning in higher education. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 23, 349-374.
  16. Remesal, A., Colomina, R., 2013. Social presence and online collaborative small group work: A socioconstructivist account. Computers & Education, 60, 357-367.
  17. Roschelle, J., Teasley, S.D., 1995. The construction of shared knowledge in collaborative problem solving. In Computer supported collaborative learning (pp. 69- 97). Springer, Heidelberg.
  18. Rummel, N., Spada, H., Hauser, S., 2009. Learning to collaborate while being scripted or by observing a model. Computer-supported Collaborative Learning, 4, 69-92.
  19. Serçe, F.C., Swigger, K., Alpaslan, F.N., Brazile, R., Dafoulas, G., Lopez, V., 2011. Online collaboration: Collaborative behavior patterns and factors affecting globally distributed team performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 490-503.
  20. Stegmann, K., Weinberger, A., Fischer, F., 2007. Facilitating argumentative knowledge construction with computer-supported collaboration scripts. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 2, 421-447.
  21. Strijbos, J.-W., Martens, R.L., Jochems, W.M.G., 2004. Designing for interaction: Six steps to designing computer-supported group-based learning. Computers & Education, 42, 403-424.
  22. Sung, E., Mayer, R.E., 2012. Five facets of social presence in online distance education. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 1738-1747.
  23. Vogel, F., Wecker, C., Kollar, I., Fischer, F., 2016. Sociocognitive scaffolding with computer-supported collaboration scripts: A meta-analysis. Educational Psychology Review, 1-35.
  24. Weinberger, A., 2011. Principles of transactive computersupported collaboration scripts. Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, 6, 189-202.
  25. Weinberger, A., Ertl, B., Fischer, F., Mandl, H., 2005. Epistemic and social scripts in computer-supported collaborative learning. Instructional Science, 33, 1-30.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Lazareva A. (2017). A Framework for Small Group Support in Online Collaborative Learning - Combining Collaboration Scripts and Online Tutoring . In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-758-240-0, pages 255-262. DOI: 10.5220/0006325802550262


in Bibtex Style

@conference{csedu17,
author={Aleksandra Lazareva},
title={A Framework for Small Group Support in Online Collaborative Learning - Combining Collaboration Scripts and Online Tutoring},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,},
year={2017},
pages={255-262},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006325802550262},
isbn={978-989-758-240-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,
TI - A Framework for Small Group Support in Online Collaborative Learning - Combining Collaboration Scripts and Online Tutoring
SN - 978-989-758-240-0
AU - Lazareva A.
PY - 2017
SP - 255
EP - 262
DO - 10.5220/0006325802550262