Identity Management for Electronic Negotiations

Omid Tafreschi, Janina Fengel, Michael Rebstock


Using the Internet as the medium for transporting sensitive business data poses risks to companies. Before conducting business electronically, a company should take preventive measures against data manipulations and possible data misuse. One initial step could be obtaining certainty about the true identity of a potential business partner responding to a request or tender. In this paper we report on the development of a concept for identity management to introduce trust for electronic negotiations. We describe the character of electronic negotiations and give an example for a possible use-case scenario of our concept. For this we choose the most complex type of negotiations in the business domain, which are interactive bilateral multiattributive negotiations. Based on a general application architecture for such negotiations developed in a research project, we show the necessity of security provisions and introduce a security concept for identity management. We argue that the development of authentication and authorization services for the identity management of business partners involved in a negotiation are not only crucial but also an enhancement for electronic marketplaces.


  1. Schönherr, M., Gallas, B.: Komponentenbasiertes EAI-Framework unter Einsatz und Erweiterung von Web Services. In Uhr, W., Esswein, W., Schoop, W., eds.: Wirtschaftsinformatik 2003 / Band II, Medien, Märkte, Mobilität. Physica-Verlag (2003) 125-142
  2. Schubert, P.: E-Business-Integration. In Schubert, P., Wölfle, R., Dettling, W., eds.: EBusiness-Integration, Fallstudien zur Optimierung elektronischer Geschäftsprozesse. Hanser (2003) 1-22
  3. Rebstock, M., Thun, P., Tafreschi, O.: Supporting Interactive Multi-Attribute Electronic Negotiations with ebXML. Group Decision and Negotiation 12 (2003) 269-286
  4. Bichler, M.: The Future of eMarkets - Multi-Dimensional Market Mechanisms. 1 edn. Cambrige University Press (2001)
  5. G. Kersten and K. Pong Law and S. E. Strecker: A Software Platform for Multiprotocol e-Negotiations. (2004)
  6. Merz, M.: E-Commerce und E-Business - Marktmodelle, Anwendungen und Technologien. dpunkt Verlag (2002)
  7. Rebstock, M., Tafreschi, O.: Secure Interactive Electronic Negotiations in Business-toBusiness Marketplaces. In Wrycza, Stanislaw, eds.: Proceedings of the Xth European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS2002). (2002) 564-572
  8. Schmid, B.: Elektronische Märkte - Merkmale, Organisation und Potentiale. In: Management-Handbuch Electronic Commerce. 1 edn. Vahlen (1999) 31-48
  9. Rebstock, M., Lipp, M.: Web Services zur Integration interaktiver elektronischer Verhandlungen in elektronische Marktplätze. Wirtschaftsinformatik (2003) 293-306
  10. Cachero, C., Gomez, J., Parraga, A.: Extending UML for the migration of Legacy Systems to the Web. VI Jornadas de Ingeniería del Software y Bases de Datos (2001)
  11. Cachero, C., Gomez, J.: Conceptual navigation analysis: a device and platform independent navigation specification. In: 2nd Int. Workshop on Web Oriented Software Technology. (2002)
  12. MultiNeg Consortium: MultiNeg Project. (2005)
  13. Abdul-Rahman, A., Hailes, S.: Supporting Trust in Virtual Communities. In: HICSS 7800: Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii Int. Conference on System Sciences-Volume 6, IEEE Computer Society (2000)
  14. Bailey, J., Bakos, Y.: An Exploaratory Study of the Emerging Role of Electronic Intermediaries. Int. Journal of Electronic Commerce 1 (1997)
  15. Menezes, A.J., Oorschot, P., Vanstone, S.A.: Handbook of Applied Cryptography. CRC Press series on discrete mathematics and its applications. CRC Press (1997)
  16. T. Dierks, C.A.: The TLS protocol version 1.0 RFC 2246, IETF (1999)
  17. Bichler, M., Kersten, G., Strecker, S.: Towards a Structured Design of Electronic Negotiations. Group Decision and Negotiation 12 (2003) 311-335
  18. Zarnekow, R.: Softwareagenten und elektronische Kaufprozesse - Referenzmodelle zur Integration. 1 edn. Gabler (1999)
  19. Veit, D.: Matchmaking in Electronic Markets. 1 edn. Srpinger Verlag (2003)
  20. Schoop, M., Jertila, A.: Electronic Commerce in the Semantic Web Era. In M. Bichler and C. Holtmann and S. Kirn and J. P. M üller and C. Weinhardt, ed.: Coordination and Agent Technology in Value Networks,Multikonferenz Wirtschaftsinformatik (MKWI 04). (2004)
  21. Yuan, Y., Turel, O.: A Business Model for e-Negotiation in Electronic Commerce. (2005)
  22. Neumann, D., Benyoucef, M., Bassil, S., Vachon, J.: Applying the Montreal Taxonomy to State of the Art E-Negotiation Systems. Group Decision and Negotiation 12 (2003) 287-310
  23. Ye, S., Makedon, F., Steinberg, T., Shen, L., Ford, J., Wang, Y., Zhao, Y.: SCENS: a System for the Mediated Sharing of Sensitive Data. In: Proceedings of the 3rd ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital Libraries. (2003)
  24. Project, L.A.: Liberty Alliance Specifications. specifications.php (2005)
  25. J. De Clercq: Single Sign-On Architectures. In Davida, G.I., Frankel, Y., Rees, O., eds.: Proceedings of Infrastructure Security, InfraSec. Number 2437 in LNCS, Springer (2002) 40-58

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Tafreschi O., Fengel J. and Rebstock M. (2005). Identity Management for Electronic Negotiations . In Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Computer Supported Activity Coordination - Volume 1: CSAC, (ICEIS 2005) ISBN 972-8865-21-X, pages 38-47. DOI: 10.5220/0002562600380047

in Bibtex Style

author={Omid Tafreschi and Janina Fengel and Michael Rebstock},
title={Identity Management for Electronic Negotiations},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Computer Supported Activity Coordination - Volume 1: CSAC, (ICEIS 2005)},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Computer Supported Activity Coordination - Volume 1: CSAC, (ICEIS 2005)
TI - Identity Management for Electronic Negotiations
SN - 972-8865-21-X
AU - Tafreschi O.
AU - Fengel J.
AU - Rebstock M.
PY - 2005
SP - 38
EP - 47
DO - 10.5220/0002562600380047