CONSIDERATIONS ON IMPROVING THE DESIGN OF CUFF ELECTRODE FOR ENG RECORDING - Geometrical Approach, Dedicated IC, Sensitivity and Noise Rejection

Fabien Soulier, Lionel Gouyet, Guy Cathébras, Serge Bernard, David Guiraud, Yves Bertrand

Abstract

Cuff electrodes have several advantages for in situ recording of ENG signal. They are easy to implant and not very invasive for the patient. Nevertheless, they are subject to parasitic background noise, especially the EMG generated by the muscles. We show that the use of large numbers of poles can increase the sensitivity of cuff electrodes as well as their selectivity with respect to a efficient noise rejection. We investigate several configurations and compare the performances of a tripolar cuff electrode versus a multipolar one in numerical simulation. One the other hand the use of cuff electrodes leads to the recording of the sum of the signals generated by all the axons within the nerve. This puts in evidence the need of signal separation techniques that require a large amount of information. Again, we show that multipolar electrodes can solve this problem since poles can be switched one to another, provided that they are distributed along a regular tessellation. Finally, we present the structure of an A S I C preamplifier aimed to obtain the Laplacian of the potential by spatial filtering and rejecting low-frequency noise.

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in Harvard Style

Soulier F., Gouyet L., Cathébras G., Bernard S., Guiraud D. and Bertrand Y. (2008). CONSIDERATIONS ON IMPROVING THE DESIGN OF CUFF ELECTRODE FOR ENG RECORDING - Geometrical Approach, Dedicated IC, Sensitivity and Noise Rejection . In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 2: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2008) ISBN 978-989-8111- 17-3, pages 180-185. DOI: 10.5220/0001056301800185


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biodevices08,
author={Fabien Soulier and Lionel Gouyet and Guy Cathébras and Serge Bernard and David Guiraud and Yves Bertrand},
title={CONSIDERATIONS ON IMPROVING THE DESIGN OF CUFF ELECTRODE FOR ENG RECORDING - Geometrical Approach, Dedicated IC, Sensitivity and Noise Rejection},
booktitle={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 2: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2008)},
year={2008},
pages={180-185},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0001056301800185},
isbn={978-989-8111- 17-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the First International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 2: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2008)
TI - CONSIDERATIONS ON IMPROVING THE DESIGN OF CUFF ELECTRODE FOR ENG RECORDING - Geometrical Approach, Dedicated IC, Sensitivity and Noise Rejection
SN - 978-989-8111- 17-3
AU - Soulier F.
AU - Gouyet L.
AU - Cathébras G.
AU - Bernard S.
AU - Guiraud D.
AU - Bertrand Y.
PY - 2008
SP - 180
EP - 185
DO - 10.5220/0001056301800185